INTRO TO LEADERSHIP
INTRO TO LEADERSHIP ALED 202
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This 8 page Class Notes was uploaded by Melisa Toy on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ALED 202 at Texas A&M University taught by Landry Lockett in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see /class/225809/aled-202-texas-a-m-university in Science at Texas A&M University.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
CH 1 ALED 202 Exam 1 Review List amp Describe the 6 Foundational Principles Leadership is a concern to all of us 0 All about relationships with others 0 Responsibility to contribute effectively as members of orgs Leadership is viewed amp valued differently by various disciplines and cultures Multidisciplinary approach to leadership develops a shared understanding of differences and commonalities in leadership principles and practices across professions and cultures Conventional views of leadership have changed 0 Rapid pace of change leads people to seek new ways of relating Leadership must be practiced flexibly Leadership can be exhibited in many ways 0 Different styles in different settings Leadership qualities and skills can be learned and developed Leaders are made not born 0 L 4 r L 39 begins with 39f m4 39f 39 quot 0 Identifying core valuesstrengths and maximizing them in leadership are key components in your leadership development Leadership committed to ethical action is needed to encourage change and social responsibility 0 Ethical leaders model positive behaviors that influence the actions of others What 2 factors are used in determining followertype Individual39s commitment to performing in the group Interest in group relationships What are 4 types of followers WNH Subordinate passive and unengaged in the group Will do what is asked but is a passive participant Contributor doesn39t engage much with other members but diligent about completing tasks and meeting obligations Politician has interpersonal skills and knows how to network with others Does not always get work done or show commitment to tasks Partner embraces the task and wants to do well at work as well as join others in successful team effort What isthe difference between a positional leader amp a leader Positional Leader Leader Difference between civic envaaement and civic A person in a leadership position supervisor general team captain or VP 0 Position doesn39t mean they are a good leader knows how to lead or is viewed as a leader 0 Any person who actively engages with others to accomplish a change 0 Whether asthe positional leader or participantcollaborator group member 0 Can be a leader by taking initiative and making a difference for a positive change Civic Responsibility ALED 202 Exam 1 Review 0 Sense of personal responsibility individuals should feel to uphold obligations as part of any community 0 Voting on campus local state or national elections Noticingthat campus parking lot lights are broken amp stopping by an office to report them Civic Engagement Heightened sense of responsibility being engaged in the process of improving our shared experience 0 Attending your academic department39s brown bag lunch seminar to support a friend who planned the event and to be part of the learning community 3 Components of the learning model WNH Focus knowing about the leadership opportunities Capability includingthe resources and skills to learn Will motivation to engage in learning of author39s definition of leadership Leadership a relational and ethical process of people together attempting to accomplish positive change What are the 8 ma39or leadership approaches discussed amp assumptions of each 1 N w 5 mun Great Man Leadership is based on hereditary properties Assumptions Leadership development is based on Darwinistic principles Leaders are born not made Leaders have natural abilities of power and influence Trait assumed that leaders had particulartraits or characteristics such as intelligence height and selfconfidence that differentiated them Assumptions leader has superior endowed qualities certain individuals have natural abilities to lead and leaders have traits that differentiate them from followers Behavioral What leaders do behaviors skills amp styles Assumptions there is one best way to lead leaders who express high concern for both people and production or consideration and structure will be effective Situational Contingency leaders should vary their approach ortheir behaviors based on the situation Assumptions Leaders act differently depending on the situation the situation determines who will emerge as a leader and different leadership behaviors are required for different situations Influence leadership is an influence or social exchange process Reciprocal emphasize mutual goals and motivations of both followers and leaders and elevated the importance and role of followers in the leadership process Assumptions leadership is a relational process is a shared process Emphasis is on followership Leadership is an outcome of participant39 andor leaders39 interactions on a common agenda or change initiative Outcome of leadership is social change Chaos or Systems attempts to describe leadership within a context of a complex rapidly changing world leadership is a relational process 0 Control is not possible so leadership is described as an influence relationship and the importance of systems is emphasized Authentic Leadership approaches Leadership is genuine and transparent ALED 202 Exam 1 Review Authenticity emerges between and among leaders and participants interactions develops over time grounded in positive psychological behaviors and traits Leadership is values and purpose driven with explicit moral dimensions between the industrial and t39 d t 39 39 paradigms of leadership Industrial theories were t t quot 39 quot 39 t d quot 39 in focusing only on the leader goal dominated 39f39 t t d and39 quot quot quot 39 in outlook maleoriented utilitarian and materialistic in ethical perspective and rationalistic technocratic linear quantitative and scientific in language and methodology Postlndustrialreciprocal theories allowed us to experience a paradigm shift from the industrial to postindustrial More integrated understanding of contemporary leadership theory is necessary one that relies on new ways of thinking about leadership Conventional vs emergent perspectives of how the world operates Conventional Stability certainty controlled hierarchy driving by dollars divisions ofthe university learning in the classroom receiving protecting competing set limits time management