Introduction to Sociology
Introduction to Sociology SOCY 110
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Maiya Abshire PhD on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOCY 110 at Radford University taught by Carla Corroto in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 7 views. For similar materials see /class/224677/socy-110-radford-university in Sociology at Radford University.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
Arielle Pollack SOCY 110 Chapter 1 Multiple Choice 1 A framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability Structural Functional Approach 2A framework for building theory that sees society as an arena that generates conflict and change SocialConflict Approach 3 SymbolicInteraction is a level orientation Micro 4 SymbolicInteraction focuses on Everyday interactions of individuals 5 Positivist sociology is based on Scientific Observation 6 Interpretive Sociology focuses on meanings attached to social world 7 Macrolevel deals with Broad focus TrueFalse 1 Differences in the behavior of females and males are just llhuman nature False 2 The first sociologist was Harriet Martineau True 3 People with more ties to society are more likely to commit suicide False Chapter 2 Multiple Choice 1 The ways of thinking acting and material objects that together form a people s way of life is Culture 2 SapirWhorf thesis states people see and understand the world through the cultural lens of language 3 is spoken as a native language by twice as many people in the world as Chinese English 4 Norms are Rules and expectations by which a society guides the behavior of its members SOCY 110 Test2 w Sociologicol imoginotion the obility to recognize the relotionship between lorge scole sociol forces ond the octions of individuols Porodigm on exomple that serves os 31 pottern or model for something especially one thot forms the basis of o methodology or theory Structurol functionol o theoreticol orientotion thot views society os 01 system of interdependent ports whose functions contribute to the stobility ond survivol of the system Sociol conflict 0 Mor39xist bosed social theory which orgues thot individuols ond groups sociol closses within society hove differing omounts of moteriol onol non moteriol resources the weolthy vs the poor ond thot the more powerful groups use their power in order to exploit groups with less power39 Symbolic interoction the process by which people oct ond reoct in relotion to others Ionifest function the kind of oction or octivity proper to or person thing or institution the purpose for which something is designed or exists Lotent function ony functionof on institution or other sociol phenomenon thot is unintentionol ond often unrecognized Stotus o sociol position thot or person holds Ascribed stotus o sociol position thot or person receives of birth or tolltes on involuntorily in life Achieved stotus o sociol position 0 person tolltes on voluntorily thot reflects personol obility ond effort Moster stotus or status thot hos speciol importonce for sociol identity often shoping o person39s entire life Role behovior expected of someone who holds 0 porticulor stotus Role Set to identify 0 number of roles ottoched to or single stotus Role Stroin the tension omong the roles connected to or single stotus Role Conflict conflict omong the roles connected to two or more stotuses Ethnomethodology the study of the woy people mollte sense of their everydoy surroundings Sociol construction of reolity the process by which people creotively shope reolity through sociol interoction Thomos theorem situotions defined os reol ore reol in their consequences Dromoturgicol onolysis the study of sociol interaction in terms of theotricol performonce Presentotion of self o person s efforts to creote specific impressions in the minds of others Nonverbol communicotion communicotion using body movements gestures ond fociol expressions rother thon speech Personol spoce the surrounding oreo which or person molltes some cloim to privocy Emotions feelings which ore held inside of us until we ore reody to express them Emotion monogement when we sociolly construct our emotions os port of our everydoy reolity Sociol construction of humor how someone uses humor to relote to someone or make 0 situotion less serious using humor 1 Which ferm defines who ond whof we ore in relofion fo ofhers Answer sfofus 2 In US sociefy which of fhe following is offen o mosfer sfofus Answer occupofion physicol or menfol disobilify ond roce or color oll of fhe obove Role sef refers fo Answer 0 number of roles offoched fo 0 single sfofus 4 Fronllt excels of foofboll of his college buf he doesn f hove enough fime fo sfudy os much os he wonfs fo The problem is on exomple of Answer role conflicf 5 The Thomos fheorem sfofes fhof Answer si ruofions defined os reol ore reol in fheir consequences 6 Which of fhe following is fhe correcf meon of presenfofion of self Answer efforfs fo creofe impressions in fhe minds of ofhers 7 Poul Elltmon poinfs fo whof os on imporfonf clue fo decepfion by onofher pemon 9 Hi all w Lilli lll i lll cuirr39lig Al 2 10 People ore lilltely fo gef o joke when fhey Answer undersfond fhe fwo differenf reolifies being presenfed Sociol group fwo or more people who idenfify wifh ond inferocf wifh one onofher Primom group or smoll sociol group whose members shore personol ond losfing relofionships normolly followed by primary relofionships Secondory group or lorge ond impersonol sociol group whose members peruse or specific gool or ocfivify lnsfrumenfol leodership refers fo group leodership fhof focuses on fhe complefion of fosllts Expressive Leodership group leodership fhe focuses on fhe group s well being Aufhoriforion leodership focuses on fhe insfrumenfol concerns follte personol chorge of decision moking ond demonds fhof group members obey orders Democrofic leodership more expressive mollting o poinf of including everyone in fhe decision mollting process Loissezfoire leodership ollows rhe group fo funcfion more or less on ifs own Conformify fiffing in provides 0 secure feeling of belonging Reference groups o social group fhof serves 05 o poinf of reference n moking evoluofions ond decisions ln group o sociol group foword which or member feels respecf ond loyolfy Ouf group o social group which or person feels or sense of compefifion or opposifion Groupfhink fendency of group members fo conform is resulfing in o norrow view of some Issue
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