Introduction to Religion
Introduction to Religion RELN 111
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abe Bruen on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to RELN 111 at Radford University taught by Susan Kwilecki in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 13 views. For similar materials see /class/224693/reln-111-radford-university in Religion at Radford University.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
1172008 Temperament Emotional Development Temperament Individ ual s behavioral style and characteristic way of emotional response Closely linked to personality Chess and Thomas Classifi ation Three basic types or clusters Easy child If cult child Slowtowarmup child 1172008 am 6 Kagan s Behavioral In Differences between children Shy subdued and timid r Sociable extraverted bold o Inhibition shows considerable stability from infancy through early childhood 2227 Developmental Connections Easy temperament Good adjustment Adjustment school and Difficult temperament marital problems Low assertiveness job Inh39b39t39on and school delays Good emotional control Good emotional contro W Developmental Contexts Nurture a Gender may be important factor that influences fate of temperament Many aspecE of child39s environment encourage or discourage persistence of temperament characteristics Goodness of Fit Match between child39s temperament and environmental demands Nature amp 6 1172008 m Parenting and Child s Temperament Nurture Some temperament characteristics pose more challenges than others 0 Management strategies that worked for one child may not work for next one Be sensiu39ve to individual characteristics of child Structure the child39s environment in provide as good a t as possible with child39s temperament Avoid labeling as dif cult childquot What Are Emotions Feeling or affect in a state or interaction characterized by Behavioral exprssion Conscious experience Physiological arousal Positive and negative ltpressions What Are Emotions Facial expressions of basic emotions Biological nature same across culturs When where and how to express emotions are not culturally universal Biological rootsbut shaped by culture and relationships 1172008 Emotional Regulation Effectively managing arousal to adapt and reach a goal Involves state of alertness or activation Slates can be too high for effective functioning Early Developmental Ch nges In Emotions Primary emotions 018mos Infant Crying Infant Smiling Fear Stranger Anxiety separation protest Self conscious emotions 18 2yrs Fear o First appears about 6 mos peaks at 18 mos a Stranger anxiety infant s fear and wariness of strangers intense between 9 and 2 mos Affected by social context siranger39s characteristics Individual variations Separation protest crying when caregiver leaves peaks about 15 months of 1172008 Separation Protst In Four Culturs zu Niiiiwnn immmm In a quotmu Ilblmul m minimin rpmquot Social Referencing a Reading emotional cues in others to help determine how to act in a specific situation v Ability improves in second year of life a Many 14 to ZZmontholds look at mother s face as source Emotional Regulation and Coping a InfanE use selfsoothing strategies for coping lt Later in infancy attention is redirected or infant uses distraction to cope a By age 2 toddlers use language e Contexts influence emotional regulation 1172008 Early Childhood Young children experience many emotions o SelfConscious Emotions Pride shame and guilt First appear about age 2V2 Gender and behavioral differencs exist Ability to re ect on emotions increass with age Emotional regulation affects peer relations Devehpmenlalchanges In Emotions During Middle and Late Childhood Adolescence a Time of emotional turmoil but not constantly o Emotional changes instantly occur with little provocation Girls more vulnerable in depression Adolscent moodinss is normal Hormonal changs and environmental experiences involved in changing emotions 1172008 SelfReported Extrema of Emotions by Adolscenls and their Pa renls I Munmm Mmimu mm 39 Adulthood Adapt more effectively when emotionally intelligent Developmental changes in emotion continue through adult years er Older adults have more positive emotions report better control of emotions ears Imelan
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