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by: Christ Spencer I


Marketplace > Texas A&M University > Psychlogy > PSYC 107 > INTRO TO PSYCHOLOGY
Christ Spencer I
Texas A&M
GPA 3.55

Rachel Hull

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Rachel Hull
Class Notes
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Christ Spencer I on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 107 at Texas A&M University taught by Rachel Hull in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 121 views. For similar materials see /class/225876/psyc-107-texas-a-m-university in Psychlogy at Texas A&M University.

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Date Created: 10/21/15
Practice Exam 1 0 NOTE The practice exam is meant to help you think about the application level at which you need to know the material and to familiarize you with the way I ask questions As a practice instrument it does NOT cover every possible topic you need to know you are responsible for everything we have covered in lecture including the course requirements information in the syllabus 0 FOR OPTIMAL RESULTS take the entire exam without looking up the answers hindsight biasl MAKE SURE YOU CAN EXPLAIN WHY THE RIGHT ANSWER IS RIGHT AND WHY EACH OF THE WRONG ANSWERS IS WRONG Don t forget your de nitions and their demonstrative examples from class LOOK UP ANY CONCEPTS YOU DO NOT UNDERSTAND GOOD LUCK 1 Megan was certain that she would never live far away from her family However she actually did move later to develop her career Megan39s cognitive error is A the hindsight bias B illusory correlation C random assignment D the placebo effect E overconfidence 2 Ifthe correlation between the physical weight and reading ability of elementary school students is 85 you should conclude that A the relationship between weight and reading ability among elementary school students is not statistically significant B Reading ability increases weight gain in elementary school children C Weight gain increases reading ability among elementary school students D body weight may or may not have causal in uence on the reading abilities of elementary school children 3 The class is playing a game of Jeopardy and it is yourturn I39ll take Pioneers in Psychology for 50 The revealed answer is Focused on unconscious factors and relied on the case study method Just before the buzzer sounds what will you say A Who are the Gestaltists B Who are the humanists C Who are the psychoanalysts D Who are the behavioristsquot 4 Kelly came home to a dark apartment and had to feel around the wall for the light switch She knew when her hand found the light switch because her relayed this information to her brain A spinal cord B somatic nervous system C parasympathetic nervous system D central nervous system 5 A psychologist evaluated Tameka an eightyearold child who has experienced difficulty in school The psychologist sent questionnaires to 100 teachers to determine if they had ever seen similar cases Based on the teachers responses the psychologist hypothesized that a particular diet might cause the learning problem Following her tabulation of the responses she designed a study that would tell her if diet were the actual cause In order from rst to last which of the following lists describes the research methods this psychologist used A experiment case study survey B case study survey experiment C correlation case study experiment D naturalistic observation survey experiment 6 lfthe limbic system were destroyed which of the following structures would be damaged A cerebellum and corpus callosum B cerebellum and amygdala C amygdala and hippocampus D hippocampus and corpus callosum 7 A young man reads in a letterthat he hasjust won 1000 in a statewide lottery and he literallyjumps forjoy Which neurons are sending messages from his brain to his legs ordering them to jump A Sensory neurons B Motor neurons C Interaction Neurons D Association neurons 8 Your conscious awareness of your own name and selfidentity depends primarily on the normal functioning ofyour A Cerebellum B Amygdala C Hypothalamus D Sympathetic Nervous System E Cerebral Cortex 9 The part of the brain that receives sensations of touch and oversees spatial abilities is in the A Occipital Lobe B Temporal Lobe C Parietal Lobe D Frontal Lobe 10 When you see someone you have a crush on and your heart pounds your hands get sweaty and your cheeks feel hot your isare very active A skeletal nervous system B spinal reflexes C autonomic nervous system D somatic nervous system 11 Which of the following is NOT true of all neurotransmitters A They are chemicals B They are stored in synaptic vesicles C They are released across the synaptic gap D They increase the likelihood that the next neuron will fire 12 Mei was sent to the school psychologist to be tested Based on her IQ scores it was decided that she would do well in the gifted child program This is an example of which goal of psychology A describing behavior B explaining behavior C predicting behavior D controlling behavior 13 The process of digesting your last snack or meal or the unconscious