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Psych Notes Chapter 14

by: Katie Mayes

Psych Notes Chapter 14 PSYC 110 - 008

Katie Mayes
GPA 3.56

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About this Document

These notes include: Notes for Week of 3-21-16, diagrams, pictures, examples, vocab, important terms, in-class examples
General Psychology -
Alexander Malik Khaddouma
Class Notes
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katie Mayes on Wednesday March 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 110 - 008 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Alexander Malik Khaddouma in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 54 views. For similar materials see General Psychology - in Psychlogy at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.


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Date Created: 03/23/16
3/21/16 Psych Notes 3/21/16 Chapter 14: Personality Personality - People’s typical ways of thinking, feeling, and behaving - Looking for patterns in thinking feeling, and behaving across settings - Theories of personality o Freud o Adler o Jung o Horney o Rogers o Big 5 Sigmund Freud - Psychoanalytic Theory o Levels of Conciousness  ID  Sexual impulses, Basic Needs, Survival  Ego  Middle layer of consciousness  What you experience in the present  Balance the other two  Minimize conflict  Superego  What society tells you to create your drives o Defense mechanisms arise from conflict between the levels of consciousness o Sexuality as driving force behind motivations Alfred Adler - Student of Sigmund Freud 3/21/16 - Motivation arises not from sexuality, but from need for superiority (or “place in the world”) - Leads to individual styles of life to achieve this goal Carl Jung - Complicated theory of personality based on heritable cultural “memes” - Collective societal unconscious - Which contains numerous archetypes (symbols or patterns in stories) Karen Horney - Feminist psychology - Asserted that Freudian and neo-Freudian theories emphasized gender dichotomies which favored men - Many Psychological issues arise due to civil issues that subjugate minorities Carl Rogers - Humanistic theory of personality and therapy o Focuses on experience of the individual - Focuses on finding “true self” - Conditions of worth are information we obtain from our surroundings about how we should behave to get approval - Sometimes conditions of worth cause us to act differently than we are genetically inclined The Big 5 - OCEAN o Openness to experience o Conscientiousness o Extraversion o Agreeableness o Neuroticism 3/23/16 Psych Notes 3/23/16 Chapter 14: Personality Measuring Personality - Empirically-based (Structured) Measures o Based on factor analysis and careful item selection o Pros  Based on empirical evidence  Validity can be measured o Cons  Can be easy to “fudge”  Social desirability less likely to influence responses o “Likert Scales”  On a scale of 1 to 5  Better at capturing change o True or False  Less able to capture change - Projective Measures o Ambiguous stimuli that person “projects” personality characteristic unto through their interpretation o Pros  Harder to “fudge”  Social desirability less likely to influence responses o Cons  Harder to demonstrate empirical validity  Sometimes require subjective interpretation - Myers-Briggs Personality Test o Attempts to categorize people based on personality “typologies” o - Projective Measures o Based on ability to see patterns and create stories about visual stimuli o Normed on national samples of people  Certain responses fit with certain personality characteristics  Effective at detecting psychotic disorders 3/23/16 Personality and Well-Being - Humans are able to stress mainly about social and psychological matters o Means that perceived stressors can be constant - Personality style partially determines what kinds of things are stressful and how to compensate for stress - Biggest Predictors: o Hostility o Reliance on repression  “Over-controlled Hostility” o Generalized Anxiety - Often respond “in extremes” on personality tests


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