Physiological Psychology PSY 4130
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Ms. Edgar Mosciski on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 4130 at Tennessee Tech University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 42 views. For similar materials see /class/225684/psy-4130-tennessee-tech-university in Psychlogy at Tennessee Tech University.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
Biological Psychology Test 1 Study Guide 1 What is the problem of other minds Take the animal of your choice and speculate on whether it thinks 2 what it thinks about and whether we can understand that a The problem of other minds is the difficulty of knowing whether other people or animals have conscious experiences b Dog Thinks Yes Thinks about food water sleep etc Ex the pool at Kris s house Some dogs would just lie down and make themselves comfortable while others would search to find a way out I think after more technology has advanced we will be able to understand their minds This question could go either ways She also walks into a room and leaves Shotzie with kids Identify and define the 4 biological explanations ofbehavior a Physiological activity of the brain and organs relates a behavior to the activity of the brain and other organs It deals with the machinery of the body for example the chemical reactions that enable hormones to in uence brain activity and the routes by which brain activity controls muscle contractions b Ontogenetic origin ofa behavior describes how a structure or behavior develops including the in uences of genes nutrition experiences and their interactions For example the ability to inhibit impulses develops gradually from infancy through the teenage years re ecting gradual maturation of the frontal parts of the brain Beginning of the structure or behavior c Evolutionary How does a certain action or behavior begin in our remote ancestors and why and how did we inherit that mechanism reconstructs the evolutionary history ofa structure or behavior For example frightened people get quotgoose bumps erections of the hairs especially on their arms and shoulders Goose bumps are useless to humans because our shoulder and arm hairs are so short In most other mammals however hair erection makes a frightened animal look larger and more intimidating d Functional why does a structure or a behavior involve as it is what advantage does it have describes why a structure or behavior evolved as it did Within a small isolated population a gene can spread by accident through a process called genetic drift For example a dominant male with many offspring spreads all his genes including neutral and harmful ones 3 What are organizing and activating effects of sex hormones Give examples of each 4 5 a Organizing Occurs mostly at a sensitive stage of development shortly before or after birth in rats and before birth in humans i They determine whether the brain and body will develop female or male characteristics ii Example Activating Occur at any time in life when a hormone temporarily activates a particular response iii Activating effects on an organ last longer than the hormone remains in an organ but they do not last indefinitely iv Example Puberty Identify intersexism What are three ways that it can manifest a Intersexism people whose sexual development is intermediate or ambiguous Anatomy intermediate between male amp female b 3 Ways intersexism manifests 1 Anatomy intermediate 2 Intermediate appearance of a typical 3 Hermaphrodite testis on one side ovary on the other Identify 3 mating behavior variations and discuss evolutionary explanations for each a Multiple mates by men pairbond or scatter genetic material b Mate choices men looks women stability men younger women older c Differences in jealousy men more jealous because of questioning the baby s father 6 What are the four DiamondSigmundson protocols for rearing an intersexed child Biological Basis of Behavior Study Guide Exam 2 1 Identify and de ne two disorders of movement a b Parkinson39s Disease 1 Malady caused by damage to dopamine pathway resulting in slow movements difficulty initiating movements rigidity of the muscles and tremors make sure that you say the following 5 things awakeningsthe body goes rigid muscle tremors slow movement dif culty initiation physical and mental activity slow on cognitive tasks like imagining events and actions can give practical examples borrow someone39s will to get started lady could not look outside because the oor is not patterned Huntington39s Disease 1 Inherited disorder characterized initially by jerky arm movements and facial twitches and later by tremors writhing movements and psychological symptoms including depression memory impairment hallucinations and delusions symptoms begin in corea arm jerks and facial twitches develops into rithing dance like movement the ability to learn and improve new movements is especially limited there are psychological disorders that come with Huntington39s depressions sleep disorder hallucinations 2 Identify and define four methods for studying the brain function page 113 can give example of each a b C d Correlate the anatomy of the brain with behavior Record brain activity during behavior Examine effects of brain dama e Examine effects of stimulation to the brain damage 3 Know and identify the functions of the medulla the Pons cerebellum thalamus hypothalamus occipital lobe frontal lobe parietal lobe and the temporal lobe a b P 5395 Iquot 41 Pquot L Medullacontrols some Vital re exes breathing heart rate vomiting salivation coughing and sneezing Pons this is the location where axons from each half of the brain cross to the opposite side of the spinal cord so that the left hemisphere controls the muscles of the right side of the body and the right hemisphere controls the left side Cerebellum controls and coordinates muscular activity and maintains balance functioning of sensory timing Thalamus relays sens0ry information to the vertebral cortex Concerned with awareness of all the main senses except for smell sensory switchboard for all but smell Hypothalamus controlling involuntary functions such as body temperature and the release of hormones controls all bodily circadian cycles Occipital lobedeals with the interpretation of Vision the pyramid shaped area at the back of each hemisphere of the brain Frontal lobe front part of each hemisphere of the brain responsible for mental tasks planning reason memory cognitive functions Parietal lobe the middle region of either of the two hemispheres of the brain lying beneath the crown of the skull responsible for determing where you are in space Temporal lobe contains the auditory center responsible for hearing either of two lobes of the brain located on the side of each cerebral hemisphere processing auditory information mostly verbal communication spoken information and language or sensory mot frontal codex co ex parletal lobe u quot lob broca39 area lobe temporal lobe Ixquot nerebEllum brain item