FOUNDATIONS OF ENGR I
FOUNDATIONS OF ENGR I ENGR 111
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This 11 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sage Prohaska on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ENGR 111 at Texas A&M University taught by Staff in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 45 views. For similar materials see /class/225868/engr-111-texas-a-m-university in Engineering and Tech at Texas A&M University.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
Professional Ethics Ethics is the study of the morality of human actions Professional ethics guide the personal conduct of a professional Most technical societies have a written code of ethics which follow a common format Ethical behavior is defined in a set of Fundamental Principles Fundamental Principles are expanded in a set of rules called the Fundamental Canons Fundamental Principles Published by the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology Engineers uphold and advance the integrity honor and dignity of the engineering profession by I using their knowledge and skill for the enhancement of human welfare 11 being honest and impartial and serving with fidelity the public their employers and clients 111 striving to increase the competence and prestige of the engineering profession and IV supporting the professional and technical societies of their disciplines Fundamental Canons l Engineers shall hold paramount the safety health and welfare of the public in the performance of their professional duties 2 Engineers shall perform services only in the areas of their competence 3 Engineers shall issue public statements only in an objective and truthful manner 4 Engineers shall act in professional matters for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees and shall avoid con icts of interest 5 Engineers shall build professional reputation on the merit of their services and shall not compete unfairly with others 6 Engineers shall act in such a manner as to uphold and enhance the honor integrity and dignity of the profession 7 Engineers shall continue their professional development throughout their careers and shall provide opportunities for the professional development of those engineers under their supervision Case Study 1 Only a little poison Larry s company uses a avor additive but the avor is unstable 0 A chemist nds that the avor can be stabilized by adding very small quantities of tin and lead Tin and lead are poisons The amount of tin and lead added is less than the amount leached from the soldered seams in tin cans like the ones used for many food items Should Larry 1 Recommend that the additive not be used because it is unethical to add poisons no matter what the quantity 2 Prevent any further problems by suppressing the nding 3 Recommend use of this heavymetals stabilized additive 4 Recommend that it be used but that the deliberate addition of heavy metals be considered a trade secret and be kept from the public because quotit would cause unnecessary worryquot 5 Other Case Study 2A graduate s commitment Three months after graduation you have accepted a job with an engineering rm and subsequently are invited by another rm for an interview Your employer has invested a signi cant amount of money during the interview process and in relocating you The travel distance to the second rm is considerable and it has agreed to pay for any expenses incurred on the trip What should you do 1 Go to the interview and not tell either rm about the other 2 Go on the interview but not accept reimbursement for your travel expenses 3 Decline the interview 4 Go on the interview and accept the reimbursement if both rms agree that this is acceptable 5 Other Case Study 3 Rectj ing an error 0 Paula a structural engineer was asked to investigate an existing structure to determine the feasibility of expanding it The structure had been designed by a group under Paula s supervision Paula was responsible but did not review the group s design 0 In checking the design Paula found that the structure had not been properly designed to resist loads from an earthquake The risk of failure due to an earthquake while real is not too significant What should Paula do 1 Say nothing about the problem and simply report that the structure is not capable of carrying the loads from the proposed expansion 2 Work out a system for the structure that would rectify the original problem and would also provide a system to support the loads for the proposed expansion 3 Admit she made the original error and suggest to the owner that a retro t should be made on the structure to prevent the possibility of damage due to an earthquake Case Study 4 Who owns your knowledge 0 Ken is a process engineer for Stardust Chemical and has signed a secrecy agreement Stardust developed an adaptation of a piece of equipment to cool plastic slurry Ken leaves Stardust Ken realizes that the modi cation could be used to cool fudge Has Ken 1 Acted unethically because he divulged the proprietary modi cation that Stardust developed 2 Acted ethically because he has only used the idea behind the modi cation and not the speci c change developed by Stardust 3 Acted unethically if the machine used to cool fudge and the one used by Stardust were identical 4 How does Ken avoid this dilemma Case Study 5 Strikebreaking Engineers Reginald is an engineer in a highly automated plant 0 Union operators are on strike over quotunsafequot working conditions Reginald believes that the working conditions may be unsafe but they are not covered under any government safety regulations The company has offered Reginald double overtime for hours over 40 and 100 day incentive to work in the plant during the strike Should Reginald l Refuse to work because he thinks the allegations have merit 2 Refuse to work because he believes strike breaking is unethical 3 Work because he feels this is an obligation of all members of management 4 Work because it is a great way to catch up on his bills or earn a down payment on a car 5 Work because he believes he may be fired if he doesn39t 6 Other Case Study 6 The falsi ed data 0 Jay is a group leader in charge of selecting the best of two catalysts The boss says to run tests on both but expects Catalyst A to be better 0 The tests show Catalyst B to be better but the engineers doubt the tests 0 The boss tells Jay to write a report showing Catalyst A to be better 0 Jay writes the report Would you 1 Write the report as directed by the boss 2 Refuse to write the report because it would be unethical 3 Write the report but also write a memo to the boss stating that what was being done is unethical to cover you in case you are found out 4 Write the report as directed but refuse to have your name on it as the author 5 Go over your boss s head and report that you have been asked to falsify records Case Study 7 The falsi ed data strike back 0 Jay is a group leader in charge of selecting the best of two catalysts The boss says to run tests on both but expects Catalyst A to be better 0 The tests show Catalyst B to be better but the engineers doubt the tests 0 The boss tells Jay to write a report showing Catalyst A to be better 0 Jay writes the report as directed another case study 0 Jay is in charge of a pilot plant using the catalyst Jay runs tests and B is indeed better If you were Jay what you do 1 Since no one knows that you39ve done the tests do you just keep quiet about them since the process will run acceptably with Catalyst A but not nearly as well 2 Do you tell your former boss the catalyst expert about the clandestine tests and let him decide what to do next 3 Do you make a clean breast of the whole affair to higher management knowing that it could get you and a number of colleagues red or at least discredited professionally 4 Other Case Study 8 quotNaturalquot may not mean quotgoodquot 0 Ruth works as a group leader for a food company in product development 0 They analyze the naturally occurring avor constituents in the product 0 These constituents cause cancer in lab animals when given in large quantities There are no laws concerning naturally occurring food Should Ruth 1 Submit a con dential report to her superiors and let them decide 2 Submit to a reputable journal an article summarizing the compounds found but without mentioning the cancer 3 Notify a consumerprotection organization 4 Do something else Case Study 9 The Christmas Gi Henry has in uence over his companies choice of suppliers 0 He often receives inexpensive gifts from salespersons at Christmas 0 One salesperson gives him an expensive briefcase with his initials on it Should Henry 1 Keep the case on the grounds that his judgment will not be affected in any way 2 Keep the case since it would only cause embarrassment all around if the case were returned 3 Return the case 4 Other Case Study 102The cyanide dumping Ed is the plant manager 0 One night too much cyanide is added to the water the tank is emptied and the process is started over Two weeks later Ed nds out that the batch has been illegally dumped down the drain Ed disciplines the night foreman Ed inquires with the authorities and nds that no apparent harm has occurred Should Ed 1 Inform government authorities about the incident as required by law even though no apparent harm resulted 2 Keep the incident quiet in Violation of the law since no harm resulted the foreman has been punished and a report would only cause trouble for the company without doing the public any good 3 Let corporate management make the decision 4 Take some other action