Week 3 Notes
Week 3 Notes Italian 42A
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lonnie Wong on Sunday October 18, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Italian 42A at University of California - Los Angeles taught by moudarres in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Early Modern Italy in Italian at University of California - Los Angeles.
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The content was detailed, clear, and very well organized. Will definitely be coming back to Lonnie for help in class!
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Date Created: 10/18/15
13102015Lecture 5 Decameron31O oc Should anything be censored oc this story was censored in the latter half of the 16th century censored to the point it was incomprehensible Valla oc censored in second half of the 16th century oc trialed but nothing came of it oc Should anything be censored What is Humanism What is the Renaissance oc Renaissance and Humanism quotRebirthquot renewed emphasis in the classics both Latin which educated people could read and Greek which not everyone could read until the 14th century in the 15th century there was an increase How do you reconcile Christian teachings rediscovered Plato gt challenge to reconcile pagan and JudeoChristian cultures increased interests in the sciences and in geographical explorations gt analogies and differences with the Middle Ages discoverydestruction of West Indies spearheaded by Columbus centrality of Man human from homo in Latin in the cosmos gt relationship with the Divine eventually Earth isn39t central of the universe several centuries in the making gt 1630s Galileo taking God out secularization of politics rise of the nation states in Europe gt weakness of the Italian citystates and of the Papacy especially in terms of legitimacy oc Francesco Petrarca 13041374 look at the slides professor said he wasn39t focusing much on him friend of Boccaccio oc Civic Humanism city and citizenship Colluccio Salutati 13311406 Leonardo Bruni 13701444 oc The Myth of Florence Republicanism popular government or aristocracy Who should be directly involved in governing a citystate I Florencefree republic that was also interested in expanded o How do you expand while maintaining freedom I aristocracy government of few I republic public exercises power I democracy government by people election Freedom Tyranny gt What are the sources of authority legality and legitimacy conflict between Milan and Florence rhetoric freedom and practice of expansionism Roman Republic Roman Empire Which model should be imitated I Empire What gave legitimacy to conquer the neighboring states 0c Leon Battista Alberti 14041472 architect philosopher musician political satirist athelet I quothe could spring over a man39s headquot Burdenardt 98 perspective On Painting textbook on how you should paint I view everything vs POV of individual designed the Tempio Malatestiano in Rimini and the facade of Santa Maria Novella in Florence The Swerve Philology Rhetoric and History question of modernity Lorenzo Valla 14071457 Poggio Braccioni 13801459 Swerve rise of modernity named after modern book called Swerve Philology quotlove of wordslearningquot consists in the close examinations of texts literary or otherwise studes the transmission of textual documents Many humanistsincluding Vallawere expert translator gt issue of translating and commenting on the Bible Lorenzo de39 Medici 14441492 patronage of arts and letters Bottcelli39s Primavera Pagan painting Valla39s Oration on the Donation of Constantine 1440 Constantine 272337 I first Christian emperor I made Christianity the official religion of the empire I decline of the empire due to the increased power of religion I became emperor as a result of a number of civil conflicts Constantine Purified What kind of a text is this forged document Why did its author think a text like this would be productive allegedly written by Constantine pg 87 I addressed to Sylvester bishops and popes of Rome clergy I used to testify temporal power of Church 0 probably written in 8th century 0 used to exploit secular powers I dream apostle Paul and Peter I I cured Constantine39s leprosy I pagan priests tub filled with infant blood in the Capitol I calls of Sylvester I Constantine had the permission of the satraps and entire Senate optimates and Roman people when gifting the empire to the Pope NO WAY Glaring mistake pg 89 I Constantinople didn39t exist yet still Byzantine I not four pg 92 I tiara I Squire emperor to the pope 0 Would the emperor lower himself in such a way 15102015Lecture 6 oc The Prologue of the Oration oc Valla heroic author in the face of a twofold threatgt the two swords wielded by the quotsupreme pontif quot one represents temporal power the other ecclesiastical power pursuit of truth and justice gt Valla compares himself to the prophet Jeremiah and Saint Paul pg 3 quotaccusation against the Roman pontiffsquot I supine ignorance really didn39t know it was fals pg 4 argument of the Oration quotthat Donations from which the supreme pontiffs want to derive their legal right was unknown to Sylvester and Constantine alikequot I MAIN POINT rhetoric studied Cicero and Quintilian gt main work Elegantiae philosophy On Pleasure and On Free Will critique of the clergy On the Profession of the Religious and Oration on the Donation of Constantine 1440 I When writing the ODC he was working for the Kind of Aragon and Sicily who was an enemy of the pope I does this affect his validity Secretary of Alfonso Papal Secretary under Nicholas V Polemics with other humanists ODC criticizing the fake writer of the Donation and the current pope under protection of Alphonso oc Why Constantine wouldn39t give away the Empire common sense argument no ruler would relinquish any territories she has conquered lust for power as the engine of history gt pg6 quotblazing passion for extensive rulequot pg7 quotthis was a man who launched wars on nations out of lust for powerquot sibling rivalry as symbol of civil war Romulus and Remus constantine39s children the Senate and the Roman people at the time Republic would be against the Donation I 411 Goth sacked Rome People complained that Christianity weakened Rome oc Why Sylvester wouldn39t accept the Donation Sylvester39s gentlecondescension pg 15 Even if Constantine had the right to hand over the empire quotsomething I do not at all believequot pg 15 Sylvester would not have accepted a gift like the Donation of the west part of the Empire would be a curse on the papacy gt simony quotselling sacred commodities making money off the gift of Godquot pg 16 earthly power vs kingdom of Heaven in sum Constantine couldn39t offer Sylvester couldn39t accept Constantine gifted private fortune instead oc irony used pg 2830 writes 39Palea strawquot Valla is attacking the author oc The power of philology the importance of style and lang close examinations of the text in search of the text39s historical truth discrepancy between the Latin used at the time of Constantine and that of the Donation the quality of the Donation39s style matters as it becomes a key weakness for Valla to attack I the lack of style of the fake writer was evidence that Constantine didn39t write it oc pg 24 Philology and Irony no historian wrote about the Donation Was the pope ruling from the forest Constantine had a meaning of 39forest39 oc pg 545 identifies a passage of the Donation that echoes the Book of Revelation which Constantine has not read I impossible as Constantine only converted three days before the Donation was 39written39 Valla critiques Palea39s use of the Book of Revelations sarcasm so should we fear the quothatred of Peterquot more than the quotcondemnation of Godquot Etymology 39hypocrite39 Greek 39actor39 I Valla says you hide your identity under hypo someone else39s oc Inaccuracies Satrap pg 334 I Persian lieutenant of the Ruler I no such thing in Rom Constantinople was still Byzantium diademcloth pg 93 tiara pg 49 I quotpurest goldquot as if there were others a scepter pg 45 I What about a javelin I a warrior pope What is just wars I to avenge a wrong and defend friends sometimes used as pretext I fear of incurring disaster in the future if the strength of others is allowed to X grow preemptative strike expectation of booty desire for glory oc What is Valla39s idea of Rome legitimacy of the Roman empire Valla doesn39t think Rome was legitimate oc pg 72 Kill the pope Should there be a limit to freedom of speech quotJulius Caesarquot oc pg 73 What is the difference between a tyrant and a good ruler Dante Why was the Roman Empire so important Jesus was born under Augustus first emperorproof that Christianity spread Caesar turned Republic to Empire
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