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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sara Matthews on Tuesday October 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to INR2001 at University of Florida taught by Dr. Sjoberg in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 41 views. For similar materials see Introduction to International Relations in Political Science at University of Florida.
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Date Created: 10/20/15
A6 Asia in Global Politics Politics of Asia extremely varied Diverse population and diverse governmental structures Focusing on major players in region for IR with the major political security and economic issues Since the 18th century Asia has been divided into sub regions No historical or universal consensus but kind of a basic consensus Central Asia former Soviet republics plus Mongolia South Asia aka Indian subcontinent History Many of the earliest civilizations have their origins in the middle east and Asia Egypt and Mesopotamia most notably Indian Ocean trade began with the Roman trade with India in the rst century and developed further into SE Asia in 713th centuries with some evidence of ancient trading routes between Indonesia and Africa Silk Road was a network of trade routes that connected the West and the East China and India with the Mediterranean Found in the 1st century and expanded into the second century through missions and explorers Marco Polo Named Silk Road because of the trade of Chinese sik Economic and cultural exchange religions philosophies technologies diseases First globalized market or even a minor example of globalization With the increased territorialization of the area surrounding the land routes and the fall of the Mongol empire the Silk Road was becoming less utilized Imperialism and Colonialism 16th century Portuguese found a water route to the Indian Ocean around the Southern tip of Africa broke overland monopoly held by the Arabs and Italians 17th century began Dutch control the Dutch East India Company was established and the monopoly in Europe over Asian trade was also established 18th century British East India Company most powerful force in SE Asia Industrialization especially after Industrial revolution in the 19th century created a big demand for goods and motivated European imperialism New Imperialism Scramble for new and secure markets Trade turned into formal colonial control Territories ruled as extensions of the mother countries Shift from trade to formal colonies Between the 18705 and 1914 the beginning of WWI Asia is carved up by the Western Powers The period after WWII lead to the independence of nearly all of the remaining colonies but wasn t until after the Cold War that full decolonization and escape from Western Power was realized Political Economy Asia has 60 of the worlds population more than 44 billion people Fastest growing economic region and the largest continental economy by GDP and PPP in the world Wealth is concentrated in East Asia and in the oil rich nations of the Middle East Asia has the largest economic booms Japan post war quoteconomic miraclequot 195090 rapid growth Changes included cooperation of manufacturers suppliers distributors and banks unions good bureaucracy and guarantee of lifelong employment Asian Tigers Dragons Hong Kong Singapore South Korea and Taiwan Golden 1960s rapid industrialization 196019905 and high growth rates 7 through competitive advantage and export lead regimes Focus on exports Low cost production and low cost labor Advanced high income economies by the 19905 International nancial centers and information technology hubs Rise of China 1978 now largest economy in Asia 2nol largest in the world world s fastest growing major economy and the largest exporter of goods in the world However the economic development isn t uniform across the country Wealth gap majority are very poor Major Political lssues National Security India and Pakistan lndoPakistani wars 194719651971 1999 Ever since the division of British India in 1947 which created modern day India and Pakistan the 2 have been involved in major con ict 4 major wars and many border disputes and military stand offs Kashmir issue main cause of con ict Nuclear war concerns India is bigger and wealthier so Pakistan relies on nuclear weapons for security China PRC and Taiwan ROC Republic of China Political and legal status is a major factor since Taiwan sees itself as a sovereign state but China sees them as illegitimate CrossStrait relations US is one of Taiwan s main allies Korean Peninsula NorthSouth relations one of the most urgent security challenges in this area if not the world Korean War 1950 1953 between North and South Korea US fought for the South and China and the Soviet Union fought for the North 1953 truce signed agreed to the Korean Demilitarized Zone DMZ which would continue the separation along the 38th parallel Don t let the name fool you it is the most militarized zone on the globe North communist dictatorship and South democratic Rise of China militarily speaking regional power Japan US relationship trying to contain China International Coooeration Organizations Association of Southeast Asian Neighbors ASEAN Formed in 1967 to promote economicpolitical cooperation and regional peace 7th largest world economy plans for creation of single market regional economic integration TransPaci c Partnership TPP Massive multilateral trade agreement between paci c states free trade zone key is to deepen strategic partnerships Criticism loss ofjobs lowering of wages and healthsafety standards
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