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An Introduction to the Analysis of Public Policy

by: Juwan Shields

An Introduction to the Analysis of Public Policy PAF 101

Marketplace > Syracuse University > Urban Affairs&Public Policy > PAF 101 > An Introduction to the Analysis of Public Policy
Juwan Shields
GPA 3.9


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Class Notes
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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Juwan Shields on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PAF 101 at Syracuse University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 74 views. For similar materials see /class/225660/paf-101-syracuse-university in Urban Affairs&Public Policy at Syracuse University.

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Date Created: 10/21/15
Module 4 Competition Debriefing Notes Students were asked to complete Module 4 Exercises 8186 on the following Societal Problem The drop out rate at Syracuse University is too high Proposed Policy Increase all scholarship assistance to sophomores with above a 25 GPA The following is a slideshow created to highlight common errors on exercises 8186 The errors are listed in totality with help ll instructions on the nal slide In this debrie ng each slide was created to show common errors on the exercise and includes a description of the errors beneath the slide for an easier time covering the material in class It is recommended that each student group is called on to critique one slide each identifying as many errors as they can For this competition the following data was provided to students for use in completing the exercises School Year First Year Drop Out Rate 20042005 76 20052006 83 20062007 99 20072008 91 Source Office of Institutional Research and Assessment Module 4 Competition Topic Problem The drop out rate at Syracuse University is too high Proposed Policy Increase all scholarship assistance to sophomores with above a 25 GPA Exercise 8 A a State your societal problem here including the geographic location you are focusing on Drop out rates a Restate your policy here including the geographic level of the policy eIncrease all scholarship assistance by 20 Exercise 81 A Problems Bullet 1 This is incomplete Missing geographic location and description too muchtoo little quali er Correct The drop out rate at Syracuse University is too high Bullet 2 This is incomplete and does not match the policy that was already created for the assignment Should be restated as Increase all scholarship assistance to sophomores with above a 30 GPA by 20 if they are already receiving assistance increase it by 1000 if they are not already receiving assistance Exercise 8 B Title of Chart Time Period Value of Source or Rationale Variable 2003 76 Professor Coplin 2004 83 Professor Coplin 2005 99 Professor Coplin 2006 91 Professor Coplin Exercise 81 B Problems No title Correct First Year Drop Out Rates at Syracuse University Time Periods should be school years EX 20032004 Also years are incorrect Source is incorrect Correct Of ce of Institutional Research and Assessment Exercise 82 A A Using the formula presented in Chapter 8 calculate the percent change between the first and second year of the data presented in 81 Write the percent change here a 165 Show the original formula and your calculations here new figureold gureold figure76 9191x100 92 Exercise 82 Problems Bullet l Incorrect percent change Correct 92 Bullet 2 0 Formula is incorrect Missing X 100 Calculations incorrect Uses 91 instead of 83 Calculations incorrect Uses new gure and old gure in opposite places Correct 83 7 76 76 X 100 000 Exerczse 8 3 lt State what three years you would set your benchmark for Briefly indicate why you have chosen those years If your societal problem involves education you must use academic years State what three years you set your benchmark for here 0 First year 2008 0 Second year 2009 0 Third year 2010 Briefly justify here 0 Because those were the next three years Exercise 83 Problems Bullet l 0 Years should be school years EX 20092010 0 The earliest the rst benchmark can be is 20102011 because you cannot set a benchmark until the policy has been implemented The earliest the policy could be implemented is the 20092010 school year because the 20082009 school year has already started Bullet 2 Poor justi cation Correct This policy is expected to have a rapid effect and so the three years immediately following the implementation of the policy in 20092010 were selected to judge how quickly and dramatically change occurs Exercise 84 Graph 12 10 percent Exercise 84 Problems No title Correct Historic and Forecast Graph for First Year Drop Out Rates at Syracuse University 20042010 Years should be school years EX 20062007 No break between historic and forecast data Correct Break in data between 20072008 and 20092010f No labels on