Field Biology of Florida with Lab
Field Biology of Florida with Lab BSC 2250C
St. Petersburg College
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This 23 page Class Notes was uploaded by Miss Keon Rohan on Tuesday October 20, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to BSC 2250C at St. Petersburg College taught by Theodore Switzer in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see /class/225521/bsc-2250c-st--petersburg-college in Biological Sciences at St. Petersburg College.
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Date Created: 10/20/15
BSC 2250C Fall 2012 Study Guide for Exam 1 Exam on Saturday October 20 Hypothesis 1 Educated guess as to what is causing an observation Compound leaf 1 A whole leaf is determined at the bud and contain many leaflets such as the elderberry as opposed to the strangler fig Eurythermal 1 An organism able to tolerate a wide range of temperatures Pneumatophores 1 an airfilled root submerged or exposed that can function as a respiratory organ of a marsh or swamp plant Taxonomy 1 a classi cation oforganisms into groups based on similarities of structure or origin etc Carrying capacity 1 the population size of the species that the environment can sustain inde nitely given the food habitat water and other necessities available in the environment Endothermic mammals 1 Dependent on or capable of the internal generation of heat ectocodblooded Isotonic 1 Concentration of dissolved substances equal between cells and surrounding environment net movement of water inHeathy no change in water movement or cell shape Uniform and clumped distribution 1 Uniform very rare Distant equal space between all individuals indicates competition 2 Clumped MOST COMMON Small patchy aggregations usually around areas of ideal habitat Hybrid inviability 1 Offspring are infertile or otherwise deformed or unable to reproduce mule Epiphyte 1 A plant that grows on another plant but is not parasitic such as the numerous ferns bromeliads air plants and orchids growing on tree trunks in tropical rain forests Sympatric speciation 1 Species which are isolated from each other even thought they occupy the same area not sympatriccompatible Dichotomous key 1 A series ofA or B choices based on various characteristics ultimately narrowing down to a certain species Lichen 1 ruigi and Agae glcrw Linnzeu an intimate cioseiy entangled symbiotic ieiationsnip 1 eaioiusiinnaeusmumwastneiatneio1taxonomywnoimioducedtne inomiai system oi nomenciatuie we cycie ufthe strangiemg 1 39 39 nu piant 0ne tnei39g mots it kiiistne host plant compieteiy Speciesufvenumuussnzkescummuntu the Tampa Bay area 1 cottonmoutn E Diamondback Rattlzv 3 Dusky Pygmy Rattlzv a E miaisnake imucnm DiSCuss key differences between rs an 1 R opuiationgiouitn Iquot d Ksseiected species I ed plimzlilv by iepioductiue iatei I ocebyab39 39 en in toys competition piedation 39ciactois gm Density dependent powlztion giouitn tempeiatuie vain than biotic iac 2 Kpopulzlion giointn ted piimaiiiy by canying capacity K Dznsitvsdgpzndznl population giouitn diiuen move by teiac nswitn otnei Dd olgznisms piedation competition lo Three types uf sunwarship cuwesebe abie to draw and discuss what they mean 1 Expone ionitn rlrglcrwlh isaiesuit oipopuiation zzrmov quotg 2 Type ie yr deatn old age elephants a Type ll 7 constant mo a 7 death any age livds a Type III e eaiiy monaiitye deatn young age bugs 5 4 species Typei Type II Type I D39 between quot39 quot and 39 39 population growth 1 Arithmetic populations increasing by a set number in a set time period how quickly and often it can reproduce 2 Exponential can continue to grow indefinite amounts as a result of the initial number of population more individuals produce more offspring more common Given values of r be able to predict future changes to the size of a population Discuss in detail potential mechanisms of environmental resistance that prohibit unlimited population growth 1 Limited space some species cannot function in populationdense areas 2 Scarcity of food population will starve 3 Too many predators population will be eaten Details of sea oats including importance where they are found how this relates to various abiotic