7th Week of Notes
7th Week of Notes Com 295
Popular in Communication Theory
Popular in Communication Studies
This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mary Kate Murnen on Tuesday October 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Com 295 at Grand Valley State University taught by Zhang in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Communication Theory in Communication Studies at Grand Valley State University.
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Date Created: 10/20/15
Ethnicitv Identitv and Difference Notes 0 Stuart Hall Author 0 cultural studies influenced by marxism 0 you are always speaking from somewhere and that position is important to understand 1 99 etc when reading new readings should always analyze this who are they speaking foron behalf of 0 being black or white is a political thing not a skin thing the treatment of different groups is all about who has the power and who is being held down by power 0 idk tbh listen again later 0 What is identity 0 Pg 10 Identity emerges discourses your identity becomes an invitation to be different people simultaneously an unresolved question 0 pg 10 Identities are a kind seems to be H a show of how we don t move as fast as we think we are we aren t always changing with culture but we are simultaneously changing growing constantly relative to that stable self image disparity from self image and actual self and Ideal for us to build off of self image tends to be stable we think identity is actually fluid says hall image lags behind person who has moved on entertain fluid identity things we are exposed to in life change us to some degree books moviesetc example when we engage each other we manifest ourselves in each other for that time When you talk to different people you become different people 0 why it s important to keep the company of those who make you the kind of person you want to be you are the company you keep example a good question asked in class can increase the understanding and intelligence of the entire class not just one person 0 Disruption Of Identity 0 4 historical forces to disrupt our stable sense of identity Karl Marx Sigmund Freud Saussure and Nietzsche Marx c We cannot control who we are the social conditions are preexisting and they over determine who we are 0 Born in the US a lot of your identity is predetermined by your family and birthplace and social status and etc unconscious life you cannot control that part of yourself but it is still part of you identity in the same way is uncontrollable like a factory that produces desire can repress these but will always emerge in those uncontrollable moments positive thing but not our control I Saussure language cannot control meaning of things cannot redefine things that have been culturally established with another definition 0 I Nietzsche Pg 12 this is the great old logic of identity 0 Differences O O O the struggle is real every truth is a lie whichever truth is in power is the one that is true the ones not in power are seen as false our notion of identity is just one notion notjust the only version truth and power go hand in hand feminism gender studies sociality all about the powerlessness of those truths Pg 15 identity is a process play a difference pg 15 And in that given in nature 0 culturally politically black Black Skin White Mask 0 I Pg 17 I differ and to defer open ended game differance french a play between the two meanings good lense through with to imagine identity 0 Positionality I Racism power in a gazelook power differential among groups hierarchy changes throughout the world but there always is one racism in britain quotracist not because they hate the blacks but because they don t know who they are without the blacks O O we are made with negatives invented by it project the negative on other groups to purge our sense of guilt Ritual of Victimage or Scapegoating project the negative on other groups to purge our sense of guilt Ritual of Victimage or Scapegoa ng 0 example Jewish population Travelers etc don t know how to identify who we are without identifying who we are not as enlightened people we need to rise above this dichotomy think in terms of nonduality 0n Truth and Falsity in Their Ultramoral Sense Notes 0 transcribed from german 0 very rich text highlighting key passages in context of class C Pg177 Q What is a word a verbal representation of a concept object a tool to use to communicate 0 why did humans need words in the first place symbols to convey meanings hieroglyphs convey something that is happening has happened to preserve events so as to share those experience with others words are used to store experience 0 EXAMPLE dots on the board whatever it is we don t have access to it all we register it as a nerve stimulus brain works hard to translate it into a percept 0 micro perception bug on hand may not register because it is so small we don t perceive it all a matter of degrees there is threshold of perception where our brains begin to transmit stimuli into percepts then we make sounds to refer to those percepts C language stems from this neiche says there s a metaphor that is created in the translation between stimulus and percept and a second metaphor between percept and sound as humans we bear the burden of having language 0 a few steps removed from the things reality 0 language alienates us from the world we can t truly access the stimulus our experience is our interpretation based on how we see the world not on how it truly is O Metaphors pg178 language is intrinsically metaphorical always a few steps removed from the thing itself what we have to say about image is more impoverished narrow than the full image they are ambiguous the wind cuts like a knife this food is shit etc O can create possibility for multiple meanings that may not be fully encompassed by one metaphor or the other 0 open to multiple ambiguations I ideas concepts I Dice I we can use regular shapes and stack them up to create conceptual edifice I we are so easily sucked into this world of concepts we forget about the thing as it is I we forget that language is metaphorical and there39s a tendencytemptation for us to treat words as literal meanings 0 product ofthe social elite 0 those in power get to claim