10.1 what are emotions?
10.1 what are emotions? psych1
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Eiphyllis on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to psych1 at Tufts University taught by Thomas, Mascher, Remedios, Howard in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see introduction to psychology in Psychlogy at Tufts University.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
too many different emotions existed for there to be a unique autonomic pattern for each misattribution for arousal for affection more common DONT Suppress the thou ht You end up thinking about it more after controlling emotion it might blow up a feeling useleslly ruminate in the thou ht istract yourself ex fear of flying talk to the woman next to you about politics s that make you feel a certain wa reframe how you thmk Of It for ex fear tell yourself the movie is fake the emotion laughing in these situations helps people distance themselves from their negative emotions and it find humor strengthens their connections to other people anger fear sadness disgust happiness suprise and contempt basic emotions primar emotions innate evolutionarily adaptive and universal shared across cultures blends of primary emotions lt remorse guilt submission shame love bitterness and jealousy secondary immediate specific positive or negative response to processing of emotion in the amygdala is a circuit that environmental events or internal thoughts has developed over the course of evolution to protect animals from danger brain structure most Important for emotional learning as in the development of classically conditioned fear responses damage to the amygdala do not develop conditioned fear responses to objects associated with dangerous objects ammdaia 39os eh ledoux fake it till you make it gt facial feedback hypothesis smiling Will make you happy even if you re not perception of bodily responses leads to emotion emotion trigger changes in thought or behavior a physiological response behavioral response affect subjective experience of emotion but NOT the emotion itself based on cognitive appraisal of the situation and interpretation of bodily states feeHng i 70 e affect and negative affect are independent positive activation associated with increase in dopamine some emotions have similar physical responses increased heart rate but are interpreted differently exercise changes body but doesn39t produce specific emotion negative activation associated with increase in norepinephrine t eories of emotion emotions plotted against two continuums valence cannon ard theory how positive or negative they are people experience two separate things at roughly the same time an emotion produced in the cortex and physical reactions produced in the body similarities bw bodily responses makes it too difficult for people to tell what they are experiencing across populations ex after exerCIsmg the body slowly returns to its baseline state Residual arousal symptoms include an elevated heart rate After a few minutes most people will have caught their breath and may not realize their bodies are still aroused During this interim period they are likely to transfer the residual excitation from the exercise to any event that occurs circumplex model how arousmg they are arousal categorizing emotions physiological activation excrtation transfer increased autonomic responses se longlasting emotional states that do not have an identifiable object or trig er often people are in good or bad moods but don39t have an idea why misattribution of arousal influence thought and behavior rather than interrupt moo what is happening undifferentiated h siolo icalaro schachtersinger two factor theory men interviewed on the less stable bridge were more likely to call the interviewer and ask her for a date phySIcal response to stimuli is the same external explanation or you will make up what you believe is the cause look for a source of the bodil used in a rough general way rather than linking specific brain areas to specific emotional functions In contrast when participants received adrenaline but were not given information about its effects they were just as aroused as the informed group but they did not know why While they attributed their feelings to what was happening in the environment participants in the informed group did not subjective judgment as to whether the arousal indicates decep on When participants received adrenaline but were told how their bodies would respond to the drug they had an easy explanation for their arousal They attributed it to the adrenaline not to the situation confirmation bias lie detectors subcortical brain regions involved in emotion limbic system consists of brain structures that border the cerebral conex polygraph many brain structures outside the limbic system are involved in emotion and that many limbic structures are not central to emotion per se records breathing rate and heart rate signs of arousal subjective awareness of bodily states such as sensing your heartbeat feeling hungry or needing to urinate receives and integrates somatosensory signals from the entire body lie detector test result may be due to nervousness and falsely indicate insula lymg compare arousal to normal state of indIVIdual most im ortant structures involved particularly active when people active when people perience disgust or observe disgust in others39 faces decipher the emotional meanings of other people s facial expressions important for acting on emotions various regions of the prefrontal cortex perception of social stimuli modifies how the hippocampus consolidates memory especially memory for fearful events playsarole in storin emotional events into emor generates immediate emotional and behavioral reactions had part of amygdala removed to reduce seizures had epilepsy amygdala pathways quotquick and dirtyquot slow path damage to insula interferes with experience of disgust and recognizing disgust in others39 facial expressions responds to other emotional expressions but the effect is greatest for fear trustworthiness amygdala response to fear expressions in others warns of potential dangers to you amygdala can be activated even by neutral facial expressions but this effect occurs only in people who are chronically anxious can tell smile from frown interpersonal judgments unusually friendly with people they don39t know damage leads people to be unable to make emotions such as fear strengthen memories adaptive mechanism that helps us to remember harmful situations and thus potentially avoid them processes the emotional significance of stimuli intelligence intact good IQ took college classes cannot acquire fear response with classical conditoning prepares animals to respond to a threat processes sensory info almost instantaneously info travels quickly thru the thalamus directly to the amygdala for priority processing leads to more deliberate and more thorough evaluations thalamusgtcortex visual or auditorygtamygdala