factors etc 1 High range ofweather tolerancy can withstand bouts of frost high salinity tolerance thrive on beaches and most types of sunlight Play an important role in maintain beaches sand dune structures with their roots Light brownbeige look similar to wheat stalks culms can grow to be 639 in summer with 239 leaves and 15quot seeds Key differences between live and laurel oaks in terms of identification and biologyecology 1 Laurel oaks have smoother grayish bark and are mostly straight up root structure makes it less sturdy and more susceptible to damage during hurricanes 2 Unlike laurel oaks live oaks have blockly dark brown bark and branch out in wide spaces they are well rooted and withstand strong storms EmilyGrace Berger 7 Boyd Hill 7 101312 Bald Cypress 7 leaves pinnate pneumatophores Coontie Greener 7 greener in shade dark purple berries Southern Magnolia 7 pinnate leathery simple leaves Firebush 7 red veinsberries pinnate leaves Black Eyed Susan Chapman Senna 7 butter y bush 18 tall yellow owers Dahoon Holly 7 no smell 7 different from Braz Pepp Beauty Berry 7 fuzzy coarse Wild Coffee Detritus 7 dead decaying plants on ground Red Maple Common Beggar Tick Sweet Bay 7 whitesilver under smell pinnate Strangler Fig Myrcine 7 looks like front house plant berries on stem shiny pinnate green leaves Dog Fennel 7 lemony Sugar Berry 7 warty bark Marlberry 7 white berries clustered at end Elderberry 7 compact leaves 5 jeggedtoothed Sicamore 7 giant leaves look like maple palmate papery shredded bark Virginia Creeper Bald Cypress pneumatophores Giant Leather Fern Tarrow 7 elephant ears water resistant Common Primrose Willow 7 fuzzy leaves EmilyGrace Berger 7 Boyd Hill 7 101312 Dahoon Holly Pickerelweed 7 purple cone ower swirly lilylike heart leaves wet areas Longstalk Seedbox 7 looks like CP Willow Sugarberry Late Bonnoset 7 fuzzy tall stalk small owers 7 white bad smell Live Oak Laurel Oak Slash Pine Southern Red Cedar 7 cinnamon bark Fragrant Waterlily 7 heart shaped on top of water white ower with yellow middle Painted Leaf 7 milky white sap poisonous poinsettia family red base pinnate looks painted Gymnosperm 7 produces pinecones Angiosperm 7 produces owers and berries Bittermelon 7 yellow owers orange fruits w red seeds inside Finger Banana Tree Snake Bird 7 mostly eat fish Common Moorehen 7 red beak black body K Banyan tree 7 same as strangler fig Cattails 7 edible not good tasting Air Potato Cabbage Palm Berries 7 black Duckweed 7 swampy slow moving water oat green looks like clovers Control Burn 7 good for gymnosperms EmilyGrace Berger 7 Boyd Hill 7 101312 Monkey Puzzle Tree 7from Asia bumpy uniform barks sharp leaves stems big pinnate Wild Bamboo Sand Pine 7 short needles 7 2 max small cones Turkey Oak 7 leaves look like turkey feet dry shrub sandy habitat upland Long Leaf Pine 7 longer than slash pine ball clusters usually white pineconeresembling growths in middle end Weedon Island Field Notes 7 10612 7 EmilyGrace Berger Time approx 1100 AM Conditions slightly warm breezy sunny Beach Sun ower not Black Eyed Susan Saw Palmetto Cabbage Palm Fox Grape Epiphyte 7 Spanish Moss Bracken Rattlebox 7 yellow owers pinnate leaves thorns Green BryerWild Bamboo 7 varies leaf shape some have thorns pinnate Slash Pine 7 68 needles Poison Ivy 7 changes to red in fall then falls Dog Fennel 7 aromatic Cloudless Sulfur 7 dots butter y Fiddler Crab 7 biggest crab claw most envied and sexually attractive White Mangrove 7 terrestrial Red Mangrove 7 props Black Mangrove 7 pneumatophores roots Buttonwood Mangrove Mangrove crab 7 small black Salt Marsh Fleabane Lantana Mosquito Fish 7 small eat mosquito larva Oysters 7 lter bay keep toxins in tissue can t eat TB oysterstoo polluted leave old shellsnew batch Weedon Island Field Notes 7 10612 7 EmilyGrace Berger Snook Fish Wax Myrtle Gopher Tortoise Mamosa NN 7 purple puff plant looks like thistle white tips Propagule 7 red mangrove drop oat sprout fall upright Sea Grapes 7 W berries Field Notes 7 Ft DeSoto Park 7 92912 1150 AM 7 Base ofFort Conditions warmhot breezy Gemnosperm 7 seed producing non ower SabelCabbage Palm 7 bat habitats berries stalk smooth pinate structure continues w blades Strangler fig 7 