their meaninginterp as the literal meaning I the more we use concepts the more we are tempted to use language as a correspondence to the thing itself and forget metaphorical nature of language 0 Pg 179 I in order to have idea concept we pay a price what is it I Marker example 0 different noises for this same word but we hear the same word bc we have that word energy pattern in mind already 0 we are equating these differences this is how concepts work I quotEvery Idea unequal 0 fall leaves example I all different sizes color texture etc but we call all leaves I the concept of a leaf precedes the actual leaves as if quotleaf is the idea model and these individuals are just imperfect copies of this idea I simulacrum I platonic hierarchy this thought process is platonism NO NO BAD as if the concept of leaves precedes the reality of leaves in their individuality 0 reading between the lines he is talking about platonism 0 Truth I what is truth I pg 180 quotA mobile army of metaphors merely as metalquot I know this V well I truth is a mobile army of metaphors 0 formation of metaphors that we live by O metaphors are lies OMG the thing itself is very rich or concepts are much narrower can only capture so many elements as a speaking community we lie together by consensus as it s the conventional way of talking about those concepts 0 our working truth anthropomorphism O we project our forms onto the world to make sense ofit O as a result things like quotat the foot of the mountainquot quotthe shoulder of the highwayquot they don t really have these things but we project ourselves onto them our language is measured by us because we made it 0 through repeated used metaphors are simplified as concepts they no longer move people EXAMPLE a coin rubbed down to metal after repeated use even quothumanquot is a metaphor we recognise very unique beings as humans equally forgetting individuality and particularity of these beings O O O mindless recognition nietzsche wants us to be aware of this process and counteract that tendency try to recover indescribability of the thing itself the words used are mystical because they aren t interrupted intuition is superior to intellect says philosophers much better at grasping of the indefinable reality of life use intuition more than intellect new hierarchy metaphors on top of concepts now Doors of perception huxley C psychedelics mind expanding about opening and expanding the mind 0 as humans we use concepts and can only access what our categorizations allows us to perceive our reality narrower that actual reality through training yoga psychedelics lucid dreamings etc can access total reality 0 feels like God can be overwhelming we are comfortable in our artificial reality we use categories and concepts to protect ourselves 0 Pg 190 0 double edged sword goes both ways science a technology but also drifting away from nature and total reality I use computers to grasp our sense of the world but were grasping pixels the world is richer than this 0 we are oblivious of this because were in prison house oflanguage I Rational Man concepts tends to use these and rationality to safeguard life control life stay away from trouble fewer experiences but is well read and has opinions on many things 0 as much as power of concepts help to anticipate risks so aas to shy away from them 0 so much experience to lose out on as well though intuitive Man more open to surprises more vulnerable open to foreign elements forces the other more likely to get hurt but also become very joyous so much more to gain with this openness don t rationalise fall into the same ditch over and over again quotthe nomad does not possess things they experience things 0 don t know environment try to cope based on informed guess experience more I Stoical Man can learn from experience would not fall into the same ditch over and over again sense of dignity in heavy rain sotic continues to walk at a steady pace doesn39t bother them 0 also indifference whatever misfortune befalls stoic can maintain composure and maintain dignity mentality is a paradox fervent indifference 0 try to shoot an arrow aim as accurate as you can to reach mark before arrows leaves you do your best 0 once it s gone it may or may not hit mark bc of other factors out ofyour control 0 it s okay either way 0 quotThere are ages and beauty I rational is prudence regularity I art can rule over life I IDK i got tired amp this girl is hella whispering so I m gonna chill out for now I the stoic is learned by experience can ruin itself by experience I like rational but better in the sense that rational is IDK I stoic takes what comes with dignity uses ideas a presets to guide their life and takes in good and bad with dignity 0 overall 0 yes 0 questions I no 0 chat about his experience reading this text through Zen lit I zen about forgetting of language similar impulse to nietzsche I when we use words if we take too seriously we doomed by limiting husk words fall short of total reality I zen values intuition many parallels I daoism and buddhism Zen emerged from between spread to japan and ourished in japanese culture I zen impulse picked up by warrior class samurai I what should be is far less important than what is Bruce Lee I movements are in uenced by reality not concepts bias preconceptions otherwise you could be in serious trouble dead just live in moment and have total insight zen master relies on their unconsciousness nomind more powerful source of wisdom O whatever we can articulate is already narrower than the reality 0 more reliable I can control everything easier to just let go I write for the animal in us deleuze O humans real fricked up live in our heads too much 0 consciousness always busy animals no so much 0 third eye pineal gland allows birds to migrate at right time place every year I no bird GPScompassetc they just know instinctively what to do I scientists trying to activate this in humans Zen does this I about reaching into more powerful wisdom of unconsciousness I language is re ection de ection and distraction of reality I comm constructs reality for us 0 spiritual part of this reading in his interpretation 0 he wrote an article a while ago 0 check recording idk
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