regulation of your breathing are all primarily rooted in the nervous system A Autonomic B Limbic C Somatic D Secondary 14 The deer waits motionlessly hidden in the thicket as the band of hunters approach As they get closer their dogs bark picking up the scent of their prey In a futile effort to escape the deer bolts Which of the following most accurately describes the nervous system of the hunted deer at this point A Its sympathetic nerve fibers are more active than its parasympathetic nerve fibers B lts parasympathetic nerve fibers are more active than its sympathetic nerve fibers C Both its sympathetic and parasympathetic nerve bers are equally active D Neither its sympathetic not its parasympathetic nerve fibers are active 15 McGee hasjust played a long bruising football game but feels little fatigue or discomfort His lack of pain is most likely caused by the release of A Glutamate B Dopamine C Acetylcholine D Endorphins 16 An emergency room physician must treat a patient who has recently eaten a can of tainted mushrooms Suspecting the botulin toxin the physician must treat the woman in order to A prevent the breakdown of serotonin in the patient39s nervous system B prevent the botulin toxin from blocking the binding of acetylcholine C prevent the botulin toxin from breaking down the acetylcholine in the patient39s nervous system D prevent the botulin toxin from blocking the binding of serotonin 17 The area in the back of the left temporal lobe that is important in our ability to listen and understand what others are saying is A Korsakoffs area B Wernicke s area C Broca s area D Sach s area 18 Which brain structure receives information from all the sensory systems A hippocampus B amygdala C angular gyrus D thalamus 19 The goals of psychology are to A explore the conscious and unconscious functions of the human mind B understand compare and analyze human behavior C improve psychological wellbeing in all individuals from birth until death D describe explain predict and control behavior 20 One of the reasons psychodynamic theories have persisted over the years is that they are A supported by scientific research B based on facts C difficult to to scientifically test and thus difficult to disprove D used by the majority of psychologists 21 Which of the following is true of neural impulses in a single neuron A The neuron may fire during the absolute refractory period B The strength of a neural impulse increases as the strength ofthe incoming message gets stronger C The strength ofa neural impulse decreases as the strength of the incoming message gets stronger D The strength ofa neural impulse is the same each time the neuron fires 22 In which type of research would an investigator manipulate one factor in order to observe its effect on some behavior or mental process A The survey B The case study C Experimentation D Naturalistic Observation 23 A drug that mimics the effects ofa particular neurotransmitter is called an A Glutamate B Antagonist C Agonist D Opiate 24 Statistics show that as wine consumption has gone up violent crime in the United States since 1980 has gone down From this statement you can conclude that A violent crimes will increase if wine consumption is reduced B drinking wine decreases people s tendencies to commit violent crimes C wine consumption and violent crime are positively correlated D wine consumption and violent crime are negatively correlated 25 Despite its dangers a young man continues to take cocaine because ofthe feeling of euphoria it produces for him This powerful arousal of his nervous system is probably due to cocaine39s ability to A inhibit enzymes that break down neurotransmitters B increase the release of neurotransmitters C block the receptor sites for neurotransmitters D intensify the effect of neurotransmitters 26 In response to objections to the psychoanalysis perspective a new school of thought emerged that emphasized conscious experience and each person s unique potential for personal growth selfdetermination and free will This perspective of psychology is called A Structuralism B Functionalism C Humanistic D Sociocultural 27 Josh has been participating in a clinical study by a cognitive psychologist It is likely that his brain is being studied to explore A problemsolving B thinking C language D all ofthe above 28 According to the perspective no person can keep a secret because even if their lips are silent the person will unconsciously reveal what they know through other behaviors A behaviorism B humanism C psychoanalysis D cognitive 29 A researcher based on her review of relevant scienti c studies believes that there is a relationship between the frequency of a baby39s crying and whether it was nursed at set intervals or on a demand schedule lfthis belief were tested by experimentally manipulating feeding schedules frequency of crying would be called the A Latent factor B Dependent Variable C Independent Variable D Control Factor 30 The magazine Desperate Housewives publishes a survey of its female readers called Cooking and the American Wife It reports that 87 percent of American wives like to cook wearing