Intnl Bioethics & Movies
Intnl Bioethics & Movies STS 4400
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allison McCullough on Tuesday October 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to STS 4400 at Southern Polytechnic State University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 8 views. For similar materials see /class/225459/sts-4400-southern-polytechnic-state-university in Science at Southern Polytechnic State University.
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Date Created: 10/20/15
Epidemic Disease Information Sheet for HIVAIDS Prepared by The Students Currently Enrolled in STS 4400 Epidemic Disease AIDS Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome is a health condition that results from the deficiency in the body s immunity following HIV infection HIV attacks the human body by breaking down its immune system that is meant to fight diseases Over a period of time the immune system weakens and the body loses its natural ability to fight diseases at which time various diseases begin to take effect Infectious Organism and Mode of Transmission HIV is not easy to get Both men and women can become infected and can give the virus to someone else HIV is found in the blood semen and vaginal secretions of infected persons and can be spread in the following ways 39 Having sex vaginal anal or oral with an HIV infected person male or female 39 Sharing drug needles or injection equipment with an HIV infected person to inject or shoot drugs 39 Passing the virus from an HIV infected woman to her baby during pregnancy or during birth An infected mother can also pass HIV to her baby through breastfeeding 39 Receiving blood transfusions or blood products contaminated with the HIV virus Disease Characteristics Many people do not develop any symptoms when they first become infected with HIV Some people however get a flu like illness within three to six weeks after exposure to the virus This illness called Acute HIV Syndrome may include fever headache tiredness nausea diarrhea and enlarged lymph nodes organs of the immune system that can be felt in the neck armpits and groin These symptoms usually disappear within a week to a month and are often mistaken for another viral infection About half of all people with HIV develop AIDS within 10 years if they are not treated The symptoms of AIDS may include 39 Recurring fever 39 Dry cough 39 Fatigue 39 Diarrhea lasting more than one week 39 Skin rashes 39 Night sweats 39 Loss of appetite 39 Rapid significant weight loss 39 Swollen lymph glands 39 White spots in the mouth or vaginal discharge signs of yeast infection 39 Pneumonia 39 Red brown pink or purplish blotches on or under the skin or inside the mouth nose or eyelids 39 Memory or movement problems Many of the apparent symptoms of AIDS are really symptoms of opportunistic infections many of them otherwise rare that are able to take advantage of an individual s compromised immune system Prevention Treatment Cure Prevention of the spread of HIV is based on education of the pubic of how it can be transmitted One approach to prevention is avoiding behaviors that pose a transmission risk for example abstaining from sexual activity and from the use of injected drugs For those who are sexually active the male latex condom is the single most efficient technology to reduce the sexual transmission of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections Testing is an important part of the prevention process According to the CDC most people develop detectable antibodies within 2 to 8 weeks Those testing negative should be tested again 3 months after exposure because of the rare occurrence of false negatives in earlier testing As of now there is no known cure for HIVAIDS but anti retroviral drugs can be taken to slow down the effects of HIV on the body These drugs help stop HIV from reproducing or inhibit the virus from completing the steps necessary for replication These drugs reduce the amount of HIV in the bloodstream These are very strong drugs and once the drugs are taken they must be taken regularly If not the virus may develop a resistance to the drug Historical Signi cance There are many competing theories about the origin and history of HIVAIDS The virus was probably transferred from simian to human populations in central Africa spreading among humans from the 1950s to For More Information the 1980s The disease was first identified and the virus isolated in the early 1980s Over 20 million people worldwide have died of AIDS since the disease was identified Contemporary Occurrence According to UNAIDS as of December 2004 359 443 million people were living with HIVAIDS In 2004 there were 43 64 million newly infected people and 2 8 35 million AIDS deaths 64 of people with HIVAIDS live in Africa Contemporary Signi cance Even though easily preventable the AIDS pandemic is a daunting foe It is the number one killer of African Americans 18 45 It has cut the life expectancy of some nations to the mid 30s This pandemic severely undermines the world s fight against poverty for if all the young adults are dead who is left to control the means of production Centers for Disease Control Division of HIVAIDS Preventions Web site Fact Sheets last revised 15 Aug 2005 available online at httpwwwcdcgovhivpubsfactshtm accessed 20 Sept 2005 One stop shop for reliable information on the HIVAIDS pandemic YOUANDAIDSorg Web site Symptoms no revision date available online at http www J J org About20HIVAIDo llldeX asp accessed 20 Sept 2005 This site gives good descriptions of early symptoms of HIV infection occurrences in the body during infection and later symptoms of HIVAIDS UNAIDS Web site AIDS Epidemic Update 2004 December 2004 available online at httpwwwunaidsorgwad2004EPIupdate2004 html enepi04 00 enhtm includes Maps httpwwwunaidsorgwad2004EPIupdate2004 html enEpi04 13 en htmP251 74231 accessed 26 Sept 2005 Excellent maps with HIVAIDS numbers broken down by regions in 2004 currently infected newly infected and deaths American Red Cross of Greater Chicago Web site Get Educated no date available online at I 39 J I httpwww m ilivaldS factshtm accessed 26 Sept 2005 QampA of facts about HIVAIDS including transmission prevention and symptoms Smith Bankhead MS Director Department of Education and Volunteer Services AID Atlanta Inc 1605 Peachtree Street NE Atlanta GA 30309 404 870 7747 neenasmithaidatlanta org Contact Information for Today s Speaker Prepared 29 Sept 2005