PHIL 103.008 Week 8
PHIL 103.008 Week 8 5558
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ochi on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 5558 at Towson University taught by Jennifer Torgerson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introduction to ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at Towson University.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
PHIL 103008 Week 8 Teleological ethics teleos end purpose good actions produce consequences aka consequentialism Examples of teleological ethics ethical egoism ethical altruism hedonism Utilitarianism think about what39s good for the community as a whole caims that an act is right if it produces a greater balance of pleasure over pain for the majority of the community more than any alternative action the moral agent could have performed Jeremy Bentham 17481832 father of utilitarianism the idea of utilitarianism is based on the principle of utility Hedonistic calculus quanti es all the pleasure measured in hedons and all of the pain measured in delors that may result from your action Hedons3 Delors 2 Result 1 the action is good Action is good if amount of pleasure is at leastthe same as the amount of pain from the action Utilitarianism good actions maximize pleasure and minimize pain Act utilitarianism an action is right if and only if that action follow a set of rules which produce a greater balance of happiness over pain or at least an equal amount of both for the community more than the adoption of any alternative set of moral rues Rule utilitarianism an action is right if and only if that action follows a set of rules which produce a greater balance of happiness over pain or at least an equal amount of both for the community more than any alternative set of moral rules Levels of Rules 1 highest default back to act utilitarianism 2 Con ictresolving rules 3 lowest utility maximizing rules produce the most happiness for the most people possible Criticisms of Utilitarianism 1 JUN owe Just because an action leads to the most people39s satisfaction it doesn39t mean that the action is quotmorally rightquot ie slavery The principle of utility continues a bad status quo Rule utilitarianism does not help us pick or decide between con icting moral rules Act utilitarianism can justify the murder of the innocent The consequences of actions are never certain added by student It is impossible to be objective when doing hedonistic calculus it will always be biased in our favor