New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here


by: Thaddeus Becker


Marketplace > Texas A&M University > Entomology > ENTO 489 > SPTP FIELD ENTOMOLOGY
Thaddeus Becker
Texas A&M
GPA 3.7


Almost Ready


These notes were just uploaded, and will be ready to view shortly.

Purchase these notes here, or revisit this page.

Either way, we'll remind you when they're ready :)

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Course

Popular in Entomology

This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Thaddeus Becker on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENTO 489 at Texas A&M University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 21 views. For similar materials see /class/225793/ento-489-texas-a-m-university in Entomology at Texas A&M University.

Similar to ENTO 489 at Texas A&M




Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 10/21/15
Entomology 489 Field Entomology Specimen Processing amp Voucher Collection Guide An insect voucher collection is required for Field Entomology This guide is designed to answer most of the commonly asked questions regarding this collection Please keep this guide handy throughout the semester and refer to it first when you have a question about your collection CONTENTS Page Voucher Collections What and Why 1 Collection in Brie Equipment amp Supplie Voucher Collection A Voucher Collection Rule Insect Collection Preparation and Curation 310 Sample Collection List 11 xxx NNNH XXX XXX XXX XXX VOUCHER COLLECTIONS What and Why A voucher collection is a set of specimens properly mounted labeled and documented that is deposited in a permanent entomological research collection and that provides a physical basis for the verification of taxon genera species subspecies etc identifications made in conjunction with a particular field study Because the results of field studies as recorded in reports and publications derived from them almost always depend critically upon the accuracy of the species identifications contained in them voucher collections constitute an important component of the documentation of field studies For studies that involve groups of organisms such as insects 7 where accurate identifications are often difficult new species are still frequently encountered and the synonymies of species are often not fully worked out 7 it is especially important that the names of species examined and reported be backed up with physical specimens that can be reexamined in the future if the accuracy of the original identifications are later called into question The voucher collection required for Field Entomology is designed to equip you with the skills needed to produce a highquality voucher collection and to give you experience in the production of such a collection to document your field study COLLECTION IN BRIEF Collection Name Status Due Date Project Voucher Collection Required see the course syllabus A voucher collection designed to document the major taxa relevant to your particular field project The content and extent of this collection will be decided upon in consultation with the course instructor starting from an initial voucher collection proposal in your Field Project Plan NOTE For some kinds of projects portions of the voucher collection may be required to be tuIned in prior to this final due date check with the instructor about this PC 7 Ento 489 Field EntomologyFirst Day DocsFDD 20 Specimen Processing and Voucher Collection Guidedoc Page 1 EQUIPMENT amp SUPPLIES We will provide you with most of the equipment and supplies that you will need to make your collection Most of these materials will be distributed either as part of your quotLab Kit or during appropriate lab periods throughout the semester You must provide the following items 0 100200 2 or 3 size insect pins required pins can be purchased from the Undergraduate Entomology Club 0 1 pair of hard finetipped forceps optional but highly recommended purchase hard forceps from the TAMJ bookstore one pair of soft forceps will be provided in your Lab Kit 0 hand lens optional but recommended very convenient for field examination of specimens purchase from TAMJ bookstore or local outdoor store VOUCHER COLLECTION REQUIREMENTS The contents of your voucher collection will be determined in consultation with the Field Entomology instructor The paragraphs below contain general information that will be relevant to most collections Prenaration Methods Insect Order Preparation Method Protura Collembola Diplura slide mounted Microcoryphia Thysanura Ephem eroptera alcohol Odonata pinned spread quot ia alcohol Phasmida Orthoptera Mantodea Blattaria pinned spread lsoptera alcohol Dermaptera pinned or pointed Embiidina Plecoptera Psocoptera alcohol Zoraptera 39 J slide mounted Hemiptera at least 12 pointed others pinned Homoptera see below T slide mounted J Spread both pairs of wings if winged Softbodied Sternorrhyncha