Week of March 21-25
Week of March 21-25 ENGL 2250 - 001
Popular in American Literature before 1865
ENGL 2250 - 001
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Callisa Ruschmeyer on Wednesday March 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 2250 - 001 at Auburn University taught by Julia Tigner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see American Literature before 1865 in Foreign Language at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 03/23/16
March 11and 21-25 March 11 – Draft Workshop – No class notes March 21 – No class: writing Day – No class notes Henry David Thoreau, Civil Disobedience Purpose: sharing opposition to the government Does not want to pay the poll tax, so gets put in jail Someone else pays his bail to free him (without Thoreau's approval) Civil: nonviolent, honorable 1. Reasons for not paying the tax o No support for the Mexican American War- page 884 and 915 The government should not have this power to clump all American's in support of the war o The tax is not reciprocal- he does not benefit at the same level he is expected to give o Not a church member 2. Thoreau's Topics o Premise: Majority rules can't be just (912) o Arguments: The rules treat people like machines, not as individual humans (912) "All men recognize the right of revolution…when its tyranny or its inefficiency are great and unendurable." (913) Conscience is up to the individual- majority conscience do not always apply to the masses There are opposing viewpoints- therefore, the majority should not make all the laws because the minority might oppose 3. "Civil Disobedience" in regards to "pure Transcendentalism" o Thoreau is less radical than Emerson o Quote about competition of plants- everyone has own ideas, but the best one will prevail Must be practical when being an individual- which viewpoint is more sustainable o Page 928- every person must trust in their own intuition- therefore, when the group makes a decision, all ideas offered is made with each person's intuition behind it o Page 223- prison experience described Thoreau wanted to absorb all he could from jail- wanted to talk to his cell mate and such Talks about prison in a different way- transcends the ordinary ail experience though new intuition Creates a new "truth" about the jail institution and the people he meets there 4. Thoreau vs. Emerson Page 913 vs. paragraph 7 (page 643) o Paragraph 7- page 643 Emerson writes about the 3 people: Advisor, Bigot, Philanthropist Paragraph on 644- show people you give outside of your home People who are most outspoken are not necessarily committed to the right ideas Page 913: connection- Thoreau talks abot the philanthropists in civil disobedience The society is backwards- the people who are not whole-heartedly giving are better recognized Page 917 and 920 vs. Emerson's writing o Page 917- don’t just be in the majority diabolical vs. divine Perception vs. performance Change must start with the individual Break from family if they have differing views from you o Page 920- why people do not rebel Last sentence Be yourself apart from society Edger Allen Poe Talks about death Consolation literature The speaker morns death of lover "The Raven" 1. Why is the speaker reading at the beginning? The speaker hopes that it is Lenore knocking at the door He is depressed and wants reading to help his feelings, but it doesn’t 2. How does the speaker's mood change after the raven enters the room? At first, the speaker is amused by the bird and hopes he can distract him from the grief- but the Raven does not do that Look at lines 81-83 3. Questions in lines 85-95 First question- is there any relief or resolution in my future The bomb- will relief come; will I ever be okay with Lenore leaving me? 4. Repetition of Nevermore The raven continues to answer using this word Does not give the speaker any comfort- discourages his thoughts of Lenore coming back The Philosophy of Composition Start with the ending Decide what effect you with to work with o For Poe- he is trying to create the effect of: Sadness Nostalgia Know where you are heading = know the ultimate goal Keep the literary work short o Rationale: the affairs of everyday life will impact how the reader comprehends the work Work hard to perfect your writing; a great work requires toil and sweat Speaks about a beautiful dead woman Questions o Signs of "self-torture" in "The Raven" Idea of the raven- he is a parrot- he just mechanically is answering this one word Causes the speaker to feel even worse o Cultural obsession with beautiful dead women Beautiful women are held to a higher standard More is lost when they die- they are supposedly more important How does Poe illustrate poetic beauty- did not finish discussing in class
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