Women, Abolition, and Religion in 19th Century America
Women, Abolition, and Religion in 19th Century America REL 341
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Date Created: 10/21/15
REL 341W SP 341HST 387AAS 400 Women Abolition and Religion in 19thcentury America Spring 2009 Wednesdays and Fridays 12245205 PM 111 Eggers Hall Dr Marcia C Robinson Professor O ice 511 Hall of Languages Of ce Hours Wednesdays 215315 PM when no Religion Dept faculty meeting and by appointment email mrobinsonmooneyaolcom or mrobin03syredu NB When emailing please use both addresses Department of Religion Main Of ce 501 Hall of Languages This course focuses upon the role that religion may have played in women s understandings of themselves as abolitionists social reformers and human beings The central gure of this course is Frances Ellen Watkins Harper a prominent AfricanAmerican abolitionist poet essayist novelist and social activist who de ned herself and other Black women activists in christological terms Other major gures whom we will examine include Sarah and Angelina Grimk and Elizabeth Cady Stanton As with Harper our concern in studying each of these women is to see how religion especially the Christian religion played a prominent role positive andor negative in self de nition and social reform Focusing on the role of religion in these women s lives and self definitions will also allow us to look brie y at their relation to other women in the movement including Harriet Beecher Stowe Maria W Stewart Mary Ann Shadd Cary and Matilda J oslyn Gage Our study will begin and end however with Harper s work We will analyze Harper s writings letters essays poems speeches stories at the beginning of the course in order to consider the question of Black women s identity that she raises and answers in Christian terms particularly in regard to 19th century cultural ideals of femininity We will return to Harper s work at the end of the course as we close our discussion of critical feminist views of religion and especially Christianity In this way we will not only have a particular woman s story as a point of orientation out of which to begin and to end our historical and critical reconstruction of the broader story of women and religion in the abolitionist movement But we will also have a good summary of the issues of race gender and class that have permeated our study It is my hope that students will leave the course not only with an appreciation of each of these women in their diversity and complexity but also with an awareness and appreciation of the signi cance of religion particularly Christianity in American women s selfunderstandings Central Questions of the Course I What role does abolitionism play in women s emerging self consciousness in 19th century America 2 How does religion factor into their understanding of themselves as women abolitionists and social activists focusing upon women39s andor Black people39s civil rights 3 In light of tensions around race class and gender in the abolitionist and other social reform movements what does liberation mean How do the conceptions provided by gures such as Harper the Grimk s and Cady Stanton reveal who is considered to be human woman and free and who is not How do the conceptions provided by Harper and those like her challenge those of Cady Stanton and others And how does religion serve both as a problem and a corrective in these tensions Required Assignments Attendance Policy and Grading Scale A student s course grade will be divided into three main parts 1 a collection of short paragraphs identifying issues in the primary readings along with participation in class discussion of primary readings 2 one take home examination at mid term and 3 nal paperproject Each of these assignments will be worth up to 100 points The nal grade will be an average of the three Short Paragraphs and Class Discussion Participation Since reading and discussion are as essential to this course as the lectures it will be imperative that all students do the readings for each class session before coming to class It will also be imperative for students to bring their books andor copies of the assigned readings for the day to every class You will not receive full credit for attendance or participation without bringing your readings Students will be asked to prepare short paragraphs for most of the primary readings In these paragraphs students should identify what they think are the issues raised in the text They should also