ficus family simple pinate leaves Epiphyte 7 no roots in ground yet Fruit eaten by squirrelsbats berry droppings in trees regrows milky white sap once rooted kills tree 30 yrs FT 7 BlackEyed Susan yellow owers rough leaves blacldbrown middle 149 Sand spurs 7 greenpurple sharp burs painful Golden Aster 7 yellow owers fuzzy stem dandelionlike burs Prickly Pear Cactus 7 completely edible NN 7 Brazillian Pepper 7 red berries invasive pinate leaves odor urpentine honey producing Beach Morning Glory 7 white ower yellow middle 172 Seots 7 high salinity tolerance near beaches signs of good beach fined if pulled Dragon y order 7 ordinada Morning glory vines Sea grapes 7 big round leaves red veins fruit in summer edible grapes bitter On Arrowhead Trail 7 Lichen 7 fungus algae Red Cedar Sabel Palm Saw Palmaetto 7 spikyrigidpricklytoothed stalk pulmate low to ground 7 8 10 Beauty Berry 7 softfurry leaves soapy berries Poison Ivy 7three leaves worse through time dogs immune 1 TBS could affect planet low salinity tolerance Field Notes 7 Ft DeSoto Park 7 92912 Southern Red Cedar 7 bark shredded blue berry scaled leaves pine smell Virginia Creeper Freshwater Spring Common Beggar Ticks Seaside Golden Rod 7 allergen golden owers in bunches in rows Wax Myrtle Slash Pine 7 evergreen needle droppings gymnosperm 7 pinecone has no seeds Rattlebox 7 yellow drooping owers Bracken Fern 7 tripinate most recognizable Burning is good for trees it kills ground shrubs that can harm trees Snag 7 dead standing tree 7 for birds bald eagles insects FT 7 Mangroves Red 7 pointy simple pinate leaves shiny green all over prop roots White 7 round simple pinate leaves two bumps salt crystals salt glands Black 7 pointy simple pinate leaves shiny green top gray bottom black bark pneumatophares Giant Leather Fern Salt Marsh Fleabane 7 fuzzy leaf fragrant natural insect repellent Fish Poison Vine 7 stings fish used for fishing stings dies collect Sea Oxeyed Daisy 7thin pale green leaves w yellow ower 7 middle bigger than petals Sawgrass 7 sharp blades brown seeds in middle alduina angustifolia Yellow Buttons Baldm39na angustifolia Family name Asteraceae Host plant for none General description Herbaceous annual with erect branched stems narrow linear leaves and bright yellow terminal owers Mature owers become hard and honeycombed Easy to cultivate Plant in full sun Bene ts from regular moisture Does not tolerate long droughts Flowers attract butter ies and other pollinators Type Annual ower Flower Yellow owers Bloom time All year Soil type Moist to dry welldrained sandy or limestone soils Maximum height 3 feet Candidate for home gardens Easy to cultivate showy owers Availability in nursery Typically not available Grown by wild ower enthusiasts Frenquency in the wild Common Habitat coastal uplands sandhills pine atwoods County Alachua Bay Bradford Brevard Broward Calhoun Charlotte Citrus Clay Collier Columbia De Soto Dixie Duval Escambia Flagler Gadsden Gilchrist Hamilton Hernando Highlands Hillsborough Indian River Lafayette Lake Lee Levy Liberty Madison Manatee Marion Martin MiamiDade Okaloosa Okeechobee Orange Osceola Palm Beach Pasco Pinellas Polk Putnam Santa Rosa Sarasota Seminole St Lucie Sumter Suwannee Taylor Volusia Wakulla Walton Washington Full sun 0 Moderate watering Dryopteris spp Autumn Fern Nnuhv 5th Optimal Light Light Range Soil Moisture Wildlife Native Drought T olerance Perennial Invasive Status Comments Some Medium N t Assessed Growth Rate Mature Height Mature Spread Soil Texture Soil pH Salt T olerance Hardiness Zone Slow variable variable Any Acidic Slightly acidic Low to None used as cut foliage 1 NH Dryopteris spp Autumn Fern LOSE J V 1 Optimal Light Light Range I Soil Moisture Wildlife Native Some Drought Medium T olerance Growth Rate Mature Height Mature Spread Soil Texture Soil pH Salt T olerance Slow variable variable Any Acidic Slightly acidic Low to None Perennial Yes Hardiness Zone 811 Not In 39 t t vas1ve S a us Assessed Comments used as cut foliage Q39S39ymphyom39chum dumosum Bushy Aster Symphyotrich um dumosum Family name Asteraceae Host plant for Pearl Crescent Phyciodes tharos General description Erect herbaceous perennial with narrow alternate leaves