Gender and Sexuality Studies 50A Week Three Notes
Gender and Sexuality Studies 50A Week Three Notes Gen & Sex 50A
Popular in Gender and Feminism
Popular in Women and Gender studies
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Joyce Nguy on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Gen & Sex 50A at University of California - Irvine taught by STAFF in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Gender and Feminism in Women and Gender studies at University of California - Irvine.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
101315 WEEK THREE GSSSO Medicine in Historical and Cultural Perspective 1 Key Concepts for review a b science is a social enterprise is embedded in society for every fact there is a fact maker what we come to understand as facts come from people producing those facts science and authority knowledge are interchangeable from 19th century on science produces knowledge what we think of as the truth science and the production of inequality i craniometry pseudoscientific methods cultural imperialism malthusianism and population control i conservative and liberal beliefs in population control western women and the civilizing mission i western women given a role to bring western ideas and values to primitive places 2 Key arguments for review a modern european imperialism mobilized a sexgenderrace system that categorized people into separate groups as a method of conquering and managing them gender is central to the symbolism and activities of nationalism and imperialism to make sense of imperialism we must see the connections between racial and sexual formations racial formations are intimately entangled in the policing of sexual reproduction eugenics happens both institutionally and within intimate life 3 lntersectionality a Significance of embodiment i why is the body of such great concern to GSS studies 1 scientists determine inequality ii who has authority over bodies 1 medicine and science 4 Biopower a forms of power exercised over persons specifically in so far as they are thought of as living beings a politics concerned with subjects as members of a population in which issues of individual sexual and reproductive conduct interconnect with issues of national policy and power management classification ordering sustenance of bodies and population i prison mental institution familyreproductionsexuality c new theory of power i productive instead of repressive ii from violence death to power life Medical Profession vs the Healing Arts a how have these two domains been distinguished historically i science and midwifery b Are they competing ways of knowing i competition between medical field and midwifery making money if so is this conflict gendered what are the power relations that surround this distinction consider categories of race gender class caste nationality sexuality Medicine and the civilizing mission a eliminating dirt incompetence barbarism b cleanliness of body was ever deemed to proceed from a due reverence to God c metaphors of rescue salvation redemption Exorcising the Midwives Ehrenreich and English a campaigns against midwives during 19th and 20th century US linked to racism b the modernization of medicine related to the process of professionalization of medicine c gendering of the medical profession midwives marginalized women excluded from medical education d gendered notions of scientificmedical authority e is the professionalization of medicine a sign of progress Midwifery model of care a monitoring the wellbeing of the mother b providing education c minimizing technological interventions d identifying and referring women who require obstetrical attention Women and Medicine in Colonial lndia David Arnold a why did Brits get concerned about the health of women in India in the 1860s and 1870s i it s part of the domain they re excluded from they want access to indian women as consumers b Goals of contagious diseases act of 1868 i concerned about health of British male soldiers not prostitutes or soldiers wives c British colonial medicine and political economy d what happened to the dais midwives under British colonial medicine i devaluing and marginalization e the significance of state medicine and lack of success in drawing a majority of Indians to hospitals i colonial hospitals seen as impure ii rise of anticolonial nationalism no 5 5 10 Parallel dynamics a british penetration of zenana paralleled the penetration of indian women s bodies and attempts at full hegemony gendered racialized and sexualized colonization b marginalization of midwives in US and in India how did the contexts and reasons for marginalizing them differ c British women doctors as agents of colonial hegemony but also marginalized by their British male counterparts 11 Female castration in america and biopower a lsaac Baker Brown invented clitoridectomy in 1858 for what purpose i mental illness b gynecological surgery performed in the US from the 1860 to about 1925 c women are still castrated for psychological problems until 1946 d intersectional analysis and the search for order i sexualized racialized and gendered forms of intrusion ii managed through institutionalized racism 1896 iii body as a site of power and control violence and medicalization 12 Sexual surgery in 19th century America a fear over loss of power and privilege among WASP men dirt germs impurities b control over women involved control over their sexual autonomy c why was women s sexual autonomy considered a disease d which bodies are more susceptible to scientific experimentation 13 Female genital cutting Rogaia Abusharaf a why does the practice of genital cutting continue in certain parts of Africa 14 Why does the practice persist a coming of age ritual purification ritual b intended to dull women s sexual enjoyment and make them marriageable c abolishing practice of cutting and the impact on notions of female identity d resistance to cultural imperialism andor community can cause local practices to increase or reemerge 15 Transnational feminist responseanalysis a question binary between choicelack of choice looking at practices bodily practices how to think about them embedded in historical context b women participate in the ritual for complex reasons identity belonging resistance to colonialism social construction of the body debate about lack of pleasure some women say they still experience pleasure FGC