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Notes - 2 Architecture and Religious Reform

by: Allison Lock

Notes - 2 Architecture and Religious Reform ARCH 143

Marketplace > Drexel University > Architecture > ARCH 143 > Notes 2 Architecture and Religious Reform
Allison Lock
GPA 3.4
Architecture and Society III
Paula Spilner

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About this Document

Notes based on main ideas of the class discussion..
Architecture and Society III
Paula Spilner
Class Notes
ARCH 143
25 ?




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allison Lock on Tuesday October 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARCH 143 at Drexel University taught by Paula Spilner in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see Architecture and Society III in Architecture at Drexel University.

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Date Created: 10/20/15
Not a typical topic in architectural histories however religious warfare and changes have occurred for centuries The mass movement and acceptance of religious people has caused new and innovative architecture to be designed and built Architecture and Religious Reform Throughout Christian history there have been people that did not agree fully with the church of Rome These people were often built with quite viciously for example Jan Hus who was executed by re for heresy There were also other complaints against some of the actions of the church there are newspapers that show images of greedy monks who once were able to keep all of the properties given to the church as church properties could not be sold Additionally indulgences were bought and paid for for both living and deceased These indulgences supposedly would reduce the amount of times souls had to spend in purgatory The pro ts made from indulgences mostly went to the construction of New St Peter39s in Rome Martin Luther was a monk who wrote a book The NinetyFive Thesis he nailed the book on church doors lt criticized the way the church spent money on the pope not on the needy people As a result he was put on trial excommunicated kicked out the church and would have been executed if he had been caught He however had a large following and these followers became Lutherans Other churches such as Calvinists Huguenots and Anglicans Church of England also formed after 1500 years of a singular church across the continent In the late 16th century there were many religious wars across Europe Luther also believed that there should be reform in the Christian doctrine Consequently there was an antiidolatry movement called iconoclasm in which Protestants would break into Christian Churches during which they would scrap destroy and smash images in to form of drawings stained glass statues etc New protestant churches took over Catholic churches These were very plain buildings with white unornamented walls This movement was particularly dif cult on the artists that provided work for all of the great churches Huguenot churches were not allowed to be called churches and were therefore called temples They were also not allowed to have Christian Symbolism in them a Protestant Temple in Lyon France differ from Christian churches as it is round and centered about a preacher and not an alter because the Huguenots focused more on preaching than the sacraments Since preaching could hast for 10 hours pews were rst seen in Protestant churches In this time Luther also paid for the translation of the bible into German and he held the mass in the common language as opposed to in Latin so that the masses could understand the ideas of the mass Music was also very important in Germany and therefore there were many organs throughout churches b John Frederick l was an Elector of Saxony and a supporter of Luther In his castle at in Torgau Germany he built a Protestant Chapel which Luther himself consecrated The ceiling has groin vaults however if features simply carved exposed stone features against white walls There is an organ and on the pulpit is the only location there are some images which depictJesus persecuting the greed of the Roman church The only area that is above the pulpit is the royal apartment therefore the royals were the only people to look down on the preacher Response of Rome Catholic Counter Reformation This occurred after violence against Protestants did not work to the religion The church decided to internally reform during which they attempted to simplify church life a Santa Croce had large frescos which were used as teaching tools until the 16th century during which they were painted over There were also walls that separated the normal people from the mass so that they could only hear and could not participate or even see the alter The alter was the reason that bells and innocence were used throughout mass because they signaled what was occurring in the mass to those who could not see Monastic churches were remodeled and theses walls were taken down b ll Gesu in Rome was the mother church of the Society ofJesus Jesuits which was begun in 1568 The building was designed by Giacomo Vignola Jesuits were the quotarmy of the Popequot and they were to convert people and combat heresy It is a stone structure with classical orders decorating the facade This presented a slight problem because the interior e the nave was taller than the side aisles therefore the level change had to be disguised The interior was much simpler with undecorated ceilings and less adorned walls The interior was later redecorated in an elaborate manner c San Giorgio Maggiore was designed by Andrea Palladio IT is located in Venice Italy and construction began in 1566 It appears as a giant iceberg on the water The exterior features classical Corinthian columns side aisles are decorated with sloping roofs The interior is bright white and simple adorned with carvings in the stone There is an absence of frescoes and stained glass Clear glass allows for signi cant amounts of light to be let in which causes the interior to be incredibly bright If the church had been built before the reformation there would have been a half wall that separated the alter and monks from the masses Post reformation these walls were no longer used therefore Palladio created room for the monks behind the alter so that the monks were still separate and closer to the alter but the commoners could still see mass The only paintings in the space are in the alters of the side chapeb d Andrea Palladio also designed to the Redentore Redeemer in Venice which was built from 155 to 1592 This church was similar to the church of San Maggiore with similar exterior colors design ideas and decoration


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