SURVEY LEADERSHIP THEORY
SURVEY LEADERSHIP THEORY ALED 340
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Buford West on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ALED 340 at Texas A&M University taught by Jennifer Williams in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see /class/225810/aled-340-texas-a-m-university in Science at Texas A&M University.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
252012 104000 PM 6 P s of Leadership Purpose Resilience Modeling show how to act Be an example It is why we do what we do Kevin Plank created under armour found purpose from his own experience Passion Undivided devotion Bigger than you Devotion to excellence People The company you keep who follows you Move the cause Reciprocal Performance Strategy Thinking Goal Persistence Failure but keep going No isjust a word Paranoia Fiery demons Arrogance and Complacency What is Leadership Lao Tse If a leader is truly effective it comes naturally Leadership process whereby an individual influences a group of individuals to achieve a common goal Daft You don t have to have a title to be a leader Invictus springboks process Madela lead by example Public Speaking Invention determine audiencepurposeoccasion 0 Select ideadevelop idea 0 Appeal to logic and emotions 0 Establish credentials Organize Attention getter and preview 0 Body main points 0 Conclusion restate final Visual Aids 0 Present your data 0 Can emphasize your points Creates memories 0 Features of slide design make it simple Communicate also with your body gestures eye contact dress Practice your speech time notes watch Trait Theories Great Man Theory you were born to be a leader 0 Studied as early as 1869 0 Based on heredity o Leaders are born and summoned by some process Leadership Traits 1900 1940 Lots of Traits 0 At first more physical traits height and beauty 1948 Stodgill found there are traits which differentiate leaders from non leaders 0 big categories of traits Physical Characteristics Intelligence and Ability Personality Social Characteristics Intelligence and Ability Personality Social Characteristics Work related characteristics Social Background 0 Leaders are successful when given jobs that suit them there is no finite list of traits needed to be a leader There is no finite list of traits needed to be a leader 9 Traits of Effective Leaders 0 Locus of Control Internal vs External Internal blames self External blame others Integrity honesty trustworthiness O Flexibility try something different 0 Sensitivity to others Put yourself in their place 0 Intelligence 0 Stability Emotions maintain cool 0 0 Self Confidence o Dominance 0 High Energy Big 5 Model of Personality 0 Open to experience intellectual curiosity o Conscientiousness credible organized and a drive for success 0 Extraversion sociable assertive positive energy 0 Agreeableness easy going compassionate friendly trusting o Neuroticism anxiety loyal and insecurity Luvern Cunningham skill of successful leader 1 Focus Looks and present and future Creates a Vision 2 Work among and between interest groups building a bridge 3 Manage Symbols pink ribbon o Formulate An Image 0 Understand your symbols 0 Plan your strategy decisions need to go with image you make 4 Understand Events leader needs to know what s going on 0 Scan look for a story 0 Monitor What do people find important 0 Interpret Tells followers 5 Take Calculated Risks 0 Develop an Appraisal Skill 0 Use your intuition based on experience emotions and expertise o Leaders using their intuition are willing to take risks bc they have been there before 6 The Leader as a Teacher 0 Leader teaches their followers about the mission goals and vision of the organization Cunning ham Leaders have to have the want to lead Theory X Theory Y Douglas McGregor TheoryX People by nature generally 0 Do not like to exert themselves and try to do work as little as possible 0 Avoid responsibility 0 Are not interested in achievement 0 Are incapable of directing their own behavior 0 Prefer to be directed 0 Avoid Making Decisions whenever possible 0 Cannot be trusted or depended 0 Need to be closely supervised and controlled 0 Are motivated at work by money and other gains 0 When they mature they do not change 0 EX Your not here to drink coffee Theory Y People by nature generally 0 Work hard towards objectives to which they are committed 0 Assume responsibility with commitments 0 Have a strong desire to achieve 0 Are capable of directing their own behavior 0 Want the organization to succeed o Are not passive and submissive 0 Make decisions about their own work 0 If trusted and depended on do not disappoint 0 Need general support at work O 0 Are motivated by interesting and challenging tasks Are able to change and develop If managers exhibit Y assumptions 0 O O O 0 Better and more profitable results Higher output and less waste More creativity and innovation Fewer labor problems and less turnover Decentralization when the leader doesn t feel the need to control all then the pyramid becomes flatConscientiousness Build a Bridge TEST Identifying Skills of Great Leader Three Skill Approach 0 O O O 0 Technical Skill knowledge about and being proficient in a specific type of work or activity lower management Human Skill working with people all levels Conceptual Skill ability to work with ideas top management Katz Model p41 Level of management different levels need different skills Skills Technical skills knowing how to do things Interpersonal skills dealing with people Conceptual skills vision goals bigger things don t always need these skills Mumford Model Individual Attributes Mum considers vital O O O 0 general cognitive abilities persons intelligence Crystallized cognitive abilities intellectual ability that is learned or acquired over time Motivation leaders willingness to take on the responsibility of trying to advance the overall human good and value of the organization Personality any part of personality that helps people cope with complex organizational situations Competencies Our mind is a file cabinet Problem Solving Skills leaders creative ability to solve new and unusual ill defined organization problems Social Judgment skills capacity to understand people and the social system Knowledge accumulation of information and mental structures used to organize that information Leadership Outcomes Effective problem solving creaing solutions that are logical effective and unique Performance how well the leader has done hisher job Career Experience Challenging job assignments Mentoring Appropriate training Hands on experience in solving newunusual problems 0 Environmental Influences Factors that are outside the leaders control EX Outdates equipment office space issues and communication of the group experience level of the followers
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