eg whiteflies aphids phylloxerans must be slide mounted Hardbodied Sternorrhyncha e g most psyllids and all Auchenorrhyncha should be pinned or pointed as appropriate based on size Scale insects Coccoidea must be slide mounted if not attached to their host material If attached to their host material they may be submitted pinned through or pointed on the host material Specimens of the family Fulgoridae must be spread other families need not be spread VOUCHER COLLECTION RULES 0 All voucher collection specimens must have been personally collected by your field project group during the course of their project 0 Collection required If your field project group does not turn in a collection you will not pass the course Students may collaborate on the identification of voucher collection specimens 0 Voucher collection specimens may be of any life stage but it is anticipated that in most cases most or all specimens will be adult 0 All collection specimens must be properly preserved mounted and labeled and accurately identified 0 A late penalty will be assessed for turning in any collection late Keeping your collection You may keep you collection at the end of the semester if you wish but the instructor reserves the right to retain specimens of particular interest for the Texas AampM University lnsect Collection PC 7 Ento 489 Field EntomologyFirst Day DocsFDD 20 Specimen Processing and Voucher Collection Guidedoc Page 2 INSECT COLLECTION PREPARATION AND CURATION Preserving and Mounting Insects Which Technique to Use You will mostly use one of four preservation and mounting techniques for your Field Entomology voucher collection 7 pinning point mounting or pointing slide mounting andor preservation in alcohol The techniques that you are required to use for each order of insects are given in the section Voucher Collection Requirements 7 Preparation Methods see above You will need to use some discretion in deciding whether to pin or point some specimens and there are differences between experts in the preferred preservationmounting techniques for some groups 7 so a few general comments about this matter are appropriate Selection of an appropriate general preservationm ounting technique for any insect group depends primarily on two factors 7 body size and degree of body sclerotization For hardbodied insects very small specimens ca ltlmm are usually slide mounted small specimens are either slide mounted or pointed small to mediumsized specimens are pointed or pinned and larger specimens are pinned For soft bodied insects small to very small specimens are usually slide mounted small to medium sized specimens are either slide mounted or preserved in alcohol and larger specimens are preserved in alcohol Overlaid on top of these generalities are the traditions of preservation and mounting that have developed for different groups For example few specialists would fail to slide mount a chewing or sucking louse 7 regardless of its size or degree of sclerotization For your collections follow the methods specified in the Preparation Methods table above If you can t decide whether to pin or point a small specimen point it this will usually cause less damage to the specimen and make it easier for you to identify In the pages that follow we present the basics of pinning pointing slide mounting and preservation in alcohol and of techniques for labeling specimens prepared by each of these preparation methods Additional information on slide mounting techniques will be presented in lab Have fun When to Mount Insects Immediately after death It is usually best to mount insects as soon as possible after they are dead when they are still soft and exible It is impossible to properly mount driedout specimens Dried insects are extremely fragile and are sure break into pieces when any attempt is made to mount them For best results try to pin your insects in the field We will provide facilities for field mounting specimens on class field trips Producing a small number of neatly fieldmounted specimens will probably save you time in the long run over the alternative of collecting bags full of specimens that may dryout mold or rot in your apartment or dorm One to many days later If immediate mounting not possible you can maintain the exibility of specimens for a short period by placing them in an airtight container to prevent desiccation with a damp water wetted then rung out well paper towel do not to let the paper towel touch the specimens as this will cause setaescales to mat Specimens can typically be maintained fresh in this way for one or two days 7 after that they are likely to mold and become unusable Specimens can also be frozen after placing them in an airtight container This will maintain them almost indefinitely 7 but they must be mounted immediately after thawing or they will mold Relaxing dried specimens If some of your specimens dry out before you get them