Lecture Notes Week 1 Anthro 131
Lecture Notes Week 1 Anthro 131 ANTH131
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kyle Roe on Friday January 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ANTH131 at a university taught by Gamble in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 242 views.
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Date Created: 01/09/15
Intro Dr Lynn Gamble HSSB 1059 T R 1112 gamble anthucsbedu 805 8937341 Lecture 1 Culture area geographic area where tribal groups are more similar to each other than culture areas surrounding them Culture area environmentally homo genous Adaptations to different areas create different ways of life California subarctic arctic southeast great basin southwest northwest coast Language diversity approximately 10 major language groups on the map shown Over 1000 languages spoken in north America Differences in language broadly reflect social differences Less linguistic diversity in the great basin because tribes are more nomadic need to travel to find food California39s linguistic diversity maybe due to natural boundaries Different types of anthropology 1 Cultural Anthropology Socio cultural analytical study of culture 2 Anthropological linguistics study of languages of traditional people 3 Archaeology study of past cultures through material remains 4 Ethnography description of cultures based on direct observationinterviews 5 Ethnohistory description of cultures based on written historical documents Ethnic North American languages are dying rapidly as elders die Language tied to culture losing a language means you lose unique cultural terms and ways of describing things East coast settled very early by Europeans Natives died of disease had their cultures changed drastically early on Southwest has very vibrant native cultures Memory ethnography Based on interviewing individuals who remembered traditional culture even though it no longer eXisted Fernando Librado Kitsepawit Chumash informant to John P Harrington parents born on chumash villages on eastern Santa Cruz Island Harrington got a huge amount of information from Kitsepawit published little but took prolific notes Culturalenthnograpgy entails immersing yourself in the culture you39re studying Missions would ask specific questions to Natives about geneologies and social status Some of the most reliable records we have Some records were lost to burning missions caused by native results based on shitty treatment Anthropological linguistics John Wesley Powell First widely accepted classification of n American native languages 1st head of Bureau of American Ethnology Lots of village sites on Channel Islands Lewis Henry Morgan began studying Iroquois in 1840s seen as father of anthropology in US Differing views on him cultural evolutionist thought societies went through evolution until civilized Studied social and political organization of Iroquois Franz Boaz super important Founded first anthropology department in n America at Columbia university fought scientific racism cultural evolution ethnographerlinguist worked extensively on native peoples of n America Scientific racism was prevalent the idea that some races are better than others Boaz looked at cultures on their own terms Cultural relativism we do not judge one culture being better than another IMPORTANT Realized some native languages were more complicated than English how can we claim English is better than those dialects Responsible for many early ethnographers extremely in uential to this day Alfred L Kroeber founded Berkeley department of anthropology student of Boaz Acculturation process by which a culture becomes modified through contact with a dominant population and its culture Contemporary studies Focus on native cultures as they are now Respect for concerns of people they study Some saw things that observed tribes told him to never tell anyone mostly keep their word Early enthnograhy evaluated in light of contemporary method and study Ex some focused on men without writing about women
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