set course of action 0 Operating procedures Reserving meetings rooms etc Procedures are predictable and do not varyfrom month to month Current Perspectives Changerisk uncertainty chaotic sailing with soul communities of learning learning everywhere reflecting connecting collaborating set expectations mindfulness critical thinking Nonrational unpredictable uncontrollable side of life Weather organizational crises are usually unexpected and can occur without warning and their emergence cannot be predicted precisely To embrace only one perspective is to deny the other part of life CH3 What is the Relational Leadership Model What does it seek to do or explain Relational Leadership Model is a framework connecting five key elements that can serve as a responsive approach to leadership It provides a frame of reference or an approach to leadership in teams and groups as well as contemporary organizations The model reflects how the organization s purpose influences the components of being inclusive empowering and ethical Purpose is the center of the model since it provides the context and focus of leadership actions of individuals in a group The purpose includes others empowers them to use their leadership and talents to make a difference and is ethical in that it benefits others and improves the quality of life in a communityHow that purpose is achieved the process is just as important as the outcome How the goals are accomplished and how others are involved in the process matters in the leadership process ALED 202 Exam 1 Review What isthe KnowingBeingDoing Model Explain each component The leadership process calls forthose engaged in it to be knowledgeable knowing to be aware of self and others being and to act doing This model represents a holistic approach to the leadership development of yourself and others These 3 components are interrelated the knowledge you possess can influence your ways of thinking which can influence your actions And it is also true that your beliefs and way of existing in this world being will influence your actions as will influence your behaviors This pattern of influence is circular and not on a straight path Identify the Knowing Being Doing for each of the 5 ofthe RLM Leadership Component Knowing knowledge amp Being attitudes Doing skills Purposeful How change occurs Committed ldentifying goals Role of mission Can doquot attitude Creative thinking shared values Likes improvement Envisioning Inclusive Selfand others Open to difference Talent development Citizenship Vaues equity Listening skills Multiple realities Evewone can make a difference Building coalitions Empowering Power How policies blockpromote empowerment Control not possible Each has somethingto offer Selfesteem Vaues other s contributions Sharing information Encouraging o hers individual and team learning Promoting leadership Ethical How values develop Commitment to socially resp Being c ngr Selfamp others values be avior Mora imagination Confronting behavior Being t ustin Processoriented Community Vaues process amp outcomes Colaboration G roup process Quality effort Reflection Process is as important as Dev Systems perspective Meaning making outcome Chalenge Giving amp Describe the process for positive change Having the intention of improving a situation accomplishing a task or implementing a common purpose is part of the change process Positive change can occur when people with different perspectives are organized into groups in which everyone is regarded as a peer Change theory proposes that change often begins when something unfreezes a situation The cycle is often presented as unfreezing anging re ezing The quotunfreezingquot may be caused by a trigger event ex A hate crime or when external policies change ex New law is enacted After a change is implemented it is an error to consider the issue quotrefrozenquot and instead think of it as quotslush solution is seen not as final but as permeable and open to be readdressed Differencebetweena39 39 quot ampa 39 39 quot wexamples Identify the shareholders and stakeholders external to the group who have some responsibility a share or interest a stake in the change that is being planned Describe an empowerment environment Empowering environments are learning climates in which people expect success yet know they can learn from failures or mistakes Eliminates fear or humiliation and operate on trust and inclusivity When is empowerment likely to happen in an ALED 2 02 Exam 1 Review Empowerment is likely to happen in organizational environments where people recognize that things can always be better than they are now How is empowerment achieved Empowerment is achieved by enabling the involvement of group members and conveying faith in them What does it mean to lead by example Aligning your own values with the worthy values of the organizations Exemplary leadership includes a congruency between values and actions Iquot39 39 between the concepts of 39 and quot 39 Collaborationjoins with another persongroup in setting and accomplishing mutual shared goals Cooperation helps the other person or group achieve their goals GardnerArticle What kind of minds should we be cultivating for the future We should be cultivating minds that incorporate all 5 minds together Know the Five Minds of the Future l Discipline Structured amp methodical Constantly learning quot Synthesizing The most valued mind can survey a wide range of sources decide what s important and worth paying attention to and then put the information together in ways that make sense to oneself and to others Keeps eye on the big picture but still pays attention to details 3 Creative Casting new ideas and practices eager to take chances to venture into the unknown and not be afraid of failure 4 Respectful gives others the benefit of doubt displays initial trust tries to form links and avoids prejudicial judgments 5 Ethical Must identify the kind of individual one wants to be and take corrective action when an idea or behavior goes against that idealization Huber Article Leadership education and the purpose of leadership education Leadership Education formal learning classroom setting about leadership Purpose of Leadership Education The goal of leadership education is to provide opportunities for people to learn the skills attitudes and concepts necessary to become effective leaders The purpose as leadership educators includes modeling lifelong learning values and practice ALED 202 Exam 1 Review The Learning Process amp Experiential Learning The Learning Process Since leadership is not a solitary endeavor the learning