include any questions that they think are pertinent to our discussion These paragraphs will not be graded individually but they will be graded as a group At the beginning of the course paragraphs may be turned in after discussion in order to provide students with some comments about their writing and writing expectations PARAGRAPHS SHOULD BE TYPED ON CLEAN PAPER Students should keep copies of their paragraphs for their own bene t and just in case an extra copy is needed These paragraphs will constitute one part of what is essentially a participation grade The other part of this grade will be participation in class discussion Writing issues paragraphs should help each student to participate in class discussion in a focused and disciplined way Students will want to participate in a regular and thoughtful way Therefore careful consideration should be given to the paragraphs and to remarks made or questions asked in class My Teaching Assistant and I will base this participation grade short paragraphs and discussionon quality as well as regularity of participation One Examination There will be one examination given in the course It will be a take home essay exam Students will respond to two sets of questions on Harper Beecher Stowe abolitionism and womanhood as we will have discussed these topics by March 6 Exam essays will be no more than two pages each for a total of four pages Essays should be typed on clean paper double spaced and put in an easy to read 12point font for example Times New Roman Essays will be due after Spring Break on March 18 2008 They will be graded and returned around April 3 2008 Final PaperProject Students will have the choice of doing a nal paper of no more than 1012 pages doublespaced typed or a creative project with a 23 page rationale doublespaced typed The paper or project must focus on the relationship between religion and women s self understanding and refer to Harper in some way Students may Wish to compare Harper to another social reformer studied extensively in the course Harriet Beecher Stowe Maria Stewart one of the Grimke sisters or Elizabeth Cady Stanton Students should plan to discuss their paper topics with me some time after Good Friday Students are encouraged to take advantage of my Wednesday afternoon of ce hour in order to do so and will be required to declare their intentions by April 24 2009 References footnotes or bibliographies should conform to the University of Chicago style therefore students are encouraged to use Kate Turabian s style manual A nal note on attendance tardiness and breaks Attendance is required A roll will be passed around each period and will serve as a record of basic attendance F ull attendance means actual presence and preparedness for class which is exemplified by having one s paragraphs and especially one s books Attendance will not add points to a student s grade However if you are regularly absent or late your nal grade will be reduced by 5 paintsfor every missed class andor for every instance of tardiness Therefore make sure that you attend as much and as fully as possible and that you Sign the role One absence and one instance of tardiness will be allowed After that it is the student s responsibility to explain any exceptional absences illness or death in the family or tardiness Students should also go to the restroom make phone calls or attend to any other business BEFORE or AFTER class Excessive exiting and entering without evidence of illness will also result in a 5point penalty for each occurrence Grade Scale A 95100 A 9094 B 87 89 B 84 86 B 80 83 C 77 79 C 747 6 C 707 3 D 60 69 F 0 59 Fractions of points will be rounded to the nearest whole point only at my discretion and only in regard to the nal grade No rounding off will apply to individual assignments Expectations Attendance Students are expected to attend each class session regularly and timely 4 Preparation Students are expected to prepare discuss andor to submit all assignments when due Tardy work will not be accepted Problems If you have problems with the assignments or anything else that might affect your performance please contact me immediately If you cannot reach me during of ce hours or after class please email me TENTATIVE COURSE SCHEDULE WeekDate Topic 1 January 1416 Wed Jan 14 Opening Lecture on the life and work of Frances Ellen Watkins Harper FILM Sankofa First 20 mins Take notes on the lm for our discussion next week Fri Jan 16 FILM Sankofa Conti Continue to take notes on the lm for our