Sacred Texts of the West
Sacred Texts of the West RELN 203
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abe Bruen on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to RELN 203 at Radford University taught by Paul Thomas in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see /class/224697/reln-203-radford-university in Religion at Radford University.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
RELN 203 Final Exam Study Guide PreIslamic Arabia lifestyle Bedouin religion Jinn Hubal Al lillah etc Sunni believe caliph should be elected they consume the mast majority to 90 and are against hereditary leadership for leadership is a trust from the people this is more democratic They put a lot of stress on the 5 pillars and on life in God s hands Shi a 10 llfaction of Aliquot they argued that leadership should be hereditary which are called lmans which means teacher There have been lmans and they ruled up into the middle ages The last man was assassinated by a Sunni The 12 h mam is the Madhi savior figure when he appears Justice will appear as well Sufi mystical form of Islam is peaceful and nonviolent Abu Talib Abu Bakr 632634 is given successor and he is an early converter and the father to Muhammad s wife compilation on the Qur an He only lasted 2 years before he dies but he appointed Umar 634 as Caliph He lasted 10 years before assassinated 634644 Zayd bn Thabit personal scribe writer of Muhammad and an Ansar Ishmael figure in the Hebrew bible Qur an where he is Abraham s eldest son and first born Was the forefather of Muhammad Ramadan the month where Gabrielle appeared to Muhammad sustain from food sex and drink Khadija Muhammad s first wife who he converted Uthman Umayyad was the next caliph after Umar 644656 He was not very popular and many rumors went around about him saying he was a drunk and gambled He was also assassinated in 656 Single definitive edition and he ordered for all others to be destroyed that were competing against it What constitutes a true Qur an written in Arabic means to recite divided into Surah and there is 114 of them they are divided into verses Arranged by length longest first shortest last and the short is older then the longer ones The shortest ones come from his time in Mecca period and the longest from medina Shortest are more poetic and eschatology which is the end of times tends to focus on Allahs omnipotenre 96 is the first one 10 is one of the last ones Medina Surans focus on social issues and are less heated Night of Power is the anniversary of the night Muslims believe the first verses of the Qur an were revealed to the Islamic prophet Muhammad Ka ba sacred shrine in mecca where war and violence was prohibited built by Abraham and his son in it is a black stone that is believed to have been held by muhammad Traditions about Muhammad and his skills as a trader was born in Mecca 570 ce Was born to the Qurayoh tribe Both parents died when born was raised by uncle Abu Abu was a merchanttrader they were both not educated Muhammad takes over Abu s trade and becomes successful at it He is reflective and philosophical Muhammad dies in 632 almost all of Saudi Arabia is converted and he did not say who will lead on He was illiterate he could not read or write era when Muhammad is 40 he goes to Mt Hira and there he thinks and praysmeditates Ramadan Was choked into submission For many years he would meet with Gabrial for the next piece info Surahs types and characteristics Authorship of the Quran Points of comparison between Hebrew Bible and Qur an Sacrifice of Isaac as an example The Quran is the full final complete message of the new and old testament Written in Arabic which is the language of God Types ofjihad unofficial 6 h pillar to struggle or exert Many musslims understand it has a moral struggle greater Jihad lesser jihad violent defense People of the book Caliph Successor Madhisavior figure when he appears Justice will appear as well Hadith means talk or speech and are the reported actions and saying of Muhammad Become the basis for interpreting the Quran basis for Islamic law For 100 years it was passed around orally then after that it was written and there were 12 volumes 1 Sacred hadith divine revelations 2 Noble hadith MS personal life sayings Tawhid quotdoctrine of Oneness Godquot the concept of monotheism in Islam Fatwah in the Islamic faith is a religious opinion concerning Islamic Law Qiblah kiblah the direction that should be faced when a Muslim prays during salah Sword verses Night Journey Five Pillars know their Arabic names 1 Shahada creedal statement there is no God but Muhammad Tawidunity loneness of God 2 Salat prayer occurs 5 times a day starting a dawn and ending at evening The Mezzin are in charge of singing the quotcall to prayerquot Kiblah is finding the correct direction to pray Face
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