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British Literature I

by: Raven Williamson MD

British Literature I ENGL 3230

Raven Williamson MD
GPA 3.56

Jessica Tvordi

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Jessica Tvordi
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Raven Williamson MD on Tuesday October 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENGL 3230 at Southern Utah University taught by Jessica Tvordi in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 10 views. For similar materials see /class/225511/engl-3230-southern-utah-university in Foreign Language at Southern Utah University.


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Date Created: 10/20/15
Figures of SpeechRhetorical Devices Simile Makes an explicit comparison between two things by using such words as like as than appears or seems 0 Margaret Atwood poem you fit into me i Like a hook into an eye iie like a sh hook and like an open eye 0 Mild as a dove Metaphor Makes a comparison between two things but often implicitly They are sometimes harder to identify because they are not signaled by particular words eg like or as 0 Emily Dickenson Presentimentiis that long Shadow 0 Love is atempest Love is a battlefield Implied SimileMetaphor not explicit because it hints at a comparison 0 He brayed his refusal to leave brays like a mule Extended MetaphorControlling Metaphor when the comparison is extended throughout the poem 0 ee cummings she being Brand 0 Anne Bradstreet The Author to her Book Synecdoche when a part of something is used to signify the whole When talking about synecdoche we refer to the image used to represent something else as the Vehicle and the thing being represented as the Tenor a neighbor is a wagging tonge a gossip a criminal is placed behind bars in prison to refer to a boat as a sail a car as wheels or the violins Violas cellos and basses in an orchestra as the strings Metonymy when one thing is represented by another thing that is commonly and often physically associated with it sometimes this involves the direct replacement of one word for another referring to a writer s handwriting as her hand replacing the word monarch with the word crown referring to the motion pictures as the silver screen referring to office workers as paper shuf ers Personi cation bestows human characteristics upon anything nonhuman from an abstract idea to a physical force to an inanimate object to a living organism Prosopopoeia is sometimes used as a synonym for personification but more speci cally refers to situations in which a personi ed gure can and does speak Apostrophe a rhetorical device in which the speaker addresses someone who is absent and can t respond or something nonhuman that can t comprehend or respond Hyperbole 01 Overstatement exaggeration adding emphasis without meaning to be literally true 0 The teenaged boy ate everything in the house Paradox A statement that seems selfcontradictory or nonsensical on the surface but upon closer examination would seem to contain an underlying truth 0 The pen is mightier than the sword 0 One such more victory and we are lost attributed to Pyrrhus king of Epirus after defeating the Romans Oxymoron a condensed form of paradox in which two contradictory words are used together 0 Sweet sorrow 0 Silent scream 0 Cold re Conceit from the Italian concerto meaning idea or concept An elaborate and often surprising comparison between two apparently highly dissimilar things Conceits often take the form of extended metaphors Petrarchan Conceits typically employ analogy hyperbole or oxymoron extreme moderation pure impiety etc to figure one or both lovers in an unequal relationship exaggerating the beauty and cruelty of the female and her unjust treatment of the male who loves her Metaphysical Conceits use esoteric objects in previously unfamiliar ways and often provide the controlling image for an entire poem consider the image of the compass in the Donne poem Sound Onomatopoeia formation and use of words that imitate sound blare crash dip are growl hum lick murmur rustle and thud Alliteration repetition of consonant sounds at the beginning of words or within words the jazz jive jumped from thejoin Assonance resemblance or similarity in sound between vowels followed by different consonants in two or more stressed syllables Assonance differs from RHYME in that RHYME is a similarity of vowel and consonant quotLakequot and quotfakequot demonstrate RHYME quotlakequot and quotfatequot or my toes the inside of my elbows demonstrates assonance Anaphora repetition of same word or words at the beginning of a series of phrases lines or sentences I m walking home I m walking back to belonging I m walking back to happiness Consonance repetition of consonant sounds near each other whose vowel sounds are different fooling lling losses longer line separates them begin or end a line Dissonance use of harsh and inharmonious sounds resulting in a marked breaking of the music of poetry A great example from Milton s Lycidas Grate on their scrannel pipes of wretched straw Some scholars use the phrases dissonance and cacophony interchangeably while other use the term dissonance to indicate the use of cacophony to achieve a specific effect Rhyme 1 End Rhymes the concurrence in two or more rhymes of the last stressed vowel and all speech sounds following that vowel 2 Internal Rhymes rhyme that occurs within a line of verse 3 Masculine Rhymes a line of verse ending with a stressed syllable 4 Feminine Rhymes a line of verse in which rhyming stressed syllables are followed by identical unstressed syllables 5 Double and triple rhyme a feminine rhyme that extends over two or three syllables 6 Perfect full or true rhymes final accented vowel and all subsequent sounds are identical 7 Eye Rhymes appear to rhyme due to their spelling but fail to rhyme when pronounced 8 Imperfect Rhymes a Off rhyme half near or slant changes vowel sounds andor the concluding consonant expected of perfect rhyme Room storm b Vowel rhyme rhymes with only their vowel sounds in common starrybarley c Para rhyme stressed vowel sounds differ but are anked by identical or similar consonants trodtrade


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