Lesson 15: The French Revolution
Lesson 15: The French Revolution Hist 150
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kaitlyn Hamke on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Hist 150 at Ball State University taught by Dr. Hall in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see The West in the World in History at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
Lesson 15 The French Revolution 1 Moderate Phase 2 RadicalPhase 3 CounterRevolutionary Phase Moderate Phase 0 Working together to create Constitution 0 quotThe Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen I 17 articles I Idea of Popular sovereignty I Critical of Absolute Monarchy 0 Wanted equality in government 0 Freedom of Religion speech and the press 0 quotConstitution of 1791 I Constitutional Monarchy 0 Powers shared between people and the King of France 0 1 Abolish privileges ofChurch and Aristocracy I All Citizens now equal 0 2 Trim the powers of Louis XVI 0 Voting would be linked to property 0 Women still can t vote 0 Constitutioncompromise 0 Many people still angry 0 Lots of dissatisfaction due to various compromises I Both sides Left and Right were unha ppy 0 Sets stage for Radical Phase of the Revolution Radical Phase 0 Actions of Louis XVI 0 He was not happy 0 Feels his powers are too limited 0 Cons pires against his own government o Asks other countries to help him overthrow his own government and regain absolute power 0 June 1791 0 Louis XVI tries to go to the border in efforts to gain troops amp suppo rt I Citizens nd out and capture him 0 Find out about his secret correspondence 0 1793 Louis XVI is executed I Outbreak of wa r between France Austria and Prussia o Outbreak of Civil War in France 0 Royalists vs NonRoyalists 0 Some believed that the government was too powerful 0 Government institutes a draft 0 New Taxes 0 Rise of Jacobins and their allies o Convinced that government didn t go far enough Maximillian Robespierre Most famous person of the French Revolution 0 National Convention September 1792October 1795 o Jacobin Society National Political Party 0 Wanted to create political democracy I Still didn t want women to vote 0 Extend the vote to all adult males 0 Abolish the Monarchy 0 Created all new constitution o Jacobins 0 Middle class amp Members of the Bouqesquise o Robespierre o Influenced by the ideas of the enlightenment o Influenced by Rousseau I Direct Democracy 0 Summer of 1793 o Jacobins dominate the National Convention 0 Committee of Public Safety I Given special powers to deal with States of Emergency I Jacobins dominate this committee 0 Robespierre and Jacobins decide to institute a military draft to create a citizen s army led by generals loyal to the revolution I Gave young men a signing bonus of money 0 Tried to organize everyone in France to get involved to fight and save the revolution I Women and children begin to get involved 0 Citizen armies turn out to be very effective in fighting I About 1000000 soldiers 0 One of the biggest armies Europe had ever seen 0 Committee of Public Safety seems to be effective I Civil war however was till really bad I Come up with quotReign of Terror to deal with problems of Civil War Reign of Terror Revolutionary Courts I Set up special courts to interrogate and try enemies of the Republic I Can carry out executions if need be Jacobins later accuse of using this as a weapon against their opponents o Begins in summer of July 1793July of 1794 I Execution of 40000 people I 500000 people arrested Guillotine 0 Created by Dr Joseph Guillotine o Believed this form of execution was more egalitarian 0 Everyone would die the same way 0 Thought it was more humane 0 Quick and simple 0 Typical victims were members of the third estate o 1794 People arrested Robes pierre in attempts to end the Reign of Terror 0 Chopped his head off 0 This ends the Radical Phase of the Revolution CounterRevolutionary Phase 0 Purge France of extreme radicals 0 Drew up Revolution of 1795 o 2house legislature 0 Executive body of 5 directors I aka quotThe Directory Real power begins passing to the military 0 0 Napoleon I Seizes political power in 1799 and ends French Revolution
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