discussion next week 2 January 2123 Religion Harper and Black Women s SelfDe nition Wed Jan 21 Discussion and interpretation of Sankofa underscoring the role of religion in Black women s selfde nition Lecture on Harper and on reading and interpreting Harper s novels short stories and poems Read Foster s and William Still s Introductions in Iola Leroy Fri Jan 23 Frances Harper s Iola Leroy and the issue of Black Womanhood Read Chapts IVIII in Iola Leroy Write a short paragraph identifying at least ve issues in these chapters Also read Brighter Coming Day pp43102 most of Part 1 Focus on Harper s letters her poems on slave mothers the slave auction Harriet Beecher Stowe and Eliza Harris Bible defense of slavery free labor and the Cleveland UnionSavers and her essays on Christianity the Colored people of America and the record of every 3 January 2830 4 February 46 5 February 1113 6 February 1820 5 human heart Start reading Chapters 27 in We Are Your Sisters We will refer to these chapters in class discussion over the next two weeks Wed Jan 28 Read Iola Leroy Chapts IXXIH Prepare paragraph Read Our Greatest Want and the Two Offers in Brighter Coming Day pp 102 l 14 Continue readings in We are Your Sisters Fri Jan 30 Read Iola Leroy Chapts XIVXXII Prepare paragraph Read Harper s letters in Part H and the introduction and excerpt from Harper s Aunt Chloe stories in Brighter Coming Day pp 121134 137 196209 Finish readings in We are Your Sisters Wed Feb 4 Read Iola Leroy Chapts XXIII XXIX Prepare paragraph Read Harper s speeches in Brighter Coming Day pp 216222 270275 Fri Feb 6 Read Iola Leroy Chapters XXX to the end including the closing Note Prepare paragraph Readings from Brighter Coming Day pp 135136 138166 top 223230 275279 285292 321324 335 336 391393 Wed Feb 11 Frances Harper and the Relationship between Black and White Women Interpreting Iola Leroy Lecture and Discussion Bring Iola Leroy and Brighter Coming Day to class Read Welter Chapter 2 on reserve and Yee Chapters 23 Fri Feb 13 Discussion and lecture on Harper s conception of black womanhood continued Read Carby Chapter 4 on reserve Also read Maria Stewart s address on religion in the Richardson anthology at pp 28 42 and Cott Chapter 4 on religion at pp 126159 You may nd Richardson s introduction to Stewart at pp 327 of her anthology helpful for understanding Stewart Bring Iola Leroy and Brighter Coming Day to class Wed Feb 18 Lecture and discussion Read Carby Chapter 2 and Collins Chapters 1 2 pp 119 2939 4143 Chapter 3 pp 4555 top Chapter 4 pp 6996 FOCUS ON CARBY CHAPTER 2 COLLINS CHAPTER 4 Collins is on reserve in Bird Library The edition of 7 February 2527 8 March 46 6 Black Feminist Thought that we are using is the 2000 edition Bring Iola Leroy and Brighter Coming Day to class Fri Feb 20 In light of our reading and class discussion of Harper thus far write two paragraphs in which you consider Harper s conception of Black women s identity Then read the excerpts from Maria Stewart s addresses in We Are Your Sisters at pp 153159 Some of these speeches appear unabridged in the Richardson anthology Note esp the unabridged versions of her addresses before the AfricAmerican Female Intelligence Society and the Masonic Hall at pp 5064 in Richardson For discussion of your short papers two paragraphs on Harper consider the similarities and dissimilarities between Harper and Stewart Sterling s editing of Stewart s speeches in We Are Your Sisters should help you to see how you might do this Wed Feb 25 Harriet Beecher Stowe Frances Harper and Womanhood in White and Black Lecture and Discussion Read rst volume of Uncle Tom s Cabin Also browse Chapters 45 in Stewart s Holy Warriors on abolitionism and politics In discussing Beecher Stowe and Harper I will refer to both women s relations to antislavery politics particularly in Maine F ri Feb 27 Discussion and Writing Assignment Continue discussion of rst volume of Uncle Tom is Cabin In a few paragraphs outline some of the issues raised Compare to Iola Leroy That is where there is overlap consider how Harper treats the same issues Note especially the way in which women are presented Wed March 4 Read second volume of Uncle Tom s Cabin In a few paragraphs outline some of the issues raised Compare to Iola Leroy Harper s letter to William Still from Oct 20 1854 in Brighter Coming Day pp 4445 and Chapter VI in Solomon Northrup s narrative Twelve Years a Slave on reserve as an electronic resource via the intemet Consider how Harper treats the