Week 7 Lecture Notes
Week 7 Lecture Notes ARCH - 10001 - 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Irene Huda on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH - 10001 - 001 at Kent State University taught by David Hughes (P) in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 93 views. For similar materials see UNDERSTANDING ARCHITECTURE in Architecture at Kent State University.
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Date Created: 10/18/15
Understanding Architecture Week 7 Lecture Notes Problems continued didn t go over in class OOOOO Activity Cost Time Type Location Materials Building Types 0 Wood I Light Framesinglefam 23 fam small commercial I Heavy Timberlodges log cabin light industry buildings dock playground furnishings Masonry I Stonefences finishes fireplaces foundation wall I Blockcommercial multifam institutional school bank church re station I Brickcombo w block as finish Concrete I Sitecastinstitutional museums large assembly stadium theatres libraries unique Sydney Opera I Precastmodularsegmented apartments parking garage hospitals hotels Steel I Light Gaugesinglefam multifam small commercial restaurants clinic stores office building I Structurallarge scale gov offices courthouse police station high rise large scale assembly StairsStructureconcrete spiral held up around center support Space frameStairscoveredtunnel staircase Structure as ArtOSU s Wexner Center Accessory Engineering OOOOO Hydraulicswimming pools fountains artificial lakes Acousticalsound opera theatre sports Transportationparking garages airport terminal assembly bridge Electronicsignal devices fire alarms smart buildings security WiFi Environmentalenergy conservation solar panels green roofs Basic Building Elements Wood Light Frame 0 Foundation I Batter Boardstemporary used to mark framework after excavation I Concrete Formshave marks inside to indicate level to which concrete will be poured I Column Footerssupport for columns I Spread Footingsconcrete spread load of building across surface of soil make level surface on which wall forms can be places I Concrete Foundation Wallbelow ground level main support for building I Window Openingsmade with special form inserts I Drainagekeeps water away from foundations I Poured in Place Concretetypically used for foundation walls Floor Platform I Sheathinglayer covering oor carries loads above to joists below I Stair Openingopen spot in oor above I J oistshorizontal beams supporting oorceiling I Girderlarge horizontal beam supporting other beams I Pipe Columnmoves drainage water from bottom pump to surface Ground Floor Walls I Top Platemember on top of stud wall I Studsvertical supporting members 0000 I Bracingdiagonal support to reinforce structure often temporary for walls insideamp outside for first oor only inside for higher oors I Rough Openingsempty spot left for windowdoor I Area Wellaccess area of doorwindow that is partiallytotally buried underground I Tiltup Constructionwalls poured directly at site in large slabs of concrete panels raised into position around building s perimeter as exterior walls Upper Platform Framing I Sheathingoutside layer of wallsamp roof beginning of skin of building I Rough Openingswindows doors I Stair Openingopen spot in oor above I J oistshorizontal beams supporting oorceiling I Interior Load Bearing Wallholds up higher oor Framing Terms I Double Top Plateon top of studs I Cripple Studvertical support double top plate I Headerabove rough opening below top plate sandwich of 2 members around plywood spacer equals stud depth I Rough Sillbottom of rough opening I Sill Platebottom of window Rough Openings I Framing Windowtop plate header cripple studs supporting studs rough sill sole plate elevation I Framing Doortop plate header hinge supporting stud door frame shingle wedgesamp finish nails latch strike sole plate finish oor elevation Roof Types I Flathorizontal surface no lateral thrust I Shed1 slanted surface no lateral thrust I Gable2 slanted surfaces rafters must be tied w ceiling joists or supported by ridge beam I Hip4 slanted surfaces rafters must be tied w ceiling joists or supported by ridge beam 0 Hip Rafter 0 Valley Rafter 0 Valley Jack Rafters 0 Common Rafters 0 Fascia Gable CeilingRoof Framing I Rough Openingsnormalwall windows dormer windows I Ceiling J oistsabove second oorunder attic oor toenailed to tops of second oor walls I Double Headersamp Trimmersaround openings in roof I Rafterssupport ridge board I Ridgestructural beam to support rafters Pre nishing I Chimneysticks out of roof I Dormer windowpops out from roof I Sheathingoutside layer of wallsamp roof beginning of skin of building Overhanging Rakesloping edge of gableshed roof framed w lookoutsamp y rafters Building Wrapweather resistant membrane Trusses Balloon vs Platform Framing
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