International Relations PSC 124
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Date Created: 10/21/15
FACT SHEET Citizens for Global Solutions International Criminal Court At a Glance Rome Statute The ihterhatiohai Crirhihai Court iCC was created by a treaty caiied the Rome Statute Which ehtered intoforoe on Juiy 1 2002 I By March 2005 a cannula had ratified the Rome Statute and Joined the iCC Most of the democracies of the Worid are members of the i3 inoiuding Britain Canada Austraiia Germany France and rhahyot Theicc ohiy proseou o Glnmldoi o Warcrlmaeiarid o Crlmumlnat Humanity ers tes the Worst of the Worst crimes Govemanoe i at UiliLli iV Lli iiaiiu iLi ii tpait i am that has signed the Rome Statute The Assembiy of States Parties arhohg other duties o iects the iudges and the prosecutor and cah remove them it they raii to uphoid their duties and ebates and votes on any amendments to the Rome Statute People The iCC has isyudges Whoserve hiheyear nonrenewabie terms The first isyudges were eiected ih February 2003 Canadian Phllllppe Klreon was seiected as the first resident or chieryudge I ThefirstP i trim on I The Registrar Bruno Camila of France Who Wiii oversee the administration of the Court Was eiected June 24 2003 for a term of five years Jurisdiction The iCC ohiy has yurisdictioh over crimes committed sihce July L 2002 nrii when nl onil court Iyatems Ire unwilllnl or unable to do no ii aii h i rh Lli Lli i t if o The accused is a citizeh orah iCC member state o The aiieged crirhe took piaoe oh the territory orah iCC member state o The UN ur yC uhcii asksth iCCto open ah ihyestigatioh or o Acouhtryyoiuhtariiyacceptsicciurisdictioh ylmuu i Building Pm Justice and Freedom In a Democrailcally Governed World MW Last Updated April 13 2005 FACT SH EET Crimes Genocide The Rome Statute defines genocide as any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy in whole or in part a national ethnical racial or religious group 0 Killing members of the group 0 Inflicting serious harm on members of the group includingtorture and rape o Deliberater inflicting conditions calculated to bring about the group s destruction such as withholding food or medicine or o Preventing births within the group or forcibly transferring children of the group to another group Crimes Against Humanity Drawing on existing agreements like the Convention against Torture the Rome Statute defines crimes against humanity as any of the following acts when committed as part of a widespread or systematic attack directed against any civilian population 0 Murder Torture or Enslavement includingtrafficking of women and children 0 Extermination includingwithholdingfood and medicine 0 Deportation or forcible transfer of population ethnic cleansing o Imprisonment or confinement in violation of fundamental rules of international law 0 Rape sexual slavery enforced prostitution forced pregnancy or enforced sterilization o Persecution against any identifiable group based on gender political affiliation race nationality ethnicity culture or religion or Enforced disappearance of persons War Crimes The Court has jurisdiction over war crimes that are committed as part of a plan or policy or as part of a largescale commission of such crimes Based on the Geneva Conventions the Rome Statute includes the following war crimes not a complete list Conscripting or enlisting children under age 15 into armed forces Taking hostages Intentionally directing attacks against civilians not participating in hostilities Intentionally directing attacks against peacekeepers and humanitarian aid workers Deliberately impeding reliefsupplies Use of poison gas or Rape sexual slavery enforced prostitution forced pregnancy or enforced sterilization Cases Currently Before the Court 0 So far three countries Uganda the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic have requested that the ICC investigate crimes committed on their territory 0 The Prosecutor has opened formal investigations into war crimes crimes against humanity and genocide committed in Uganda and the Democratic Republic of Congo 0 The Prosecutor has indicated that he will soon indict key individuals responsible forthe atrocities in those two countries 0 The Prosecutor is currently performing a preliminary analysis of the situation in the Central African Republic and will shortly decide whether it is serious enough to warrant a formal investigation 0 An ICC investigative team has also been sent to the Ivory Coast to perform a preliminary analysis and the Prosecutor recently announced that the Ivory Coast has voluntarily accepted ICCjurisdiction Building Peace Justice and Freedom in a Democratically Governed World wwwglobalsolutionsorg Last Updated April 13 2005