Lecture notes 10/12 - 10/14
Lecture notes 10/12 - 10/14 4131W
U of M
Popular in History of Graphic Design
Popular in Graphic Design
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abbi Stark on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 4131W at University of Minnesota taught by Barbara Martinson in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 39 views. For similar materials see History of Graphic Design in Graphic Design at University of Minnesota.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
19th Century Publications Primarily Newspapers tell us about beliefs political situation and aesthetics of time period Le Charivari 1832 1937 Paris Newspaper Caricatures of political cartoons goal including a drawing every day forms a basis for illustrative journalism under rule of Louis Philippe Charles Filippone and brother challenged the king work around the censor sometimes they would be fined for slander Text of the Sentence for Libel 1834 France reproduced the text in the shape of a pear Travel literature People would make their gardens appear old Scribner s one of the most popular illustrated magazines in the US The Questioner of the Sphinx Elihu Vedder Influenced by William Blake formed Art Libertas in Italy Herman Melville Heatwave Harper s Weekly August 1879 0 Highest circulation rate 200000 0 Employed some of the best known illustrators Q Winslow Homer Livingston Hopkins 0 Thomas Nast political cartoons 1862 0 developed animals for democratic and republican parties 0 designed Santa Claus Sensational stories Tragedy in a Butcher Shop colored wood engraving 1892 France color added by hand women hired to hand color illustrations Q conveys drama action filled 0 almost like we see it happening although it happened in the past 0 Providing information for a civilized society The Penny magazine the working class Society of Diffusion of Useful Knowledge s program for reform educate rise up lowermiddle class to be more knowledgeable goal of magazine to be affordable sold for a penny loyal group of readers increased viability of weekly magazines put out of business by competitors inspiring influencing good and proper behavior 1842 Britain increasingly about working classmiddle class relevancy Q The Penny Sunday Chronicle 0 Illustrations of working class doing jobs Daily Chronicle 1831 Organized sales for products 0 Porcelain teeth Chests pianos boat rides hats forerunners of classified ads Illustration from The Colored American Specialized publications women and minorities Free black people peaceful emancipation of slaves Carrache Les Modles Parisiennes directed towards women fashion Gody s Lady s Book Fashion Traditional roles for women hand colored criticized by feminists however many of the writers were women Joseph Adams Harper s Illuminated and New Pictorial Bible 1846 Q reminiscent in current production of hand lettered St Johns bible published in partsvictorian publication 0 decorative illustration patterns borders letterforms Q 15 years before civil war in NYC 0 publishing event of 1800 s most heavily illustrated bible ever printed King James version 1600 detailed illustrations 200 cover a third of the page well known artists commissioned worked for 6 years electro type tech woodcut illustrations another lecture for process so expensive had to sell bible in parts Linotype machine Otto Mergenthaler Metal typecasting 0 increased speed and convenience in setting the type 0 assembling matrices casting molten metal into them in a single machine 0 revolutionized typesetting and newspaper publishing cold type individual bits of type hot type linotype machine both overtaken by photo based typesetting things have really sped up 19th Century Advertising The Amusement of a Bill Sticker Lincoln and Johnson election poster 1861 0 square mixed fonts 0 bold high impact 0 hayday of wood printing read textbook section 0 explosion of using large letters cheap to produce easy to print with light variable letter forms appealed to public 0 router route out negative shapes 0 pantograph project make letterforms consistent Sales Announcement England 1829 Q slaves advertised people were property 0 seeing the advertising made it real Cataract Washing Machine 1860 US Health Jolting Chair 1890 equivalent to Flatten your abs in 2 hours a week lol Entertainment Ads American National Caravan poster 1831 James Reilley John Obrien s Circus Decorative visual elements to be used for businesses Cafe menu wine lists Typewriter 0 Automation of business 0 ability to produce typed documents 0 became standard for professional practice Victor Lawn Mower Ad Chromolithography several stones used for primary colors when printed produced all spectrum colors black plate included for added tone or contour definition image applied to stone with grease based crayon built on oil and water don t mix image drawn onto stone stone gummed and inked passed through printing press transfers stone image to piece of paper each color in an image is separately drawn on stone and printed with a single color OG CMYK riverside Print Company CarryUsAll Poster Rouchon Spectacles Concerts poster 1845 France TA Steinlen father of chromolithography used it and pushed the boundaries 19th Century Trade Cards fun advertising gimmicks of the time period consumer habits what people valued marketing techniques common for storekeepers to give you an advertising