Psych Notes Chapter 14
Psych Notes Chapter 14 PSYC 110 - 008
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PSYC 110 - 008
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Mayes on Wednesday March 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 110 - 008 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Alexander Malik Khaddouma in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see General Psychology - in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 03/23/16
3/21/16 Psych Notes 3/21/16 Chapter 14: Personality Personality - People’s typical ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving - Looking for patterns in thinking feeling, and behaving across settings - Theories of personality o Freud o Adler o Jung o Horney o Rogers o Big 5 Sigmund Freud - Psychoanalytic Theory o Levels of Conciousness ID Sexual impulses, Basic Needs, Survival Ego Middle layer of consciousness What you experience in the present Balance the other two Minimize conflict Superego What society tells you to create your drives o Defense mechanisms arise from conflict between the levels of consciousness o Sexuality as driving force behind motivations Alfred Adler - Student of Sigmund Freud 3/21/16 - Motivation arises not from sexuality, but from need for superiority (or “place in the world”) - Leads to individual styles of life to achieve this goal Carl Jung - Complicated theory of personality based on heritable cultural “memes” - Collective societal unconscious - Which contains numerous archetypes (symbols or patterns in stories) Karen Horney - Feminist psychology - Asserted that Freudian and neo-Freudian theories emphasized gender dichotomies which favored men - Many Psychological issues arise due to civil issues that subjugate minorities Carl Rogers - Humanistic theory of personality and therapy o Focuses on experience of the individual - Focuses on finding “true self” - Conditions of worth are information we obtain from our surroundings about how we should behave to get approval - Sometimes conditions of worth cause us to act differently than we are genetically inclined The Big 5 - OCEAN o Openness to experience o Conscientiousness o Extraversion o Agreeableness o Neuroticism 3/23/16 Psych Notes 3/23/16 Chapter 14: Personality Measuring Personality - Empirically-based (Structured) Measures o Based on factor analysis and careful item selection o Pros Based on empirical evidence Validity can be measured o Cons Can be easy to “fudge” Social desirability less likely to influence responses o “Likert Scales” On a scale of 1 to 5 Better at capturing change o True or False Less able to capture change - Projective Measures o Ambiguous stimuli that person “projects” personality characteristic unto through their interpretation o Pros Harder to “fudge” Social desirability less likely to influence responses o Cons Harder to demonstrate empirical validity Sometimes require subjective interpretation - Myers-Briggs Personality Test o Attempts to categorize people based on personality “typologies” o http://www.humanmetrics.com/cgi-win/jtypes2.asp - Projective Measures o Based on ability to see patterns and create stories about visual stimuli o Normed on national samples of people Certain responses fit with certain personality characteristics Effective at detecting psychotic disorders 3/23/16 Personality and Well-Being - Humans are able to stress mainly about social and psychological matters o Means that perceived stressors can be constant - Personality style partially determines what kinds of things are stressful and how to compensate for stress - Biggest Predictors: o Hostility o Reliance on repression “Over-controlled Hostility” o Generalized Anxiety - Often respond “in extremes” on personality tests
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