forecasted years 2010f No source Should not have a legend No label for XaXis Exercise 84 Justification Write a clear justification of your forecast based on at least two ideas discussed in 84 of the chapter here Drop out rates should go down because in the past year it decreased People are getting smarter so not as many people will have to drop out Exercise 84 Justi cation Problems First Justi cation Incorrect While it does take into account the decrease over the most recent year it does not take into account the overall pattern of an increasing rate Correct The drop out rate will continue to increase because the pattern over the last four years shows a steady increase which will continue without intervention Second Justi cation Incorrect No basis for this conclusion Correct An outside in uence like professors spending more time with problem students will lead to a reduction in the number of dropouts Exercise 85 a After carefully reading the discussion in Chapter 8 indicate your three benchmarks in the spaces provided below that include the year the benchmark and the justi cation You must use at least two of the five guidelines for setting benchmarks discussed in 85 of Chapter 8 in at least two different justi cations Year Benchmark Justi cation 2008 2009 Drop out rate of 75 We can t expect a fast change or less Year Benchmark Justification 2009 2010 55 Alter two years everyone will know about the policy and will improve their grades so more people will be able to afford to stay in school and less will drop out Year Benchmark Justification 2010 2011 0 By three years the problem will be eliminated because no one will need to drop out Exercise 85 Problems Row 1 0 year is 20092010 00 Incorrect year Cannot benchmark until policy has been implemented so earliest Benchmark should be a speci c number not a phrase Correct 75 Poor justi cation Better Because the baseline shows a trend of a rising rate the immediate effects of the policy will not overcome this trend enough to reduce the rate too signi cantly Row 2 o This is satisfactory Justi cation is slightly unrealistic but otherwise takes into account other societal factors contributing to the problem like the cost of tuition which is one of the 85 guidelines Row 3 o Unrealistic benchmark Can never fully eradicate a problem like drop outs o Justi cation is repetitive Basically says there won t be drop outs because no one will drop out Better The rate will be signi cantly lower by the third year because scholarship assistance will be widespread and fewer students will be unable to afford to stay in school Exercise 8 6 B 3 Place a graph that shows the historical pattern baseline and benchmark forecasts below Follow the instructions in 84 and 86 from Chapter 8 to insert a trend line graph Drop out rates percent 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Years Exercise 86 B Problems Incomplete title Correct Historic Baseline and Benchmark Graph for First Year Drop Out Rates at Syracuse University 20042010 Years should be school years No distinction between baseline and Benchmark data Correct Lower squarepoint line is benchmark upper diamondpoint line is baseline No space between historic and baseline data No labels on Forecasted years Graph should not be in color Data portion of graph should not have a border No labels for Forecasted and Estimated Data Exercise 86 C ltgt C Place 3 bullet statements that you might put on a slide to brief the player on why you set the final benchmark for your polic where you set it Each bullet should reflect our 85 justi ications and should be no more than 10 wor s FOR REFERENCE 9 85 Justi cations were We can t expect a fast change After two years everyone will know about the policy and will improve their grades so more people wrl be able to afford to stay In school and less wrll drop out By three years the problem will be eliminated because no one will need to drop out lulu We can t expect fast change Increase in awareness results in more scholarships and fewer loans and therefore fewer drop outs Complete end to drop outs Exercise 86 C Problems Bullet 1 Not detailed but generally suf cient Bullet 2 Too wordy more than 10 words Better Awareness increases policy effectiveness Bullet 3 Unrealistic but sticks to 85 justi cation Exercise 8 6D e Place 3 bullet statements that you might put on a slide to brief the player on why reaching the benchmark would be a good thing relative to the costs of the policy here Each bullet should be related to your ratings in 71 72 and 73 and should be no more than 10 words Good grades are important Getting a 25 gpa is easy This is a good policy Exercise 86D Problems Bullet 1 While true it is unclean what this statement has to do with the policy Bullet 2 Does not say why this policy is good relative to the costs Bullet 3 This is too broad does not actually give a reason


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