Human Rights PSC 1003
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kerrigan Unter on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSC 1003 at George Washington University taught by Olson, L in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Politics in Political Science at George Washington University.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
PSC 1003 Human Rights Universal Human Rights vs Cultural Relativism individual human rights conceived as universal in that they apply to all persons critics argue that this is a Western notion of human rights and its disregards nonWestem culture 0 idea of Asian values rooted in Confucianism 3 Generations of Human Rights first generation Civil and Political Rights 0 Right to free speech assembly the right to vote the right to practice religion second generation Social and economic rights 0 Right to a living wage health care education housing third generation group rights 0 Emphasizes rights of minority groups to do things like teach their native language and practice their customs 0 Also includes the rights of women seeking to protect them from forcible marriage female genital mutilation honor killings The Human Rights Regime a regime is a set of rules and norms that remains in place without single formal institution to enforce them with regard to human rights multiple actors work at multiple levels of analysis to enforce human rights norms includes NGOs states and IGOs such as the United Nations and the ICC Nongovernmental Organizations play an important role in human rights regime at both the system and the domestic level at the system level advocate for specific policies draw attentions to issues offer alternative channels of communication mobilize mass publics internationally at the domestic level mobilize at the grassroots level often take the place of the state in provision of services The Role of States participate in international institutions that promote human rights promote human rights in bilateral and multilateral negotiations usually by linking human rights to other issues such as trade trangovernmentalism 0 An emerging trend in cooperation between government agencies 0 Response to the rise of global problems and the lack of effective international institutions Transgovernmental cooperation can address these issues While at the same time remaining accountable to domestic level constituencies GO 5 The United Nations 0 Arguably serves as the legislative side of the human rights regime 0 Passes treaties such as the Universal Declaration of Human Rights setting forward the standards for the human rights regime 0 Through Chapter 7 peaceenforcement humanitarian intervention is a possibility The Regime at Work the human rights regime is most effective When all actors participate at multiple levels of analysis The case of South Africa 0 The UN stripped South Africa of voting rights and put economic sanctions in place 0 MNCs divested from South Africa 0 NGO s mobilized publics in the West to pressure their states to cut ties with the South African regime o The ANC in South Africa supported the sanctions regime
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