The Arts and the Christian Community
The Arts and the Christian Community UCOR 1000
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Arnulfo Paucek on Tuesday October 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to UCOR 1000 at Seattle Pacific University taught by Carlene Brown in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 32 views. For similar materials see /class/225351/ucor-1000-seattle-pacific-university in University at Seattle Pacific University.
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Date Created: 10/20/15
Notes For Final Monday March 07 2011 951 AM Part 1 Summary Introduction A A preTwentieth Century view of human nature 1 Most Western societies believed that human beings possessed an inherent value 2 Because the value was inherent it could not be taken away or destroyed by individuals groups or governments B A Twentieth Century view of human nature 1 Only the ability to reason gives dignity to human beings a Originated in the philosophies of Seventeenth Century writers thinkers politicians and artists b Attempted to redefine humanity in the absence of the traditional notion of God 2 The denial of absolute truth led to a diminished faith in the absolute value of each human being a One clear result has been the dehumanization of people b This has contributed in part to extreme cruelty such as that for example faced by the Jews in the 19305 and 19405 which has been the hallmark of the Twentieth Century A Summary of Humanity s Search for Meaning in the Modern Era A Rembrandt s painting The Shepherds Worship the Child 1646 1 Illustrates the point that life has meaning because God has given each human being a divine purpose for existence 2 Conveys a message that undergirds almost all of classical Western art up to the modern age B Morton Schamberg s sculpture God 1917 1 Portrayed God as impersonal and disconnected only a concept 2 Suggested that God exerts no personal influence on humankind or society or provides any intrinsic value to people C Francis Bacon s painting Three Studies for Figures at the Base of a Crucifixion 1944 1 Portrayed modern humanity s complete sense of isolation from both God and fellow human beings 2 Showed humanity in despair I The Enlightenment and the French Revolution A Enlightenment philosophers affected culture and philosophy 1 Rejected faith in church Bible and monarchy 62 Believed humanity could create its own values and political ideas without reference to the supernatural 3 Were committed to creating a manmade utopia 4 Began llAge of Reason 5 Enlightenment philosophy in part resulted in the French Revolution B Philosophers of the Enlightenment 1 Francois Voltaire 16941778 a Criticized Bible and organized religion New Section 3 Page 1 b Saw biblical God as cruel and homicidal 2 Immanuel Kant 17241804 a Believed man could create own truth b Viewed nature as a biological machine c Viewed God as merely mechanism for maintenance of nature d Believed only reality was experience and reason 3 JeanJacques Rousseau 17121778 a Promoted freedom from all traditional or religious morality b Rejected faith in reason and civilization c Viewed individual as center of universe d Believed llNoble Savage is superior to civilized man e Taught that individual freedoms should be preserved through the llgeneral will of the people 1 Eventual consequence was nothing more than stateenforced tyranny 2 Enforced through process of cultural engineering indoctrination and coercion 7V The Romantic Movement A Primary ideas 1 Rejected reason and traditional religion in part a reaction to the French Revolution 2 Turned to faith in nature and mysticism for inspiration 3 Like Rousseau held that people are naturally good until corrupted by society 4 Wanted to create reality without constraints of religion family or church B Philosophers writers composers and artists of the Romantic Movement 1 Ludwig van Beethoven 17701827 a Used music to promote faith in the natural goodness of common man b Promoted faith in the goodness of nature 2 Lord Byron 17881824 a Promoted faith in autonomous self rather than traditional moral values b Saw no essential difference between good and evil c Believed all knowledge is good 3 Francisco Goya 17461828 a Satirized daily life depicting fantastic events b Reintroduced mythology and mysticism to Western man s consciousness V The Realist Period A Primary ideas 1 Reacted to sentimental romantic views 82 Produced unromantic starkly realistic even mundane work B Artists and poets 1 Gustave Courbet 18191877 a Produced art devoid of heroic romantic or beautiful themes b Portrayed people without heroic or symbolic worth 2 Edouard Manet 18321883 a Used unadorned rather than sentimental subject matter New Section 3 Page 2 b Chose ordinary themes 3 Arthur Rimbaud 18541891 a Used personal lifestyle as a demonstration of rebellion against society b Demonstrated hatred toward religion c Influenced modern artists writers poets and musicians 1 Allen Ginsberg 2 Jack Kerouac 3 Bob Dylan 4 Beat poets of 1950s 5 Sex Pistols VI Conclusion A When a culture abandons religious traditions it must replace them with something strong enough to give people meaning and purpose B Each successive revolt against tradition has led only to more revolution and dehumanization 91 Enlightenment replaced traditional religious faith with faith in reason 2 Romantic movement replaced faith in reason with faith in nature and primitive man 3 Faith in primitive man was then replaced by stark realism 4 Realism was replaced by pessimism and the dehumanization evident in modern culture New Section 3 Page 3
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