mounted it is possible to relax and then mount them This is inadvisable however since the specimens can never be returned to their original exibility and you will probably only meet with partial success in mounting relaxed specimens To relax dried specimens place them in an airtight container with a damp paper towel Leave them in the container preferably refrigerated for one to two days depending on the size of the specimens longer for larger specimens then mount them immediately and carefully Pinning Insects Types 0fpins Insect pins are long slender pins specially made for mounting insects They come in sizes ranging from 00 thinnest to 7 thickest Use only 2 or 3 insect pins for your Field Entomology collections These intermediatewidth pins are just right for most insects Thinner pins are too easily bent39 thicker pins are too broad for most insects Where to pin a specimen Most insects are pinned through the meso or metathorax just to the right of the midline this insures that all structures on at least one side of the body are not dam aged by the pin The major exception to this is butter ies and moths which are pinned through the middle of the mesothorax which helps in spreading such specimens For the pinning positions of some different kinds of insects see the following illustration PC 7 Ento 489 Field EntomologyFirst Day DocsFDD 20 Specimen Processing and Voucher Collection Guidedoc Page 3 in to warm pm i B i of pin midline through In idline Figure from USDA web site Height ofspeeimen 0n pin Insects should pinned so that the tops of the insects are a uniform distance from the top of the pin A good distance is 810 mm tip a small scratch this distance from the end of a thumbnail makes a convenient rulerl This distance does not have to be exact but it should be close and uniform throughout your collection Sufficient pintop distance is important to allow the pin to be picked up with your fingers without touching and possibly breaking the specimen P0 t re ofspeeimen 0n pin It is important that the insect thorax be straight on the pin The pinned specimen should appear level when viewed from either side or the back It should not slant forwards or backwards nor list to either side I excellent I I too low I l tilted l A B C Spreading insect For many insects the final resting positions of the legs wings etc does not matter too much as long as all parts of these appendages can be easily seen The wings of butterflies and moths however should be spread so that the veins of the wings can be seen this is often necessary for identification purposes Some other groups such as dragonflies and grasshoppers are also commonly spread To spread an insect pin the specimen through the center of the thorax Place the specimen in the center groove of the spreading board Make sure the pin is vertical in the groove 7 look at the pin from the side and the end of the pinning board If the pin is slanted in the groove the wings will dry in a slanted position then when the pin is placed vertically in your collection box the wings will not be level Push the vertical pin into the center groove to the point where the bases of the wings are even with the angled surfaces of the spreading board Pull out one wing to test whether the PC 7 Ento 489 Field EntomologyFirst Day DocsFDD 20 Specimen Processing and Voucher Collection Guidedoc Page 4 r a ght r mm quotmm m a h a temperatuea rlm degees insecl pin tracing paper gasket park A or pinmng smp wm hlesy v dm39t waste n muse xtfm anthmg athzx Lhanlacahtylabels 7 m M m m k Arpamtlype and a sans sem mum Helveuca Txym xesmctlme lengths m mm man main characters q w T n mm h q q u m m k pc 7m w ma Enmnbgv m mynmmn 2n Skcmanessmg 2nd mexcdmmm dun Page 5 ink provided in your Lab Kit Other alternatives are a Rapidographstyle pen 25 or 30 tip size or a finepoint Crowquill pen In lab you will receive instructions on preparing computerprinted labels Important points to remember are 1 use 4 point nonbold type 2 use italics only for scientific names of genera and species 3 use a quotsans serif without serifs font like Helvetica or Arial 4 do not leave any quotextraquot space or blank lines between the label lines Format First Line Give broad geographic information Include the country usually USA stateprovince use standard twoletter postal abbreviations for US states and county or other smaller political subdivision eg USA TX Brazos Co Second Line Give the site location This is usually a city or town or a short abbreviated description of the site location relative to a town of sufficient size that it would be found on a typical state highway map eg 5 km NE Bryan Use metric not English distance measurements 1 mi 1609 km ThirdLine Give the collecting date information There are several acceptable ways to write the date however we will use what is arguably the best format 1 xl990 1 October 1990 Use lower case Roman numerals to represent the