Culture of the High Middle Ages (1100-1300)
Culture of the High Middle Ages (1100-1300) 1020-01
Popular in World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kiana Thompson on Monday October 19, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 1020-01 at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga taught by Michele White in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see World Civilizations II: World History from c. 1000 to 1800 in History at University of Tennessee - Chattanooga.
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Date Created: 10/19/15
Culture of the High middle Ages 11001300 I The Rise of Universities Universitas Irnerius 10551130 Curriculum Trivium and Quadrivium a Univeritas Latin for guild or corporations of students or teachers i Bologna 1088 1St university in Europe 1 Irnerius a lived in Bologna b Was the leading authority in western Europe s Roman Law c Was not granted a charter until 1158 Holy Roman Emperor Barbarossa gave the charter 2 Students payed tuition faculty was payed by the tuition of students ii Paris 1160 Oxford 1190 By 1350 around 80 universities were throughout Europe iii Curriculum 1 The 7 Liberal Arts a Trivium Arts i Grammar logic rhetoric b Quadrivium Sciences i Arithmetic geometry music astronomy 2 BA Degree Masters a 46 years i Only took exams at end of 4 or 6 years amp when wanted to graduate 3 Graduate Studies PhD a Medicine Law Theology 4 Classes a Taught in Latin b Teacher had only textbook because i No printing press ii Very expensive c Lecture Latin to read 1 Catholic churches were endorsers e Hierarchy anything that goes against what was said by the church 11 Scholasticism and Thomas Aquinas 12251274 a Important development i Scholasticism method of learning or method of critical thinking which dominated medieval higher education specifically I scholasticism was successful union of Aristotelian Rationalism with the teachings of church b Aristotle s Works 1200 1250 1 ii iii Aristotle s Rationalism AR Church looks at AR as wrong Thomas Aquinas opens up the door for Aristotle s teachings iv Summa Theologian work that applies reason to all theological questions form of dialectic QampA V Leave it up to faith vi Churches were re ection of power amp wealth importance III Romanesque and Gothic Architecture a Romanesque Cathedrals 11th amp 12th centuries 1 ii iii iv V vi vii Normally in the shape of a cross Rounded arches Massive thick walls to support heavy stone roofs Small windows so as to not compromise the walls Dark and mysterious interiors Colonnades Wide naves amp transepts b Gothic Cathedrals 12th amp 13th centuries 1 ii iii iv Normally soared to the sky Crossribbed vaults amp pointed arches Flying buttresses Thin walls with beautiful stained glass windows Romanesque Architecture StSernin in Toulouse France Begun in 1060 and finished in 1120 Pilgrimage church reputed to have the head of St Bartholomew amp a stone from a Holy Sepulcher