same issues as Beecher Stowe yet recognizes the limits of poetry particularly in acknowledging Northrup s experience You may nd other parts of Northrup s narrative useful Note especially the way in which women are presented in Stowe s Harper s and Northrup s pieces I may also refer to Toni Morrison s Beloved which is on reserve for your use if you wish to look at it mention it in our discussions or to use it in your nal paper 9 March 913 10 11 March 1827 10 Fri March 6 Finish discussion of Harriet Beecher Stowe and Frances Harper Review for TakeHome Exam after regular class lecture and discussion Exam questions will be passed out after the review Exam will cover all materials covered up to this point Come with questions Once exam is distributed you will not be able to ask content related questions SPRING BREAK NO CLASSES You may nd James Brewer Stewart s Holy Warriors helpful for our discussions when you return from Spring Break therefore you might start reading it Note especially Chapters 67 and his assessments of the motives of white abolitionists AntiSlavery Movements in the United States and Women s Societies within the Immediatist Movement of the 19tll Century Wed March 18 TakeHome Exam Due amp General Lecture on AntiSlavery Movements in the United States TAKEHOME EXAM DUE AT 1245 THEY W H L BE COLLECTED DURING THE FIRST 10 MINUTES OF THE CLASS PERIOD AntiSlavery and Abolitionism in the United States from the American Revolution to the Market Revolution and the Second Great Awakening Sentiment Enlightenment Colonization Gradualism Immediatism and Religion Lecture and discussion We will bring our discussion of womanhood and its social economic and religious context in 19thcentury America into a discussion of the anti slavery cause in general and the abolition movement in particular Read selections in Against Slavery An Abolitionist Reader at pp 1 1 28 misc gures 3845 Frederick Douglass 112117 119122 William Lloyd Garrison s essay against the Constitution and creed 176191Channing on slavery and abolition mixing religion and Enlightenment ideas You may also nd it helpful to review Chapters 13 of Stewart s Holy Warriors l0 11 Fri March 20Wed March 25 Female AntiSlavery Societies Urban Associations and Tactics Over the next two class sessions we will discuss female antislavery societies within the abolitionist movement of the 19th century in two major ways 1 in regard to speci c female antislavery societies in large cities and their particular leaders and issues and 2 in regard to tactics used by these and other female anti slavery societies including tactics to deal with racism Since these discussions will be fairly dense we will divide into groups in order to cover all of the topics Some groups will cover speci c female antislavery societies in New York City Boston and Philadelphia while other groups will cover the way in which women in these groups mctioned one dealing with issues like petitioning the other dealing with tactics in regard to race There will be at least 10 minutes for groups to discuss their presentation Afterwards there will be presentations of no more than 10 minutes by a spokesperson for each group This will give us at least 20 minutes of free discussion around the presentations We will cover the three major female antislavery societies rst and then attend to women s anti slavery tactics Fri March 20 New York Boston and Philadelphia Female Anti Slavery Societies The students in the groups covering this topic should read Yellin Chapters 2 4 and Sklar pp 7778 100 107 112 114 135141 163165 Choose one of the three female anti slavery groups in the reading and be prepared to discuss how religion might have both empowered and hindered women in these associations especially in light of our work in Cott Chapt 4 on religion Bring the Cott reading to class with the other readings Prepare a paragraph to facilitate group discussion Wed March 25 Antislavery Women and Their Tactics The students in the groups covering this topic should read Chapters 910 13 in Yellin and Yee Chapters 1 45 Use the broad array of selections in We are Your Sisters at pp 104 159 top through end of Maria Stewart entry 164180 Mary Ann Shadd Cary and Sarah Parker Remond and the letters in Sklar at pp 8485 96100 to ground these readings That is browse this material noting things that elaborate or elucidate the secondary reading This material focuses on petitioning and other antislavery women s activities as well as Black social reform organizations