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PHL 223: Week 8

by: Paola Araque

PHL 223: Week 8 PHL 223

Paola Araque
GPA 3.29

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About this Document

these notes cover week 8 of dr. rachels lecture
Medical Ethics
Stuart Rachels
Class Notes
medical ethics
25 ?




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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Paola Araque on Wednesday March 23, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 223 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Stuart Rachels in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Medical Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


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Date Created: 03/23/16
Lecture  (Abortion continued)  ❖ Following Griswold, the Court held that outlawing abortion violates a woman’s right to  privacy  ❖ 0­3 months: the government has no compelling interest that outweighs this right  ❖ So, States may not interfere with abortion in the first trimester; it’s unconstitutional.  ❖ After viability (6­9 months), states may decide that the fetus’s potential outweighs the  woman’s right to privacy.   ❖ So, states may, if they choose, make abortion illegal after viability except when the  woman’s life or health is at stake.   ❖ A state could keep abortion legal throughout pregnancy.  ❖ Abortion is illegal after viability, in all 50 states.   ❖ Gallup poll 1972→should abortion be a woman’s choice?  ➢ More Republicans said yes than democrats   ➢ Catholics said yes  ❖ Nixon→when abortion was an issue, pro­life.  ❖ After Roe?  ➢ 1.5 million abortions per year  ➢ Now less  ➢ 1985 → 80% of abortion clinics had protestors  ➢ 1977­2001→7 murders committed, 17 attempted   ➢ Today→ 23% of pregnancies in the U.S. end in abortions  ❖ Planned Parenthood vs. Casey (1992)  ➢ Majority of Supreme COurt was republicans, 5­4 decision  ➢ The Court added to Roe→states may protect the fetus’s potential throughout the  pregnancy, and so, states may discourage abortion if the laws don’t place an  undue burden on the woman.  ➢ An undue burden:  ■ Parental consent→no  ● But there must be a judicial bypass clause (AL)  ■ Informed consent laws→no  ● Includes 24 hour wait period  ■ Spousal notification→yes  ● Abusive husbands  ❖ The Morality of Abortion  ➢ Does the fetus have the right to life?  ➢ Is being an innocent human being what matters?  ➢ Possible counter examples:  ■ Someone permanently unconscious     


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