Introduction to Communication
Introduction to Communication COMM 1010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jeffry Schamberger DDS on Tuesday October 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 1010 at Southern Utah University taught by Matthew Barton in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 11 views. For similar materials see /class/225497/comm-1010-southern-utah-university in Communication at Southern Utah University.
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Date Created: 10/20/15
Understanding Presidential Inaugurals Campbell amp Jamieson 1990 1 Presidential inaugurals are a part of a larger discourse that Aristotle named epideictic This means that they either praise or blame on ceremonial occasions examples Campbell amp Jamieson state that inaugurals invite the audience to evaluate the speaker s performance recall the past and speculate about the future while focusing on the present employ a noble dignified literary style and amplify or rehearse admitted facts p 14 N The purpose of the inaugural is a rite of passage wherein a ritual of transition occurs as the newly elected president is invested with the office of the presidency 3 The inaugural has five distinctive functions p 15 a Unifies the audience by reconstituting its members as the people who can witness and ratify the ceremony 1 ii The oath taken in the presence of the people becomes a mutual covenant My promise is spoken yours unspoken but not the less real and solemn The people of every State have here their representatives Surely I do not misinterpret the spirit of the occasion when I assume that the whole body of the people covenant with me and with each other today to support and defend the Constitution of the Union of the States to yield willing obedience to all the laws and each to every other citizen his equal civil and political rights Benjamin Harrison The people are often constituted in some new way 1 As a people whose spiritual strength can overcome material difficulties Franklin Roosevelt 2 As a people willing to sacrifice for an idea John F Kennedy b Rehearses communal values drawn from the past Presidents must demonstrate their qualifications for office by venerating the past and showing that the traditions of the institution continue unbroken in them On this auspicious occasion we may well renew the pledge of our devotion to the Constitution which launched by the founders of the republic and consecrated by their prayers and patriotic devotion has for almost a century borne the hopes and aspirations of a great people through prosperity and peace and through the shock of foreign con icts and the perils of domestic strife and vicissitudes Grover Cleveland Well if no one among us is capable of governing himself then who among us has the capacity to govern someone else Ronald Reagan This was an updated statement that Reagan took from Thomas Jefferson who said Sometimes it is said that man can not be trusted with the government of himself Can he then be trusted with the government of others c Sets forth the political principles that will govern the new administration 7 sets forth a type of political philosophy melancholy is the condition of that people whose government can be sustained only by a system which periodically transfers 4 V39 large amounts from the labor of the many to the coffers of the few Such a system is incompatible with the ends for which our Republican Government was instituted James Polk talking about the national debt Demonstrates through enactment that the president appreciates the requirements and limitations of executive functions This means in part that he recognizes that he needs to act in the best interest of the nation first In terms of what he says in the speech personal narratives need to be about the nation or the people and not about the individual References to humility amp God are common place The magnitude and difficulty of the trust to which the voice of my country called me being sufficient to awaken in the wisest and most experienced of her citizens a distrustful scrutiny into his qualifications could not but overwhelm with despondence one who ought to be peculiarly conscious of his own deficiencies George Washington The time conveyed is that of the eternal present in other words timelessness These ends must be achieved by 7 urging contemplation not action focusing on the present while incorporating past and future and praising the institution of the presidency and the values and form of the government of which it is a part 3 1 D The language of the inaugural is also very important Memorable phrases often come from these events Consider Lincoln s conclusion With malice toward none with charity for all with firmness in the right as God gives us to see the right let us strive to finish the work we are in to bind up the nation s wounds to care for him who shall have borne the battle and for his widow and his orphan to do all which may achieve and cherish a just and lasting peace among ourselves Other shorter phrases include Franklin Roosevelt s So first of all let me assert m firm belief that the only thing we have to fear is fear itself OR John Kennedy s And so my fellow Americans ask not what your country can do for you Ask what you can do for your country Institutionally the inaugural address performs two key functions In and through it each president is invested with the office and at a moment of transition the continuity of the institution and of the system of government of which it is a part is reaffirmed p 36