and BlackWhite relations in the broader female antislavery societies You might also nd Gerda Lerner s article in Document 19 at pp 175193 in Feminist Writings of Sarah Grimke helpful but it is not required 11 March 27 12 April 13 Be prepared to identify issues around petitioning and other political activities With regard to race note how they dealt with it and what united and separated Black and White women abolitionists Refer to the primary sources in the Sterling and Sklar anthologies Prepare a paragraph to facilitate group discussion NO CLASS I will be away at a conference Take this time to think about what gures andor topics you would like to do your nal paper or project on for the semester Wed April 1 Abolition Religion and Feminism Sarah and Angelina Grimk and White Women s SelfDe nition Read the rst speech in the Appendix of Angelina s writings in Lemer s biography The Grimk Sisters of South Carolina pp 277 279 and Angelina and Sarah Grimk selections in Against Slavery An Abolitionist Reader pp 197206 Outline the arguments of these three speeches in three separate paragraphs Note issues of particular interest to you for class discussion being attentive to the role of religion in these essays In order to get a sense of the context of these speeches and the women who wrote them read Chapters 111 in Lemer s Grimke39 Sisters of South Carolina Focus on Chapters 1 811 For a preliminary discussion of Sarah s and Angelina s religious positions read Chapters 3 4 in Speicher pp 6188 with focus on the Grimk s Note In your reading of the Grimk s over the next few weeks you may nd the Grimke39 selections in Sklar especially Angelina s letters to Jane Smith helpful I may also refer to these selections in class discussion Fri April 3 Read Catherine Beecher s essay to Angelina Grimk and Angelina Grirnk s letter to Catherine Beecher in Against Slavery An Abolitionz39st Reader pp 207 223 and Angelina Grimk s essay at pp 142145 in Sklar Read the context of this exchange in Chapter 12 of Lerner s Grimke Sisters of South Carolina pp139154 Also read Speicher Chapter 5 focus on the Grimk s Outline and then brie y compare the positions of Beecher and Grimk in no more than three paragraphs That is write a paragraph on the Beecher piece and then one on the Grimk piece The third should be a brief comparison of the two women Include in your analysis a brief discussion of the role of religion in these women s arguments 13 April 810 14 April 1517 10 Wed April 8 Read Documents 35 8 12 13 at pp 56 68 7585 107122 in Feminist Writings of Sarah Grimk Also read Chapter 6 in Speicher focusing on the Grimke s After reading these six short essays by Sarah Grimke write three paragraphs discussing the common arguments and themes in 35 8 and 12 Then write a separate paragraph discussing the way in which essay 13 is both similar and different from the other essays Pay attention to the role of religion in Sarah s arguments in all six essays As you are able nish reading the biography Grimk Sisters of South Carolina Chapters 1319 Read the rest of Angelina Grimk s essays in the biography s Appendix at pp 280291 also as you have time noting especially the second speechpp 280 284 with Chapter 15 of the biography You might also nd Chapter 7 and Conclusion in Speicher with focus on the Grimk s helpful as you consider the role of religion in both women s social activism and self conceptions Fri April 10 GOOD FRIDAY NO CLASS DECIDE WHAT YOU WILL DO FOR A FINAL PAPER OR PROJECT Wed April 15 Religion Feminism and Reform the Grimk Sisters and Elizabeth Cady Stanton The rst part of the day will be a wrapup discussion of the Grimke s The second part of the day will focus on Elizabeth Cady Stanton First part Finish Discussion of Grimke39s Write two to three paragraphs that bring together your understanding of the Grimke39s conception of White women s identity as human beings and social reformers Attend to their concerns about Black people s humanity in the face of White racism especially Black women s humanity Also attend to the role of religion in their social activism Refer to Harper and other Black women abolitionists we have studied where appropriate Be prepared to present and discuss your position in class Second part In the Elizabeth Cady StantonSusan B Anthony Reader read Part I Introduction through Document 3 and Document 6 at pp 252 7885 Pick one of the four documents listed here and write two paragraphs in which you identify the main argument and any other key issues If