month this is an international entomological standard Use periods without adjacent spaces to separate the day month and year periods use less label space than slashes or dashes Place the day first then the month then the year this separates the Arabic numerals with a Roman numeral and keeps the date in ascending order Never use three numbers separated solely by slashes or dashes on an insect label such formats are confusing because standards vary from country to country regarding the relative position of the day and month digit Forth Line Give the collector s name If you acquire specimens collected by someone else put the actual collector s name on the label The name can be spelled out in full or cited with given names as initials followed by the full surname Do not put just the surname how many insect collectors surnamed Smith do you think there have been in the last 200 years Abbreviate the surname only if it is longer than one full label line If the collector has a short name you may be able to include both the date and collector s name on the same line Fifth Line Give any special information about the circumstances of the insect s capture This may be the name of the host from which it was taken in the case of parasitic or phytophagous insects what the insect was doing at the time of capture more detailed information on its exact location at the time of capture eg at light Berlese sample etc or perhaps a note on something particularly interesting or unusual about the circumstances in which the insect was found Notes The lines mentioned above do not necessarily have to take up one full line on the label The object is to have a label that is as small and compact as possible Therefore information from one line may if too long be broken at a line space and continued on the following line or if short be added to a line containing information from the preceding or succeeding logical line If there are more than five lines mover the Fifth Line data to a separate new label Trimming the labeliTrim the top left and bottom sides of the label so there is almost no white space outside the text Trim right margin perpendicular to the end of the longest label line A trimmed label for a pinned or pointed specimen should look something like this USA TX Brazos Co 10 km SE College Station 23ix1995 JDOswald ex Quercus sp Where to put the locality label on thepini Height of label on 21717 For small specimens the locality label should be placed so that it is approximately half way or a bit more up the pin shaft exposed below the specimen when the pin is pinned into the collection box It should be placed low enough so that it does not obscure the view of the ventral surface of the specimen but high enough so that another label could be placed on the pin below the locality label say an identification label with enough room between the two labels so that the lower label could be read without having to spread the labels apart DO NOT rely on the limited steps of your pinning block to get your locality label to the correct height This will generally not work and your label will be either too low or too high To the extent possible ie for all of your smaller specimens try to place the locality label at a consistent height within your collection However if a specimen is very thick bodied its labels will of course have be lower down on the pin Position of label relative to specimen viewed from abovei For specimens with bodies smaller than the surface area of the label pin through the label at a place where the label will be approximately centered under the body of the specimen and its appendages this takes up less collection space and will help protect the specimen 7 this will often mean placing the pin somewhere other than through the center of the label For specimens with bodies larger PC 7 Ento 489 Field EntomologyFirst Day DocsFDD 20 Specimen Processing and Voucher Collection Guidedoc Page 6 longer wider or both than the surface area of the label pin through the label at a place where the body of the specimen will cover as much of the label as possible or if the specimen is very large pin through the center of the label Orientation of label text relative to specimeni On pinned NOT POTNTED specimens the text lines of the label must run parallel to the long axis of the specimen AND read correcth when you face the left side the specimen Some general considerations Try not to pin directly through any of the lettering on the label pin between not through individual letters Don t pin too close to the edge of the label The Identi cation labeli Normally the identification label for a pinned or pointed specimen would go on the pin below the locality label with enough space between the two so that the identification label can be read without moving either label However for the purposes of your 301 collection the identification labels for pinned and pointed specimens must be