aprons The critical aw in this research would be the fact that A the sample is not representative of American wives B a psychological test ratherthan a survey should have been given C aprons are not equally available in all regions of the country D cooking has not been operationally defined 31 In the 1970s a 13yearold girl was found locked up in a room tied to a potty chair Since she had grown up in a world without human speech researchers studied Genie s ability to acquire words grammar and pronunciation This type of research is called This is a true story google it A a case study B a representative sample C a singleblind study D a naturalistic observation 32 Dr Mosher is a psychologist who tries to understand how people select mates She must be an A behavioral psychologist B cognitive psychologist C evolutionary psychologist D biopsychological psychologist 33 After spending time with Michael the school counselor tells his teacher that his inappropriate behavior is a result of the absence of attention from his parents at home Which goal of psychology is this an example of A Description B Explanation C Prediction D Control 34 What is the most likely scientific reason Dr Falk would conduct the same study that her colleague a psychologist at another university conducted A She wishes to establish that she can conduct the same project with superior methodology than that of her colleague B If she achieves the same results this would suggest that her colleague s findings were likely not an accident C She would like to publish a paper in the same journal as did her colleague D None of the above 35 Jessica wants to conduct a study about differences in jealousy between men and women She asks 400 college men and women a series ofquestions about hypothetical scenarios of partner in delity What is Jessica s population A Men in the United States B Women in the United States C The 400 college men and women chosen D All men and women 36 Cal believes that a larger percentage of a city s population will engage in public displays of affection in highly populated cities due to feelings of anonymity when an individual is among a lot of other people He rides a bus in densely populated New York City for ve hours straight watches the bus riders interactions with each other and unobtrusively counts the number of couples who are holding hands hugging or kissing He then does the same in the sparsely populated city of Rock Falls Iowa The research method Cal used is known as A an experiment B a case study C naturalistic observation D interviewing 37 According to the situation in 36 what is Cal s sample A All the men and women in New York and in Iowa B The people who ride the bus he selected in each city C Everyone in Rock Falls Iowa D All people in large cities and all people in small cities 38 A psychologist using a correlational study design would be most likely addressing which ofthe following research questions A Will mice learn to run the maze more quickly ifthey are given a stimulant B Do children display aggressive behavior if they are exposed to aggressive adult models C lfl raise the dosage of an antidepressant will it alleviate clients depressive symptoms more quickly compared to a control group D Is there a relationship between parents income and their children s intelligence test scores 39 Jaleel is a participant in a cognitive experiment but he does not know if he is in the experimental group or the control group The researchers however are aware of the condition to which he has been assigned The study in which Jaleel is participating is called A a singleblind study B a doubleblind study C a laboratory observation D a naturalistic observation 40 Which of the following research projects does not use a descriptive design A Jane Goodall observed chimpanzees for years and was eventually accepted into chimp society as a lowranking female Through her observations she discovered that chimps use tools B In a gruesome accident a railroad worker named Phineas Gage had a three foot long iron tamping rod shoot through his head He survived the accident but his personality changed completely As a result of the changes in his behavior and abilities doctors studying his case determined that the frontal lobe is the area of the brain important in particular mental functions C Harry Harlow took baby monkeys from their mothers and put each in a cage containing only a wire stand and a terrycloth covered stand ln half ofthe cages the wire stand held the milk bottle in the other half of the cages the terrycloth covered stand held the milk bottle No matter which stand had the bottle the monkeys preferred to cling to the cloth covered stands Harlow s work indicates that attachment is based on contact comfort D Alfred Kinsey interviewed people about their sexual experiences Based on his findings he developed a scale measuring sexual orientation ranging from 0quot completely heterosexual to 6quot completely homosexual Answers to the practice exam will be provided at the exam review THURSDAY at 5pm in our regular classroom Don t be late


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