branching stems and compact stalks of small white to lavender daisylike owers with yellow centers Vigorous Prefers moist welldrained soils in full sun Spreads rapidly by rhizomes Can be weedy in gardens Flowers attractive to various pollinators Type Herbaceous perennial Flower Compact stalks of small white to lavender daisylike owers with yellow centers Bloom time Summer through fall Soil type Moist welldrained soils Maximum height 4 feet Candidate for home gardens Vigorous and easy to grow Attractive when blooming Availability in nursery Native plant nurseries Frenquency in the wild Common Habitat Roadsides wet ditches pinelands open woodlands disturbed sites County Alachua Bradford Calhoun Charlotte Citrus Clay Collier De Soto Duval Escambia Flagler Gadsden Gilchrist Glades Gulf Hamilton Hardee Hernando Highlands Hillsborough Holmes Jackson Jefferson Lake Lee Leon Levy Liberty Madison Manatee Marion Martin MiamiDade Monroe Nassau Okaloosa Okeechobee Orange Pasco Pinellas Polk Putnam Santa Rosa Sarasota Seminole St Johns St Lucie Sumter Taylor Union Volusia Wakulla Walton Washington Full sun 0 Moderate watering 1 sclepz39as tuberosa sclepias tuberosa Butter yweed Asclepias tuberosa Family name Apocynaceae or Asclepiadaceae Host plant for Monarch Danausplexippus rarely used by the Queen Danaus gillppus General description Erect to sprawling herbaceous perennial with alternate leaves and showy terminal clusters of small bright orange owers Long blooming period provides lasting color for gardens Successful culture requires open sunny locations and well drained soils Dies back to the ground in winter across much of the state39 evergreen only in southernmost counties Flowers attract butter ies and other pollinators Type perennial Flower Small bright orange owers in terminal clusters Bloom time Spring to fall Soil type welldrained sandy soil39 occasionally moist sites Maximum height 3 feet Candidate for home gardens Excellent but often somewhat dif cult to grow both larval host and nectar source Availability in nursery Readily available Frenquency in the Wild Common Habitat sandhills pine atwoods hardwood forests ruderal County Alachua Baker Bay Bradford Brevard Calhoun Charlotte Citrus Clay Collier Columbia De Soto Dixie Duval Escambia Gadsden Gilchrist Gulf Hamilton Hernando Highlands Hillsborough Jackson Jefferson Lafayette Lake Lee Leon Levy Liberty Madison Manatee Marion MiamiDade Nassau Okaloosa Okeechobee Orange Osceola Palm Beach Pasco Pinellas Polk Putnam Santa Rosa Sarasota Seminole St Johns St Lucie Sumter Suwannee Taylor Union Volusia Wakulla Walton Full sun 0 Drought tolerant Home Carphephorus paniculatus Deer39s Tongue Carphephoms paniculatus F amin name Asteraceae Host plant for none General description Herbaceous perennial With single erect leafy stem arising from basal rosette that bears dense elongated cylindrical terminal cluster of small purple owers Showy and distinctive addition to the fall garden Tolerates dry to moist well drained soils in full sun locations Plant in groups for best display Propagate by seed or root division Flowers attract butter ies and other pollinators Type Perennial ower Flower Dense elongated cluster of purple owers Bloom time Fall Soil type Moist or rather dry welldrained sandy soils Maximum height 3 feet Candidate for home gardens Distinctive landscape plant for fall garden Availability in nursery Not commercially available Grown by wild ower enthusiasts Frenquency in the Wild Common Habitat pine atwoods County Alachua Baker Bradford Brevard Calhoun Charlotte Citrus Clay Collier Columbia De Soto Dixie Duval Flagler Franklin Gilchrist Gulf Hamilton Hardee Hernando Highlands Hillsborough Indian River Jackson Jefferson Lake Leon Levy Liberty Madison Manatee Marion Martin Nassau Okaloosa Okeechobee Orange Osceola Palm Beach Pasco Pinellas Polk Putnam Santa Rosa Seminole St Johns St Lucie Sumter Taylor Union Volusia Wakulla Full sun 1 Moderate watering EmilyGrace Berger 7 Field Notes 7 Sawgrass Lake Park 7 92212 1125 AM Conditions sunny warm occasional breeze mildly humid approx mid 80s F King Snake rst sited near Visitor s Center Banded design not yet fully developed yellow in some areas approx 2 long Sulfur