not most pressing issue for many women local responses critical self organization of women 16 Questions to consider a why do we object to female genital surgeries in Africa when they are done here as well b can we say that in the west women have choice but they don t in Africa 39 FDQF c what factors influence women s and other people s choices to alter their bodies d what does a feminist body politics look like e no clear and easy answer 101515 WEEK THREE LECTURE TWO key questions for today a what do we learn when we analyze the body as a site of control b who owns your body who owns women s bodies which group of people have greater control over what happens to their bodies c why are governments interested in human reproduction d what is the difference between fertility control and population control e what is the concept of reproductive justice key concepts for review a bipower b malthusianism and population control c medical profession and the search for order d medicine and the civilizing mission e eugenics Biopower a forms of power exercised over persons thought of human beings a politics concerned with subjects as members of a population in which issues of individuals sexual and reproductive conduct interconnect with issues of national policy and power b managing life and populations through institutional forms mental institutions family medicine what are rights a claims that we make in relation to a government the state that has the power to recognize us grant us rights or not recognize us refuse us rights b reproductive rights are legal rights and freedoms related to reproduction and reproductive health World Health Org definition of reproductive rights a google it b there are certain material possessions women need in order to make decisions about reproductive rights 6 Reproduction as a feminist issue a feminist movements mobilized 1 the sexual revolution 2 struggle for reproductive rights freedom and justice 3 the struggle for health care equality control over reproduction as key to political social and economic power and freedom feminist health movements emphasize patients needs informed consent and selfcare 7 The family limitation movement a socialfeminist movement 1890 to 1920 arguing for women s right to have control over her reproduction birth control in order to have equality between the sexes Comstock Law used against them can t circulate anything or publish things about sexuality moderate wing sought support of doctors and industrialists joined eugenics movement Moderate Sangerbelieved in control of reproduction rights from women but loved eugenics wanted to limit colored reproduction because she understood that in order to be full participants in society and make informed decisions in their lives they need to have a say of when to have children i example of deeply racist and elitist feminism ii thin line between choice and coercion 8 Biopower and birth control a b first oral contraceptive approved by the FDA in 1960 for use by women in 1965 the US Supreme Court in Griswold v Connecticut gave married couples the right to use birth control ruling that it was protected in the Constitution as a right to privacy However millions of unmarried women in 26 states were still denied birth control in 1972 the Court in Baird v Eisenstadt legalized birth control for all citizens of the US irrespective of marital status 9 Roe v Wade 1973 a Supreme Court decided that laws outlawing abortion violated right to privacy under 1st amendment and due process clause of 14th amendment pregnant women may abort her pregnancy for any reason up to the point of viability 28 weeks abortion after viability must be available when needed to protect a women s hea h 10 Biopower and abortion a b c Hyde Amendment 1976 fed funds medicaid for abortions eliminated in all cases but those involving rape and the risk of death or severe illness of pregnant women but medicaid covers birth control products and sterilization procedures CARASA argues for abortion and against sterilization from rights to freedom 11 lntersectional Analysis of reproductive rights a what is the connection between sterilization abuse and eugenics sterilization abuse not informed is a form of eugenics b which groups of women are more vulnerable to sterilization abuse why are they targeted poor women women of colors c why is the focus on the sterilization of women and not men biopower reinforces the idea of women as childbearing first control over sexual autonomy 12 Angela Davis on Sterilization abuse a cases of the Relf sisters b who authorized the sterilization c how was the department of health education and welfare involved d 1972 100000 to 200000 sterilization of low income women by fed gov 13 Sterilization and Racism a by 1975 24 of all native american women had been sterilized b between 19391970 over 13 of all women in Puerto Rico sterilized c 196473 65 of women in NC sterilized were black 35 white d 1970 43 of women sterilized through federally subsidized programs were black 14 California s sterilization history a increased rates of sterilization in California than in any other state 20000 between 19091960 i sterilized under the premise that the unfit should be removed from gene pool ii targeter poor white people as well as Mexican and Asian immigrants prisoners delinquents sexually active women 15 Close to home a supporter of the California law included Stanford s founding president David Starr Jordan and citrus magnate Ezra Gosney 16 Debunking myths about population control and fertility a world is approaching replacementlevel fertility b economics of family size changes as income increases children become consumers rather than producers c industrialized nations have lower birth rates but consume many more resources 17 Why some families have more children a agricultural economies labor b security when there is no welfare state c son preference education and activism to challenge this i also must look at the role of desires for certain genders in middleclass families ii infant mortality iii women s subordination 18 Infant mortality cause of high rates of birth a high infant mortality caused by poverty and malnutrition b bottlefeeding campaigns contribute to the problem of malnutrition and disease Nestle company c decline of breasteeding due to women working and lack of accessspacechildcare at work
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