placed on a separate pinjust to the left of the specimen with which the label is associated Pointing Insects What is a point A point is a small triangular piece of paper that is used to mount insects that are too small to be pinned Points are punched from a highquality grade of stiff acidfree paper using a point punch We will provided this paper in lab Do not use note cards or any other kind of regular paper to make points Preparing your p0ints Place an insect pin through the middle of the wide end of the point near its short side Place the point approximately 10 mm from the top of the pin the same height that you would place a pinned insect specimen Bend the tip of the point down at an angle typically 30 to 90 using your finger nail or a pair of forceps The small flap formed will be the surface against which you will later glue a specimen The angle of the pointtip flap should approximately match the slope of the side of the body of the specimen where it will be pointed so that the specimen after pointing is not rolled to either the right or left Points are best made up in small batches of 2030 or more at a time for later use in the field or lab It is bothersome to have to prepare your points when you have specimens in front of you that you want to mount Make up a batch of points and put them in one of your foam bottomed field boxes for later use Mounting andposture ofa specimen on apointi Place a dab of Elmer s glue on a piece of paper and let it dry until it becomes tacky a minute or two Touch the bent tip of the point to the drop of tacky glue to put a small drop of glue on the tip of the point Touch the tip of the point against the Light side of the thorax of the insect to be mounted The point should be attached directly to thorax if at all possible 7 not just to the legs or wings You may need to manipulate the specimen andor the angle of the tip of the point to make proper contact with the side of the thorax Before the glue dries completely manipulate the specimen andor the bent tip of the point so that the specimen is straight and level in both side and rear views The pointed specimen should not slant forward or backwards nor list to either side The axis of the thorax is what should be straight don t worry about droopy heads or abdom ens If the glue is not tacky enough when you first attach the specimen the specimen may roll or droop before the glue dries to the point that it will hold the specimen in place This is why you should let the glue become quite tacky before starting to point It is also a good practice to go back and recheck your specimens a few minutes after you initially pointed them to see whether you need to gently nudge any of them back into horizontality PC 7 Ento 489 Field EntomologyFirst Day DocsFDD 20 Specimen Processing and Voucher Collection Guidedoc Page 7 Bosh Rm Guanaca e 2vll145 sensnsen elt motel 7721am quot I L I hmn ttt m thelabel on the pm ls not See The Loealrty labelquot above under Pmmng lnseets forhow to prodnee Lhelocallty label See below for posrtronrng the label on pornted speclmens speclmen th t Hm ofthe you are lookmg atthe sgeclmen frorn behlnd pm between not through rndvrdnal letters Don39t pm too elose to the edge of the label 772 Identi cation e under Plnmng Inseets above Preserving Insects in Alcohol rst tn ethyl aeetate Place speclmens of only one sgeeres tn eaeh vlal 772 Duality mar Page See under Pmmng lnseets above 0 rm v quott bl 1mm wrtha 005 or ulperrnanent b t a t v n 39r aeeeptable onee the lnk has drled rtwrll not eorne off even aleohol alternanvely a anek dlp ofthe label tn dlnte aeene aerd e g vln an m rtt e rrnrne eel e preserved tn aleohol should be hand wntten they MUST NOT be eornpnter generated on a Laser or dotrmatxlx pnnter the perrnanenee ofsuch labels remams nneertatn b w l b l d g eolleetlon They are also less clumsy wlth srnall labels you are less llkely to break speelrnens m your eolleenon L speelrnen T t m lll bl 00 l l 30 tlp slze or afmerpomt Crowr qulllpen Farmt re See under Pmmng Inseets above an for NOT L A L oattng read to getthe label helghtrneasure the outslde elreurnferenee of the Vla1dvlde by two then subtraet 34 mm to Page 8 approximate for the inside circumference of the vial The length of the label should be a little shorter than the length of the wide part of the vial 7 the label should not stick up into the neck of the vial Obviously the size of the label will change depending upon the size of the vial used A trimmed label for a specimen to be preserved in alcohol might look something like this USA TX Brazos Co 10 km SE College Station 23ix1995 JDOswald ex Quercus sp Note that 1 that there is much more white space around the label text than there is for labels of pinned or pointed specimens 2 that the kinds and arrangement of locality label data are the same as for pinned or pointed specimens 3 that ecological data are usually included on the last