Butter y 7 Yellow Two types of Oak trees Live Oak 7 99 Branched spread out chunky blocky bark evergreen leaves bright only at top withstands strong windsstorms Laurel Oak 7 98 Bright shiny green on topbottom leaf smooth bark stand erect Spanish Moss 7 183 Epiphyte Growing on Laurel and Like Oak trees related to Pineapple not really moss 7 it is a real plant Ball Moss 7 183 Clustered found on fallen twigs between two oaks not true moss Lichen 7 Found also on twigs w Ball Moss small patched algaefungi feed off and for each other for support Inside Visitor s Center 7 1140 AM Conditions cool and shady Stuffed animals sighted Bobcat Diamond Rattlesnake Gopher Tortoise Screech Owls and Great Horned Owls Back Outside EmilyGrace Berger 7 Field Notes 7 Sawgrass Lake Park 7 92212 Beauty Berry 7 Clusters of purpleish edible but soapy tasting berries Leaves are fuzzyrigid single bladed simple leaf leaf buds identi ed by pinate petiolebuds identi able odor Tropical Sage 7 170 Same family as sage herb red owers Porter Weed 7 Butter y plant purple owers toothed structure soft fuzzy wrinkly leaves CrabLike Spine Orb Weaver 7 Spider Spikey crab resemblance can move whole web to new locations Wild Coffee 7 common plant 124 Textured leaf all around green to dark purple berries 56 Resurrection Fern 7 88 Browns wo water resurrects when hydrated to green Lantana 7 NN 7 ower Soft fuzzy teethed aromatic leaves grows in patched variety of colors owers never remain same color Cabbage Sable Palm 7 106 Edible heart heart of palm salad one of 2 native to FL trunk has no sap therefore all palm trees are grass state tree Alligator in water young yellow stripe Brown Anole 7 NN 286 Lizard from Cuba habitat in F1 up to Ga Virginia Creeper 7 161 Found on Laurel Oak leaves in clusters of 5 Elderbe 7 plant 122 Normally dark purple clusters of sweete dibble berries compound leaves Air Potato 7 N N vine EmilyGrace Berger 7 Field Notes 7 Sawgrass Lake Park 7 92212 Invasive species not edible grows white hard spudlike fruit heartshaped leaves thin trunk Orchard Spider 7 Small black w orange dots on abdomen Common Beggar Tick 7 145 5 white petals yellow middle seeds 7 two bards 7 ride on clothfur surfaces Senna 7 Whiteyellow buttercuplike buds at end compound pinate diamond ovate lea ets Poke Weed 7 Dark purple berriesstem will stain Florida Softshell Turtle 7 284 Meaner than most species pointy nose Hydrilas 7 Underwater Giant Leather Fern 7 87 Biggest in F1 up to 6 tall long leathery leaves Royal Fern 7 Red Maple 7 103 As all maples 7 sugar out of wood most common in F1 tall Southern Fox Grape 7 161 Leaves look like fox face green produce edible grapes Parrow 7 NN Edible roots wazy leaves look like elephant ears Dahoon Holly 7 121 Big broad leaved nonedible berries in small clusters smooth on both sides of leaves Golden Silk Spider 7 EmilyGrace Berger 7 Field Notes 7 Sawgrass Lake Park 7 92212 Yellow body black hair on joints yellow web Spatterdock 7 192 Yellow plants w heart shaped pads oat on water Sichlings 7 Brown Fish ShelfFungus 7 Mushrooms on trees Marsh Rabbit 7 365 Small ears rare distinct tail WaxMyrtle 7 111 Scented leaves extremely ammable long thin Common Primrose Willow 7 158 Yellow owers Sweet Bay 7 102 Dark greensilver leaves odorous long can use in cooking Red Bay 7 101 Green on both sides odor 50 60 tall diseased can have Galls larvae pods on leaves Swallow Tail Butter y 7 Has tail black Monarch 7 White spots on back black lining on wings Osprey 7 bird 315 EmilyGrace Berger 7 Myakka River State Park 7 102012 Time approx 1120 AM Conditions mid 80s clear skies Wild Boar burrows 7 no natural predators feral Resurrection Fern Wild Pine 7 looks like ball moss and pine mixed Ball Moss Spanish Moss Lichen ChristmasBatten rouge 7 red w white Cabbage Palm Wild Bamboo 7thoms Shoestring Fern 7 looks like hair Serpent Fern 7 small orange dots on underside BoatmenWater bugs 7 swim atop water black Poison Ivy Virginia Creeper Birds 7 Turkey Vulture White Ibis 7 white orange bealdfeet Snowy Egret 7 white yellow feet black beak Tricolored Egret 7 greyblue in color Alligator On trail 7 Cesar weed 7 purple weed ower with thistles
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