process pays attention to the others who are or will be involved in bringing about positive change Those who would learn to lead must do so by being leaders Experiential Learning Creating a learning community Begins with reflecting about what needs to be changed around campuswithin the community Connecting the cycle is explored when finding the relationship between people and outcomes to find a point where students can have a positive influence around campuswithin the community and then deciding what to do and how to accomplish said goals Students become increasingly involved in doing what is needed to engage and enhance the campus community In addition to learning ABOUT leadership the students are learning FOR leadership Role of the Leadership Educator amp 4 Tvpes of Role of the Leadership Ed Act as a facilitator Once a person a group an organization or a community has a reason for learning to lead Leadership Educator facilitates their ability to do so in a manner that will bring about change while they are developing skills and learning concepts which are applicable in other contexts 4 Types of Scholarship l DiscoveryGaining new knowledge amp trying new things 2 ApplicationTrying it out applying new knowledge 3 IntegrationPractice a part of who we are 4 TeachingGreatest learning comes from others sharing information Brungardt Article Are Leaders born or made Today most scholars active in the field believe that leaders are both Many leaders are born with qualities and attributes that assist them in leadership effectiveness While at the same time early childhood development education and later onthejob experiences encourage and nurture leadership abilities The study of Leadership is there a consensus on leaders and leadership Five general Leadership Theory Approaches Traitemphasizes personal attributes of leaders Behavioremphasizes what leaders quotactually do and identify different styles on group performance Situationalchange style of leadership depending on the setting Powerinfluenceexplains leadership in terms of the amount type anduse of power and influence tactics U PWNP Transformationalemphasizes the leader s role in the creation of culture and revitalization of organizations Leadership Iquot Leadership Education amp Leadership Training Leadership Development Experiences environment Leadership Education Formal learning classroom setting Leadership Training Specificjob or workshop ALED 202 Exam 1 Review Allio Article Leaders H ave followers nfuence Take risks Managers Have subordinates authority History of Leadership literature and theory 4th Century follies of triumphs of kingsprinces Renaissance philosophers Plate amp Aristotle and the Greek and Roman play writes comprised Western Society s Leadership lOl study of power and survival and battle between emotion and reason ndustria Revolution Great Man Theory explained leadership Max Weber s Charismatic Leadership a leader s power ability to influence followers could arise either from position perceived competence or his charisma Leadership Style theories became popular in the 50 s how the leader interacted with followers was the determinant of leadership effectiveness Douglas McGregor Theory X amp Y Contingency Models leadership effectiveness was the result of interaction among 3 variables 1 the nature of the task to be done 2 the relationship between leaders and followers and 3 the power inherent in the position of the leader Burns TransactionalTransformational Leaders Transactional normal interaction between leaders amp followers Transformational satisfy the higher needs of followers raise one another to higher levels of motivation and morale Contemporary perspective on leadership There is a cause behind which both leaders amp followers unite Leaders and followers collaborate to choose a course of action and leaders depend upon follower to implement their agendas Lesson for tomorrow s leaders weigh the moral consequences of expedient decisions cultivate humility stay the course with integrity and earn the trust of stakeholders Leaders clarify purpose and values set direction build community and manage change Develop vision a viable strategy a focused plan and implement process Followers increasing power of followers and opponents is the major variable in the struggle by leaders to set direction and control info Followers have become more knowledgeable and more empowered Shared purpose Primary role of the leader must be to develop a culture that enables individuals to coalesce around the shared purpose Essential to listen to the needs of the followers and responding accordingly Leaders inspire and motivate and enable followers to find meaning in their work ALED 202 Exam 1 Review Leaders improving their potential Finding that any attention paid to workers supportive or not can improve performance Leadership can improve with practice can become leaders by performing acts of leadership Leadership must be both learned and put to use Good leaders require both competence and integrity Staff with people who are motivated principled and continuously learning Create and communicate the values and purpose of the org both symbolically and by example Reward exemplary behaviors such as integrity and excellence in practice Day Article Leadership Development Social Relational commitments mutual respect trust interpersonal social awareness empathy service orientation building bonds team orientation conflict management Leader Development Human individual personal power knowledge trustworthiness selfawareness self confidence selfcontrol personal responsibility adaptability selfmotivation initiative optimism 6 Effective processes for leadership education 360 Feedback Performance varies across contexts and that someone behaves differently with different constituencies Uses multiple raters within multiple rating sources enhances the overall reliability of feedback Use has increased with changing nature of US industrial economy company s success is with its people not property Can be useful as a developmental tool for building intrapersonal competence in the form of selfknowledge and increased selfawareness of one s impact on others Executive Coaching Practical goalfocused form of one on one learning Mentoring Advisingdevelopmental relationship usually with a senior manager Networking Connecting to others in different functions and areas Job Assignments Providing stretch assignments in terms of role function or geography Active Learning Projectbased learning directed as important business problems
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