you see a theme or themes running through Documents 13 and 6 feel free to identify itthose as well See also Sklar 172179 15 April 2224 16 Wed May 6 11 Note In preparing for today s discussion you might nd Davis Chapters 2 3 and Sklar pp 176 165179 helpful Fri April 17 Religion Feminism and Reform Elizabeth Cady Stanton and White Women s SelfDe nition Read Part 11 Introduction through Document 8 and Document 10 pp 88124 131138 in the StantonAnthony Reader Write two separate paragraphs in which you identify at least four issues in Documents 8 and 10 individually You may link the two paragraphs if you nd common themes and issues Also read Harper essay in Sklar at pp 196199 and Davis Chapters 4 7 Wed April 22 Elizabeth Cady Stanton Feminism and Religion We will spend most of the class today discussing Cady Stanton on the Bible with references to Matilda J oslyn Gage Stanton s colleague To this end read Part III Introduction pp 172200 and Documents 19 and 20 pp 228 254 in the StantonAnthony Reader Read Schiissler F iorenza Chapter 1 pp 7 14 on reserve And browse Chapter VIII in Matilda J oslyn Gage s Woman Church and State on reserve Use Cady Stanton s views on religion and the Bible along with other works by her discussed earlier to help you write an assessment of her conception of womanhood Be sure to address Document 19 in the StantonAnthony Reader in your assessment Fri April 24 Last Day of Class Closing Lecture and Discussion of Final Papers and Projects Part 1 The rst part of the class session today will be devoted to a brief summary lecture of the course Part 2 The last part of the class today will be devoted to discussing your nal papers and projects By this point you will need to have reviewed course materials and decided whether you will do a paper or a project You will also need to have decided exactly what you will do Come to class ready to discuss your choice and topic with me alter the nal lecture FINAL PAPERSPROJECTS DUE IN 501 HALL OF LANGUAGES BY 400 PM 12 Required Reserve and Recommended Readings A 10 11 12 13 14 Required Texts The following books are available in the Syracuse University Bookstore Where possible required readings are also made available on course reserve in Bird Library This is done primarily for students who may have a nancial hardship in purchasing all of the required materials for the course Harper Frances Ellen Watkins Iola Leroy or Shadows Upli ed Schomburg Library of 19th century Black Women Writers New York Oxford University Press 1988 A Brighter Coming Day A Frances Ellen Watkins Harper Reader ed Frances Smith Foster New York Feminist Press at City University of New York 1990 Sterling Dorothy ed WeAre Tour Sisters Black Women in the 19 Century New York W W Norton 1984 Stowe Harriet Beecher Uncle Tom s Cabin New York Random House Lowance Mason ed Against Slavery An Abolitionist Reader New York Penguin 2000 Lerner Gerda The Grimke Sisters from South Carolina Pioneers for Woman39s Rights and Abolition New York Oxford University Press 1998 Grimke Sarah The Feminist Thought of Sarah Grimke ed Gerda Lerner New York Oxford University Press 1998 Stanton Elizabeth Cady The Elizabeth Cady StantonSusan B Anthony Reader ed Ellen Carol DuBois Rev ed Boston Northeastern University Press 1992 Yellin Iean Fagan and John C Van Horne eds The Abolitionist Sisterhood Women39s Political Culture in AntebellumAmerica Ithaca Cornell University Press 1994 Yee Shirley I Black Women Abolitionists A Study in Activism 1828 1860 Knoxville University of Tennessee Press 1992 Reserve Readings in Bird Library The following materials are on course reserve in Bird Library We will read short selections om these titles as indicated Carby Hazel Reconstructing Womanhood The Emergence of theA n American Woman Novelist New York Oxford University Press 1987 Chapters 2 4 Cott Nancy F The Bonds of Womanhood VIman s Sphere in New England 17801835 2 1 ed New Haven CT Yale University Press 1997 Chapter 4 Davis Angela Y Women Race and Class New York Vintage Books Random House 1983 Lerner Gerda ed Black Women in WhiteAmericaA Documentary History New York Vintage Books Random House 1972 Photocopied Selections 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 13 Northrup Solomon Twelve TearsA Slave Narrative of Solomon Northrup a Citizen of NewYork IGdnapped in Washington City in 1841 and Resch in 1853 from a Cotton Plantation Near the Red River in Louisiana Auburn NY Derby and Miller 1853 Electronic resource available Via the internet