U.S. Music & Culture (FA, DV)
U.S. Music & Culture (FA, DV) MUSC 1040
Salt Lake Community College
Popular in Course
Popular in Music
verified elite notetaker
This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Itzel Littel on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to MUSC 1040 at Salt Lake Community College taught by Lynn Brown in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 37 views. For similar materials see /class/225127/musc-1040-salt-lake-community-college in Music at Salt Lake Community College.
Reviews for U.S. Music & Culture (FA, DV)
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 10/19/15
The Modern Drum Set Driving the Rhythm of Change in America Jeffrey Ringle A synthesis and comparison ofthe socioeconomic cultural religious and musical effects the invention of the drum kit has had on America since its invention circa 1900 MUSIC 1040003 Lynn Brown Perhaps the greatest American musical feat was the invention of the foot pedal and the modern drum kit The drum kit epitomizes American ingenuity and the diversity that melted into what became American music It s central role in the development of American music owed out into American culture as music became more commercialized industrialized and secularized As it did the modern drum set along with the music it drove became more and more in uential in American culture The history of drums and their close connection to religion ritual and rhetoric goes back to the beginning of civilization in the Indus Tigris and Euphrates valleys and is too comprehensive to discuss in detail in this context Hart As early as 1623 Turkish metalworkerAvedisZildjian had perfected a process of treating alloys to make musical cymbals that is essentially still in usetoday However the acceptance of drums into American culture was brought about mostly by the military and it s need for snare and bass drummers also cymbals in the case of some Eastern armies Had war not driven the need for loud and striking rhythm drums may not have made their way to America especially in light of the cultural intolerance in America at the time and the obvious correlation between drumming drums rhythm and the African continent Thankfully though drums did make their way to America in a big way Until the invention of the trap kit bands required the arms of a bass drum player a snare drum player and a player of cymbals Bringing the three elements together was only a matter of Ringle 2 time and who was the most innovative As early as 1888 AlbinFoerester owned a patent for a bass drumcymbal pedal AldridgeThe lowboy a forerunner to the hihat was introduced circa 1925 According to legend drummer Vic Berton conceived it Pinksterboer l9Consolidating all the elements of the rhythm section into one player created a more streamlined band which will eventually be a major detriment to American culture The invention of the foot pedal created so much more ease of playing that drummers everywhere in America had to get their feet on one In 1909 Sir William F Ludwig and his brother Theobald developed a pedal with a spring that changed everything Aldridge 7 Soon afterwards they went into widescale production and so began the multibillion dollar industry of drum and hardware manufacturing in America The rise ofj azz and big band took hold ofthe American media You couldn t turn on a radio station in the 40s and 50s without hearing the rhythmdriven beast called jazz then rhythm and blues The authors of American Music call the rhythm section the most stable and indispensible element of the jazz ensemble Candelariaamp Kingman 273 As people got into drums and drums got into people over the next 50 years in America many changes would occur in both The Second World War shaped everything in American culture including the drum kit The war effort left shortages of metal in other industries In the 1940s a regulation called the 10 Law allowed only ten percent of nonwar materials to be made from metal Pinksterboer Ringle 3 This gave rise to smaller and more compact drums The invention of the cocktail kit which is basically a kick snare tom tom and a small cymbal in one selfcontained unit allowed easier travel and the ability to play efficiently in smaller rooms for smaller amounts of time Because of the drum kit music that was once performed only in large cathedrals and halls mixed with music that had previously been clapped out in elds or made rhythmically with whatever nature afforded could now be brought to average people in a saloon dancehall park or even right on the street The smaller and cheaper rhythm section was also now available to the public and garages everywhere where being cleared out to make room for drums and rock and roll The inclusion of the drum kit into popular music gave rise to a multitude of new styles driven by this beat monster The ability to keep time with either the ride cymbal or on the hi hat and the increasing speed with which bass drum figures could be played drove the rhythm of rock and roll music Rock and roll swept over America in the fties and sixties Drum sets were so vital to the music that was going on that rock pioneer and legend The Grateful Dead had two of them Another style of music made possible by the drum kit that had vast sociological effects was punk music KotarbaWhat a great idea to give the rhythm to everyone if we could only learn to play together A sociological look at the music during the sixties makes it easy to see how individuals and cultures are rapidly changed As bands became more popular and more people could and wanted to be in them music contained more subject matter that the masses Ringle 4 could identify with The connection of music and masses brought connections in behaviors whether perceived or not It s hard to estimate the amount of people in America who experimented with LSD as a result of some rock band or another certainly driven by a big drum set A whole generation of Americans also embraced marijuana as they had before largely because of rock and roll music and the counterculture was so strong that today state governments are nally giving up their ght and legalizing it In a way it s like they are nally legalizing rock and rollMore importantly however it was the rst widespread spiritual tool distributed across America If rhythm produced by a drum can cause a state of trance enabling humans to perform ethereal tasks and Mickey Hart among others believes that to be the case indeed then mass production and distribution of drums is like passing out potential trance pills if you will In many ancient cultures the drummer was also the spiritual leader tribe doctor plant expert and head authoritative gure The percussion instruments weren t the most important instruments in sacred ceremonies they were the only ones save for voice The power of rhythm enabled sacred trances in which one could heal communicate with the dead and see past and future events Although these sacred traditions have been long lost the power has not It is felt every day when people make music We have only stopped identifying it Many great musicians like Frank Zappa Mickey Hart and Eric Clapton have described a fully immersed performance Ringle 5 as out of body Consolidating drums and cymbals together only increases the power and variety of rhythmic textures The drum set became a convenient package in which these sacred secrets are contained and made them available to large groups of people Every drummer s contribution is equally unique and packed with potential energy This sacred power oozed out over America as the drum set became more and more prevalent in American popular music People everywhere where were getting with the rhythm Now a degree can be obtained in Percussion Arts Drum sets can be purchased in almost any town in America The cycle completes as it always will and now it s hard to nd a church in America that doesn t have a plugged in band and of course a drum set Ringle Bibliography Aldridge J 1994 Guide To Vintage Drums Anaheim Hills CA Centerstream Publishing Candelaria L amp Kingman D 2007 American Music39A Panorama Third Concise ed Belmont California Clark Baxter Hart M 1998 Drumming On The Edge of Magic Los Angeles California Acid Test Productions Kotarba J amp Vannini P 2009 Understanding Society Through Popular Music New York City NY Taylor and Francis Pinksterboer H 1992 The CymbalBook R Mattingly Ed Milwaukee WI Hal Leonard Ringle 7
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'