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by: Terrence Ebert Jr.


Marketplace > Texas A&M University > Arts > ARTS 150 > ART HISTORY SURVEY II
Terrence Ebert Jr.
Texas A&M
GPA 4.0


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Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Terrence Ebert Jr. on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ARTS 150 at Texas A&M University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 36 views. For similar materials see /class/225864/arts-150-texas-a-m-university in Arts at Texas A&M University.




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Date Created: 10/21/15
Art Vocabulary Test 1 ambulatory semicircular or polygonal aisle 2 apse vaulted extension or projection usually from a choir or chapel and generally circular or polygonal in shape A archivolts bands or mouldings surrounding an arched opening 5 arriccio rst rough coat of plaster in fresco paintings 0 atmospheric or aerial perspective method of rendering the effect of spatial distance by subtle variations in color and clarity of representation 6 bay a unit of interior space in a building marked off by architectural divisions 7 boss a projecting stone at the intersection of the ribs of a vault often the keystone and frequently carved 8 buon fresco technique painting technique in which waterbased pigments are applied to a surface of wet plaster O capitals decorative element that divides a column or pier from the masonry which it supports 10chiaroscuro an Italian word designating the contrast of dark and light in a painting drawing or print creates spatial depth and volumetric forms through gradations in the intensity of light and shadow 11Chrysography gold highlighting 12clerestory An upper story of a building with windows above adjacent roofs 13compound pier A type of pier that is composed not of a single member but has shafts halfcolumns or pilaster strips attached to it 14contrapposto means set against used to describe the pose that results from setting parts of the body in opposition to each other around a central axis 15crockets stylized leaf used as decoration along the outer angle of spires pinnacles gables and around capitals in Gothic architecture 16crossing Area of a church where the nave choir and transept intersect 17diptych 2 panels of equal size usually decorated with paintings or reliefs hinged together 18duomo cathedral in Italian 19fa9ade the face or front wall of a building 20foreshortening the illusion created on a at surface in which gures and objects appear to recede or project sharply into space 21Gables the upper portion of a wall from level of the eaves or gutter to the ridge ofthe roof 22grisaille style of monochromatic painting in shades of grey 23guild An association of persons of the same trade or pursuits formed to protect mutual interests and maintain standards 24Humanism growing and progressive interest in imagining religious images in more human terms 25lntonaco ltalian term for the final very thin layer of plaster on which a fresco is painted 26intuitive perspective gives impression of recession by visual instinct not by use of overall system or program 27ltaloByzantine style manieragreca see slide from lecture 2 28jamb figures Statues carved on the jambs of a doonNay or window 29linear perspective creates illusion of 3D space by delineating a horizon line and multiple orthogonal lines recede to meet at 1 or more points on the horizon vanishing point 30loggia An exterior gallery open on one or more sides with a colonnade or an arcade 31martyrium in Christian architecture a church chapel or shrine built over the grave of a martyr or at the site ofa great miracle 32module segment or portion of a repeated design 33nave The central longitudinal space ofa bascilican church It is usually flanked on its long sides by aisles which are separated from the nave by columns or piers 34 nave arcade rst oor layer of church 350culus in architecture a circular opening 360pus francigenum French work 370pus modernum modern work 380rthogonal any line running back into the represented space of a picture perpendicular to the imagined picture plane 39pinnacles A pointed termination ofa spire buttress or other extremity of a building 40pointed arch arch with pointed apex Aka lancet arch 41portal Any doorway or entrance but especially one that is large and imposing 42radiating chapels In a church projecting chapels arranged radially around the ambulatory of a semicircular or polygonal liturgical east end 43rib vaults A masonry vault with a relatively thin web and set within a framework of ribs 44 rose window A circular window composed of patterned tracery arranged in petallike formation 45rustication in building the rough irregular and unfinished effect deliberately given to the exterior facing of the stone edi ce 46schiacciato shallow relief 47scurve 48sfumato means smoky soft and mellow the effect of haze on an image in painting 49sinopia drawing fullsized preliminary sketch done in this redbrick color on the arricio 50tiercerons A major rib in a complex rib vault spring from the main springers 51transept A rectangular area which cuts across the main axis ofa basilicatype building and projects beyond it 52triforium A narrow passage in the thickness ofthe wall with arches opening onto the nave 53triptych artwork made of 3 panels 54trompel oeil appearance of natural space and objects is recreated with the express intention of fooling the eye ofthe viewer who may be convinced that the subject actually exists 55tympanum The basically semicircular area enclosed by the arch above the lintel of an arched entranceway 56Usury charging of interest on loans 57vellum ne animal skin prepared for writing and painting 58webbing The vault surface between the ribs of a rib vault


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