line of the label and 4 that the identification DOES NOT go on the locality label Where to put the locality label in the vial7 Roll the label up and slip it into a vial already filled with alcohol The label text must face to the outside this ensures that the specimens 7 which should be in the lumen of the vial not squished between the label and the side of the vial 7 do not obscure the text of the label AND the label text must read from the bottom of the vial toward the top the label is then in proper reading position when the top of the vial is held in the right hand The label should curve around approximately 2 of the inside of the vial Qlou may have to push the paper up against the side of the vial but once you get it in place it should stay there Be sure not to squish your specimen between the label and the side of the vial The specimens should oat freely in the middle of the vial The Identi cation label7 The identification label must contain the Order and Family name of the specimen The identification label for a specimen preserved in alcohol MUST go on a second label the same size as the locality label The identification label is placed backtoback against the locality label with the identification text facing toward the lumen of the vial placing the identification text on a second label allows this label to be removed and replaced without disturbing the locality label should the name or identification of the specimen need to be changed Vial loading sequ en ce7 Although not absolutely necessary the best sequence in which to load your vials is 1 add alcohol 2 add locality label 3 add identification label then 4 add specimens Having alcohol in the vial when the labels are added helps to flatten them against the side of the vial Adding the specimens after the labels are in place will help avoid getting specimens squashed between the labels or between the label and the side of the vial and will also help prevent damage to your specimens that can occur when labels are added to vials that already contain specimens Slide Mounting Insects Basics of slide mounting7 Slide mounting is a complex and timeconsuming operation Only the fundamentals are mentioned here A complete slidemounting demonstration will be presented in lab Mount only one specimen per slide Mount all specimens except Collembola with the ventral surface of the animal touching the slide NOT the cover slip and the head pointed toward NOT away from you with the labels in proper reading position Mount Collembola with the left side of the animal touching the slide and the head pointed to the left The figures below show how your specimens should look to the naked eye Under a compound microscope but not a dissecting microscope the specimens will be rotated 180 ie with the head pointed up or to the right Collembola Non Collembola Cov er P PC 7 Ento 489 Field EntomologyFirst Day DocsFDD 20 Specimen Processing and Voucher Collection Guidedoc Page 9 The Locality labeliILks Labeling should always be done with indelible permanent black ink eg with a 005 or 01 permanent black ink Pigma pen or a Rapidographstyle pen with black India ink Pencils and ballpoint pens are NOT acceptable Mi Use the presized adhesivebacked slide labels that Will be available in lab to label your slides You should not have to trim these labels however be careful to center them on the ends to the slide so that they do not hang over the edges of the slide labels with overhanging edges are liable to catch on something and get peeled off Format See under Pinning lnsects above Where to put the locality label on the slidei Place the locality label on the right side of the slide The Identi cation labeli The identification label must contain the Order and Family name of the specimen Use the presized adhesivebacked slide labels that will be available in lab for your identification labels You should not have to trim these labels Place the identification label on the left side of the slide Identification 39 USA39TX39 label Order Locam y a e Family l b l PC 7 Ento 489 Field EntomologyFirst Day DocsFDD 20 Specimen Processing and Voucher Collection Guidedoc Page 10 Storing Insects Use the two foambottomed mailing boxes and the two Schmitt boxes contained in your Lab Kit to store your insects if you run out of space the TA can check out additional boxes to you Dead insects are desirable food for many live insects and they will go to considerable lengths to destroy your collection Ants roaches and derm estid beetles are the worst culprits It is advisable to take some sort of precaution against these pests Always keep a tight lid on your collection when it is not in use This alone however is often not enough It is a good idea to keep a few mothballs in your collection box Be sure to anchor them down somehow otherwise they may roll around and destroy the insects that you spent so much time collecting and mounting A perforated matchbox