card with your purchase 1876 Chromolithography took these cards to the next level bright colors prints posters labels trade cards cheap easy way to advertise created cards in a series so people would collect each card in a series development of specific consumer markets increased competition for shoppers Stock cards in terms of shapes 0 buy shape itself imprint what you want on top 0 cute kids usually sell products fairly well an advertising strategy that is still used today A lot of health products some that worked a lot that did not similar to today Calendars 0 China influences dragons flowers eyeballs Q distributed for free by manufacturers 0 people would buy things just to get the free giveaways Q sometimes specific sometimes mass produced Early examples of modern business cards 0 Increasingly sophisticated designs 0 making use of latest advances in color printing 0 people would collect them Advertising strategy for cards 0 before and after 0 if you don t use this product this is what will happen to you comparison side by sides less perfect photoshopped images of people and animals grittier illustration alcohol advertising campaigns Interactive cards 0 Interactivity is not a recent phenomenon 0 put them up to light 0 turn a dial 19th Century Children s Books designed and published in great numbers sweet and innocent brutal or clumsy Walter Crane Randolph Caldecot Kate Greenaway real and dangerous world English excelled in color illustration hand colored wood engravings or etching color lithography bright and wonderful images Grandeville Apocalypse of the Ballet 1844 France Walter Crane Anthropomorphization Another World Wood engravings unusual in history of illustration drawings completed first then author added text vivid and bizarre designed over 50 children s books extremely popular influenced by preraphaelites William Morris medieval design and subject matter Renaissance art Japanese prints developed theories on Line amp Form children appear to see most things in profile well defined forms and bright frank colors children s imaginations should be freshly and continuously stimulated Randolph Caldecott 18803 England illustration Caldecott medal awarded annually by Association of Library Service to Children most distinguished American picture book for children also published novels and accounts of foreign travel well rounded illustrator Kate Greenaway A Day in a Child s Life daughter of a wood engraver studied art in south kensington Q worked with painter lady butler mentor ChristmasValentines greeting cards 0 designed book illustrations for printer 0 delicate quiet style 0 precision oriented Beatrix Potter The Tale of Peter Rabbit 1902 England 0 taught at home studied art 0 shy and reserved 0 flourished in illustrations 0 won critical acclaim of fellow artists Little Girls Should Never Climb explicit and terrifying imagery acts that might put themselves in danger Struwwelpeter strange and dire circumstances thumb sucking demon Joseph Platea Swing Phenakistoscope picture disk 1832 France sequential images making moving pictures History of France colored lithograph 1900 France sequences shown in blocked off images with text and image precursor to comic books John Tenniel illustration for Alice s Adventures in Wonderland 1865 England method begin with pencil sketches then inkchinese white drawings then transfer to wood block with tracing paper then drawings engraved to highest standards by professional engraver electrotype plates from wood engravers used for printing duplicate plates English Arts and Crafts reaction to Victorian excess and perceived lack of taste garishness of typical Victorian graphics fabrics interiors quality of products had decreased excessive stuff Owen Jones Wales The Grammar of Ornament 1856 0 Grid System Modular format industrial production looking back and hand drawn patterns 0 Chromolithography technical show piece 0 foreign surface ornaments Q hallmark of movement 1880 1910 0 Improve everyday artifacts of the masses 0 social concerns about workforce O utopian 0 creating a better world with objects 0 gothic style as model 0 things were made by hand crafts people took pride in their work Q return to craft guilds 0 return to craft guilds 0 Japanese influence 0 color flatness of forms aesthetic Q handcrafting vs machine 0 0 Pickering 0 title page for the Book of Common Prayer 0 1844 England Contrast 0 services in Gothic churches cathedrals Pickering pages from the Elements of Euclid 1847 England color simple graphic imagery teach geometry quickly William Morris England 1834 1896 Writer designer political leader rich socialist 0 anyone should be able to own aesthetically satisfying and beautifully crafted things expensive drew inspiration for his forms from medieval art and botany Founder of English Arts and Crafts movement Reaction to industrial mass production and low quality Philosophy I shall not have anything in my house that is not beautiful or useful pivotal figure in history of design 0 Theology 0 Medieval History and Poetry 0 Architecture 0 Painter The Nature of Gothic Kelmscott Press 189 Design WmMorris Author John Ruskin Cobden Sanderson page from th eDoves Press Bible 1903 TJ CobdenSanderson Emery Walker promote pure typography rejected heavy ornementation seen in Moriss s books threw his type in the river maybe
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