through Bird Library Morrison Toni BelovedA Novel New York Alfred Knopf Random House 1987 Yellin Jean Pagan and John C Van Horne eds The Abolitionist Sisterhood Women39s Political Culture in AntebellumAmerica Ithaca Cornell University Press 1994 Chapters 24 9 11 13 The remaining chapters are also noteworthy and might be used in preparing nal papers Collins Patricia Hill Black Feminist Thought Knowledge Consciousness and the Politics of Empowerment 2nd ed New York Routledge 2000 Chapters 1 4 see tentative schedule for readings Schiissler Fiorenza Elisabeth In Memory of Her A Feminist Theological Reconstruction oberistian Origins Tenth anniversary ed New York Crossroad 1998 Chapter 1 especially pp 714 on Cady Stanton s Woman s Bible Sklar Katherine Kish Women s Rights Emerges within the Anti slavery Movement 18301870 A Brief History with Documents Boston BedfordSt Martin s 2000 Speicher Anna M The Religious World ofAntislaveiy Women Spirituality in the Lives of Five Abolitionist Lecturers Syracuse NY Syracuse University Press 2000 Stewart James Brewer Holy Warriors TheAbolitionists and American Slavery Rev ed New York Hill and Wang 1996 Stewart Maria W Maria W Stewart America s First Black Woman Political Writer Essays and Speeches ed Marilyn Richardson Bloomington IN Indiana University Press 1987 Gage Matilda Josyln Woman Church and State Unabridged ed New York Humanity Books 2002 Chapter VIII required Note though the Introduction and Chapter IX Welter Barbara Dimity Convictions TheAmerican Woman in the 19 Century Athens Ohio University Press 1976 Chapter 2 Yee Shirley J Black Women Abolitionists A Study in Activism 18281860 Knoxville University of Tennessee Press 1992 Recommended Texts in the Syracuse University Bookstore The following books are available in the SU Bookstore for purchase next to the required texts Available editions of these books have also been placed on course reserve in Bird Library Note The library editions may not be the same as those in the bookstore Stanton Elizabeth Cady The Woman39s Bible Boston Northeastern University Press 1993 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 14 Stewart Maria W Maria W Stewart America s First Black Woman Political Writer Essays and Speeches ed Marilyn Richardson Bloomington IN Indiana University Press 1987 Gage Matilda Josyln Woman Church and State Unabridged ed New York Humanity Books 2002 Cott Nancy F The Bonds of Womanhood Woman s Sphere in New England 1780 1835 2nd ed New Haven CT Yale University Press 1997 Davis Angela Y Women Race and Class New York Vintage Books Random House 1983 Speicher Anna M The Religious World ofAntislavery Women Spirituality in the Lives of Five Aholitionist Lecturers Syracuse NY Syracuse University Press 2000 Stewart James Brewer Holy Warriors The Aholitionists and American Slavery Rev ed New York Hill and Wang 1996 Material for Further Reading If you are interested in reading more on slavery womanist theology abolition and American religious and cultural history you might note the following titles Grant Jacquelyn White Women s Christ and Black Women39sjesus Feminist Christology and Womanist Response Atlanta The Scholar39s Press 1989 I will refer to Chapters VII in lecture Townes Emilie ed A Trouhlin39 in My Soul Maryknoll NY Orbis Books 1993 Note essays by Martin Copeland Riggs Townes Grant Cannon and Gilkes LaCugna Catherine Mowry ed Freeing Theology The Essentials of Theology in Feminist Perspective 1st ed San Francisco HarperSanFrancisco 1993 Mary Aquin O Neill s essay Giddings Paula When and Where I Enter The Impact of Black Women on Race and Sex in America New York Bantam Books 1988 Sanders Cheryl J ed Living the Intersection Womanism and A ocentrism in Theology Minneapolis Fortress 1995 Note essays by Brown Douglas and McDowell Tate Claudia Domestic Allegories of Political Desire New York Oxford University Press 1992 Jeffrey Julie Roy The Great SilentArmy ofAholitionism Ordinary Women in the Antislavery Movement Chapel Hill University of North Carolina Press 1998 Jordan Winthrop White Over Black American Attitudes Toward the Negro 1550 1812 Chapel Hill The University of North Carolina Press 1968 Yellin Jean Pagan Women and Sisters The Antislavery Feminists in American Culture New Haven Yale University Press 1989 Ahlstrom Sydney A Rel39yious History of the American People New Haven CT Yale University Press 1972 There is a new edition now available but the library may not own it
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