LECTURE 3 -Morphology
LECTURE 3 -Morphology LIN 001
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isabella DeCredico on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to LIN 001 at University of California - Davis taught by D. Corina in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 123 views. For similar materials see Intro Linguistics in Linguistics and Speech Pathology at University of California - Davis.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
LECTURE 3 MORPHOLOGY KEY PROPERTIES OF HUMAN LANGUAGE 0 Parts of language that are rearranged parts to a whole units of language to make up a whole ie pre xes and suffixes Subparts that can be rearranged to make a new meaning 0 Hear sentences that you have never heard before but understand them ie quotdopequot quotThat car is dopequot 0 Talk about things that are not present ie past or future events Exceptions beedance when locating food source however it is restricted This is why we believe human language is unique typically animals do not have these same properties LANGUAGE AND THOUGHT There is a distinction between language and thought Ones own language determines what you can think about ie in the sense of time if a culture does not talk about past or present they don t experience it false 0 language we speak determines how we perceive o Hypothesis has been shown to be false 0 weaker form of hypothesis claims language in uences our perceptions of the world There is evidence for this ie Hopi Indians and sense of time Support for hypothesis is our ability to translate languages MORPHOLOGY We are sensitive to the composition of words Our tacit knowledge of words OUR KNOWLEDGE OF WORDS Knowing a particular sequence of sounds is associated with a particular meaning 0 Words are part of our Captures both our conscious and unconscious knowledge of words Grammatical class 0 Sounds and meaning relationships how we use words in language 1 hOW words are spelled WORD FORMS Content words vs Function words denotes concepts such as actions objects attributes and ideas 0 Nouns verbs adj adverbs 0 Clear meaning and reference ie cat 0 Semantically heavy 0 New words area easily added ie Facebook grammar o Conjunctions pronouns articles ie and but the a he will 0 No clear meaning or concept associated with it ie the o Specify grammatical relations ie quotquotJane went to the store She bought milkquot 0 Rarely let new words in Aphasia trauma to the brain that is evidence of content vs function words 0 Damage to left hemisphere of brain Broca s Aphasia lose function words ie Boy cookie fall 0 Damage to right hemisphere Wernicke s Aphasia errors with content works 0 Brain encodes in selective ways to use content and function words Language acquisition 0 Content words are learned early on 0 Function words are learned later Grammar makes a distinction between open and closed forms see thins in performance ie slips of the tongue stutters
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