Critical Theory PSC 1003
Popular in Introduction to International Politics
Popular in Political Science
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kerrigan Unter on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 1003 at George Washington University taught by Olson, L in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 14 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Politics in Political Science at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
PSC 1003 Critical Theory Assumptions Systemic structure is capitalist System is ordered hierarchically based on an international division of labor 0 Core the developed world 0 Periphery the developing world 0 Semiperiphery states that fall in between Primary actors are transnational capitalist elites and the masses 0 Emphasize the role of MNCs 0 States play a role in the sense that they are executive arm of the transnational capitalist class Interests are determined according to economics and are constrained by the capitalist structure of the system Imperialism An important focus for critical theorists particularly because it demonstrates the dynamic nature of capitalism Traditional imperialism emphasizes the direct control of colonies by the imperial power 0 Hobson serves as a safety valve for the imperial power 0 Lenin the highest stage of capitalism allows the postponement of capitalist crisis Legacy of Colonialism Important in the development of dependency theory 0 Developed in Latin America 0 Argues that the core states engage in the active underdevelopment of the periphery 0 Peripheral states serve an important role in the international division of labor As such core states will actively interfere in the periphery in order to prevent them from developing NeoImperialism With changes in capitalism and with globalization the systemic structure has changed 0 While the transnational capitalist class is still the primary player MNCs and international financial institutions work together with states to preserve dependent relationships in the system 0 MNCs work with elites in the developing world in a race to the bottom that hurts workers in both the developing world and in the developed 0 International financial institutions like the IMF exist to soften up the developing world by imposing structural adjustment programs in line with the Washington Consensus 0 Organizations like the WTO create a system of managed capitalism that bene ts the core states but does not in fact address the barriers to trade that impede development in the developing world Critical Theory A Normative Approach While critical theorists do not believe that the global capitalist system will be overthrown they do argue that the system is unjust and that changes need to be made Point to the communications revolution as an important tool in resisting the capitalist class 0 The Internet allows attention to be brought to local struggles that would have been invisible and most likely suppressed 30 years ago