POSI 2310 Ch 12
POSI 2310 Ch 12 2310
Popular in Principles of American Government
verified elite notetaker
Popular in Political Science
This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Marissa on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2310 at Texas State University taught by Joshua Quinn in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Principles of American Government in Political Science at Texas State University.
Reviews for POSI 2310 Ch 12
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/19/15
POSI 2310 Ch 12 The Presidency Leading a Nation 0 The presidency is the only institution that deals with both domestic and international issues I Foundations of the Modern Presidency a Article II of the Constitution i Broadly worded discussion of presidential power 1 Not specific president was a new concept 2 Didn t know what the presidency would entail ii National election and singular authority b The changing conception of the presidency i In the beginning 1 Jackson tied to the people claim broad leadership 2 Lincoln Civil War assertive decision ii Whig theory presidency was limited or restrained office iii Stewardship theory strong assertive presidential role 1 Theodore Roosevelt a First modern assertive President changed international trade permanently c The need for a strong presidency i Foreign policy leadership ii Domestic policy leadership d Four roles of the President i Commander in chief 1 Commands the Army and Navy and militia ii Chief executive 1 Make treaties grant pardons execute laws faithfully iii Chief diplomat 1 Will receive ambassadors and other public ministers iv Legislative leader 1 Can call Congress to session veto power II Choosing the Candidate a The nominating process has grown more democratic over time b Currently voters choose the presidential nominees through electing delegates to national party conventions i Invisible primary 1 Have one year to choose candidate they debate their issues and advertise ii Primaries New Hampshire first 1 Mini election for party iii Caucuses Iowa first 1 Large group negotiate people to nominate a candidate c Importance of money i Federal Election Campaign Act of 1974 1 If a candidate raises 5000 in 20 states heshe will get matching funds from the federal level to use during the primary but there are limits on state and national spending 2 Only federal nominee that got nominated and didn t take the federal funding was John McCain d Importance of momentum i If you do well in the early races it gives you more voter support later Representative makes decision for you Delegate makes the decision you tell them to g Four systems of presidential election i Original 17881828 1 Party nominees are chosen is congressional caucuses 2 Electoral college members act somewhat independently in their presidential voting ii Party convention 18321900 1 Party nominees are chosen in national party conventions by delegates selected by state and local party organizations a Delegates nominate candidate as they re told 2 Electoral College members cast their ballots for the popularvote winner in their respective states a Members are delegates during this time iii Party convention primary 19041968 1 As in system 2 except that a minority of national convention delegates are chosen through primary elections the majority still being chosen by party organizations iv Party primary open caucus 1972present 1 As in system 2 except that a majority of national convention delegates are chosen through primary elections h The national party conventions i Formally selects the party s presidential candidate ii Presidential candidate selects the vice presidential candidate 1 Appeal to more voters if vice president is a different party than President iii the party decides on a platform iv the party heals wounds and divisions from the nominating campaign 1 Some challengers will refuse vice presidential nomination if they lose the presidential nomination v The party presents its candidates to the voters 1 Let people know who they are where they re coming from I Choosing the President a Need 270 electoral votes in the Electoral College b Focus on battleground states i The quotUnit Rule 1 All electoral votes in a state go to whoever wins the majority don t split votes 2 2 exceptions Maine Nebraska c The importance of money i Advertising its expensive to fight these battles d The importance of using the media properly i Internet helps with fundraising ii Television and radio spread message e Constitutionalrequirements i At least thirtyfive years old ii Naturalborn citizen iii US resident for at least 14 years f Representation ratios i Population per delegate 1 USA 1 729000 2 Japan 1256000 3 Canada France 1 114000 4 Britain and Italy 1 97000 IV Staffing the Presidency a The vice president i Chosen by the president ii Given no authority from the Constitution Carter changed in 1977 b The Executive Office of the President EOP i Created in 1939 by Congress ii White House Office 1 Composed of several smaller offices 2 Communications Office 3 Office of the Press Secretary 4 Office of the Counsel to the President a President s lawyer 5 Office of Legislative Affairs a Helps President stay in contact with Congress iii Office of Management and Budget federal budget iv National Security Council foreign and military affairs v National Economic Council how keep economy going c Cabinet and agency appointees i Cabinet consists of 15 people ii Cabinet no longer used as an advisory body iii Members selected due to prominence in area environment education etc iv Half the Senate has to approve appointments v Appoints 200 ambassadors liaisons to over 200 countries d The problem of control i Most severe with appointees working in the departments and agencies outside of the White House V Factors in Presidential Leadership a Sense of direction ability to communicate b The force of circumstance i Periods of presidential dominance marked by special set of circumstances decisive election victory and a compelling national problem c The stage of the president s term i Honeymoon period 1 First year more things get done than rest of the term 2 President has a strong mandate a Mandate official order to carry out policy ii Decreased success over time especially in second term One president but two presidencies one foreign one domestic The nature of the issue foreign or domestic i Presidents have greater power with foreign policy ii Congress offers greater challenges over domestic policy f Relations with Congress i Seeking cooperation from Congress 1 Power of persuasion ii Benefitting from partisan support in Congress iii Colliding with Congress 1 Impeachment a High treason bribery high crimes and misdemeanor 2 War Powers Act a When possible the President should consult with Congress before sending military troops g More gets done when the presidential party is in control h Public support measures the President s success i Presidential approval ratings typically decrease over time ii State of the economy iii Foreign crises iv The televised presidency going public 1 President takes his message directly to the people tells them what he wants to do v Most presidents leave with lower approval ratings than they went in with VI The Illusion of Presidential Government a Negative press portrayals require the president to try to spin the story b Public expectation is high c President gets too much credit when things go well and too much blame when things go badly i President is less powerful than people assume
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'