filled with mothballs or akes held down with pins in the corner of your Schmitt box is a good way to avoid these problems Arranging Your Final Collection for Submission The Collection listi You must submit a Collection List with your final collection The Collection List is a synoptic written statement listing each species and the number of specimens of each contained in your collection The format required for the Collection List is explained on the Sample Collection List page of this Collection Guide Tape the Collection List to the top of the first box of your final voucher collection Pinned amp Pointed SpecimensiArrange your pinned and pointed specimens in your collection boxes in the sequence in which these specimens appear in your Collection List Arrange your specimens in straight rows from left to right Start each new row on the left side of the box Arrange all of the pinned or pointed specimens in your collection in one sequence The identification label for each specimen must be placed on each specimen and on a separate pin immediately to the left of each series of specimens of the same species Identification labels should be oriented vertically in the collection to save space Make the identification labels of a size that will allow them to be conveniently placed in a vertical orientation in your collection boxes Check your spelling carefully 7 spelling is important Identification labels may be handlettered or printer generated Identification labels should be pinned so that they lie flat on the bottom of the collection boxes Alcohol Specimensi Turn in your vials in a separate small box with the lid or in a small bag Put your name on the outside of the container Do not put your vials in the same box with your pinned specimens if they were to accidentally roll around and break your pinned specimens they could do serious damage to your collection grade The vials do not have to be arranged in any specific order when you turn them in Slidemounted Specimensi Turn in your slides in the 25slot slide box provided in your Lab Kit Put your name on a piece of tape on the outside of the box DO NOT WRITE DIRECTLY ON THE BOX Each slide must have an 39 39f39 39 label on the left side and a locality label on the right side Some nal considerationsi If you would like to keep your collection let the instructor know ahead of time so that the material is not accidentally disposed of You may turn in your collection in your own boxes or in the drawers provided to you in lab Specimens received in lab drawers will be incorporated disposed of at the discretion of the instructor unless prior arrangements to keep the collection have been made PC 7 Ento 489 Field EntomologyFirst Day DocsFDD 20 Specimen Processing and Voucher Collection Guidedoc Page ll SAMPLE COLLECTION LIST The Collection List must be printergenerated or typed Use 10 ll or 12 point type Follow the format below as closely as possible Use tabs to align the columns in the Collection List The numbered footnotes in the sample Collection List below provide additional information about formatting requirements start ofSample quot quot List Student s Name COLLECTION LIST Preservation Orderl Familyz Genus amp species 3 specimens Method5 Protura Eosentomidae Eosentaman bakeri alcohol Collembola Isotomidae sp l 10 alcohol Collembola Isotomidae sp 2 10 alcohol Collembola Sminthuridae Sminlhums sp l 10 alcohol Thysanura Nicoletiidae s 7 alcohol Thysanura Lepismatidae Lepisma sp 1 1 alcohol 1 J A 39 1 quot aquatica 3 alcohol Ephem eroptera Ephemeridae Isadodfasciala 10 alcohol Odonata Aeshnidae Anwcjunius 7 pinned amp spread Odonata Libellulidae Libellula luctuasa 3 pinned amp spread Odonata Libellulidae Libellula sp l 10 pinned amp spread Odonata Libellulidae Libellula sp 2 9 pinned amp spread Coleoptera Scarabaeidae Trax sp 1 5 pinned Coleoptera Scarabaeidae Trax sp 2 5 pinned Coleoptera Carabidae Pleraganum anceps 9 pointed Coleoptera Carabidae Pleraganum Virginia 9 pointed end of Sample quot quot List 1 van ms PC 7 Ento 489 Field EntomologyFirst Day DocsFDD 20 Specimen Processing and Voucher Collection Guidedoc Give the name of the order of each specimen List families in alphabetical order Give the name of the family of each specimen List families in alphabetical order Give the name of the genus amp species subspecies of each specimen List names in alphabetical order by genus then species then subspecies Give the number of specimens submitted of each species Give the method used to prepare each specimen This will be one of the following 1 pinned 2 pinned amp spread 3 pointed 4 slide or 5 alcohol Page 12


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."

Kyle Maynard Purdue

"When you're taking detailed notes and trying to help everyone else out in the class, it really helps you learn and understand the I made $280 on my first study guide!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.