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by: Riley Schnepf
Riley Schnepf
GPA 3.2
COM 310 Part I
Professor Guerrero

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About this Document

COM 310 Part I
Professor Guerrero
Class Notes
25 ?




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Popular in Communication Studies

This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Riley Schnepf on Friday January 9, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COM310 at Arizona State University taught by Professor Guerrero in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 167 views. For similar materials see COM 310 Part I in Communication Studies at Arizona State University.


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Date Created: 01/09/15
Attraction Individual Qualities I Defining attraction Q Attraction is a force that draws people together often by evoking interest or admiration Q Attraction is a multifaceted process 0 Attraction can be based on first impressions or on acquired knowledge about a person II Types of attractions 1 2 9599 6 Physical Sexual Largely based on the chemistry you feel with another person a Chemical The way your brain responds to someone Social Want to be around the person because they are fun Relational Long term relationship material based on having the same goals TaskOriented Attracted to someone because they help you achieve a goal Fatal Something you are attracted to in the beginning causes you to be dissatisfied and lead to a break up III PersonRelated Factors 0 Rewards What we look for in others varies by person culture and sex 0 Expectancies What we eXpect other people to be like sometimes based on stereotypes or past eXperiences IV Characteristics women find attractive in men 1 9 NQMPP N AmbitionFinancial success Intelligence Sense of humor Height Vshaped bodyModerately muscular physique Nice eyes Loyalty SensitivityAbility to listen and communicate well Smile V Characteristics men find attractive in women 1 8 999 9 Beautiful face including smile Hourglass shaped figure Sense of humor WarmthCaringNurturing Nice legs Easy to talk to Beautiful hair Intelligence VI Attributes of the Other Person 0 The HardtoGet Phenomenon 0 Hard to get but they re attracted to you O Moderately hard to get 0 Hard to get 0 Easy to get 0 Interpersonal Communication 0 Warmth humor altruistic behavior dominance Q The What is Beautiful is Good Hypothesis aka the halo effect Video Notes 0 Cosmetic surgery rates have tripled 0 Brain lights up when we see an attractive person males did not like seeing beautiful man or average women like to eliminate competition women like looking at attractive women and men helps them look at the competition 0 Lights up the addiction part of the brain 0 More attractive people healthy children 0 Attractive people make 12 more money in careers men benefit more VII Physical Characteristics Associated with Beauty 0 Facial symmetry O The more symmetrical the more the face is viewed as beautiful 0 Body symmetry 0 Athletes tend to be more symmetrical 0 Average facial proportions 0 Youth 0 Moderately high level of femininity or masculinity depending on seX VIII Physical Attractiveness Advantages within Relationships 0 Moderate to moderately high attractiveness more opportunity for relationships 0 Initial halo effect 0 Validation through social network 0 More social skill IX Physical Attractiveness Disadvantages within Relationships 0 The pedestal effect 0 Approachability Q Envy and resentment C More difficult adjustment to aging X The Chemistry Between Two People 0 Similarity Do birds of a feather really ock together 0 Common world view people think about the world in the same way we do helps understand and predict their behaviors O Effortless and enjoyable interaction 0 Similarity is reinforcing O The matching hypothesis physical attraction we look for people who match us on the scale of attractiveness Q Complementarity Can opposites attractive 0 Resource complementarity money amp looks social network possessions connections at work etc 0 Personality complementarity shy amp outgoing spontaneous amp cautious being talented in different things 0 SelfeXpansion letting yourself change in positive ways XI Social and Environmental Factors 0 Excitationaffect transfer eX The Bachelor and their high adventure dates 0 The closing time effect the later it gets the more attractive the person becomes 0 In uence from social networks 0 Disapproval spells doom Those whose opinion you value matters most 0 the Romeo and Juliet Effect Disapproval will push you together more 0 Proximity 0 the mere eXposure hypothesis the more you re around someone the more comfortable you become with them Q the environmental spoiling effect eXpectations are either too high or you initially dislike the person to begin with Uncertainty Reduction 1 Defining uncertainty 0 High Uncertainty Feeling unsure or insecure about your ability to predict or eXplain someone s attitudes and behaviors 0 Low Uncertainty Feeling confident in your ability to predict and eXplain someone s behavior often because they believe they know someone well 0 Self Uncertainty Uncertainty about your own feelings and how involved you want to be in a relationship 0 Partner Uncertainty Uncertainty about their partner s feelings and intentions including whether their partner reciprocates their feelings 0 Relationship Uncertainty Uncertainty about the general state of your relationship II Uncertainty in Initial Encounters General Principles 1 People seek information to reduce uncertainty during initial encounters with others 2 People can reduce uncertainty using passive active or interactive strategies a Passive unobtrusive observation b Active Using third parties or manipulating the environment c Interactive Direct verbal andor nonverbal communication 3 As uncertainty decreases attraction usually increases III Secret Tests 0 Asking third party tests 0 Directness tests 0 Triangle Tests 0 Fidelity tests 0 Jealousy tests Separation tests Endurance tests Public presentation tests Indirect suggestion tests Changing Relationships Stages Turning Point and Dialects I Coming Together Stages Stage 1 Initiating Q Focuses on initial encounters greeting rituals and opening lines 0 Disclosure is low in breadth depth frequency and duration 0 Disclosure is positively valenced as people try to be socially polite and make good impressions 0 Exception Stranger on the planetrain Stage 2 Experimenting Focuses on small talk breadth over depth with positive valence Establishing similarities and differences Determining whether to pursue a closer relationship Most relationships casual friends acquaintances do not move beyond this stage Stage 3 Intensifying 0 Movement from a casual relationship to a closer more committed relationship 0 In particular communication is marked by 0 Increased contact More indepth disclosure More relationship negotiation discussing feelings and the state of the OO relationship More social support Using future tense and we instead of I 00 Stage 4 Integrating Q Coupling occurs both within and outside the dyad so that the dyad has a relational identity 0 Social networks attitudes and preferences often merge Q Can sometimes finish each other s sentences 0 More freedom to disclose negative information Q HIgh levels of depth and breadth although complete disclosure is rare and not always beneficial Stage 5 Bonding 0 Public commitment via social rituals such as marriage 0 Relationship often becomes institutionalized 0 Significant barriers to breakup are erected such as merged social networks and shared possessions II Coming Apart Stage 1 Differentiating 0 Function to maintain individual identity and autonomy 0 Doing things separately 0 Stating differences of opinions Q Pursuing individual goals Stage 2 Circumscribing 0 Function to avoid indepth 0 Small talk and checking in statements are common 0 Avoid any communication that could cause con ict 0 Circling around certain issues Stage 3 Stagnating 0 Function to achieve psychological separation 0 Communication is at a standstill Q The relationship seems caught in a rut 0 Sometimes partners feel like they are walking on eggshells around one another Stage 4 Avoiding Function to achieve physical separation sometimes as a testing ground Ignore or stop talking to the partner Move out of proximity of the partner Spend more time with other people Stage 5 Terminating 0 Function to break up while minimizing negative affect and negative consequences 0 Break up strategy unilateral or bilateral Q Refining the break up story


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