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by: Dr. Christopher O'Hara


Dr. Christopher O'Hara
Texas A&M
GPA 3.72

Maria Barrufet

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About this Document

Maria Barrufet
Class Notes
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This 23 page Class Notes was uploaded by Dr. Christopher O'Hara on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PETE 310 at Texas A&M University taught by Maria Barrufet in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see /class/225885/pete-310-texas-a-m-university in Petroleum Engineering at Texas A&M University.

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Popular in Petroleum Engineering




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Date Created: 10/21/15
PETE 310 Lecture 1 Introduction to Organic Chemistry viewed as an engineer Engineering in General A The ability to compute separates the engineer from the technician A Engineering mathematics generates an insight in to physica1 ph en om ena A This course requires QUALITATIVE comp on en ts A QUANTITATIVE components EXPERIMENTAL comp on en ts l Engineering in General A Qualitative A Sketch A Layout A Schematics A Diagrams A Flow Charts A Quantitative A Computation of properties with physical units A Experimental A Use of physical models and tests to compensate for qualitative and quantitative uncertainty Review of Organic Chemistry and some definitions Vervlimited The Periodic Table Explore key information about the chemical elements through this periodic table G FOUE IIIZ li Z EEEHEEHEEEMJEEEEE I Perle Mm Lahrtharjgidsi I Actinoids A cool website httpIwwwebekmentsxami provides properties of all elements in the pen odic table Characteristics of Selected Elements Name Svmbol Protons Atomic Atomic Number Weight 101 1201 1401 1600 2299 2431 3097 3206 3545 3910 4008 Hydrogen Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Sodium Magnesium Phosphorous Sulfur Chlorine Potassium Calcium N mw ozou Q a The Atomic Theory A All matter consists of tiny particles called atoms A Atoms are made up of three fundamental particles tprotons tneutrons kelectrons Atomic Structure A Protons and neutrons are in the nucleus In Electrons are in orbits around the nucleus A There are equal numbers of protons and electrons Atomic Mass A Protons and neutrons are far heavier than electrons A The unit of atomic mass is the mass of a proton or neutron A Carbon has an atomic mass of 12 the total of protons plus neutrons Atomic Number 4 Atomic number of an element is the number of protons in the nucleus A The atomic number identifies the element and distinguishes it from all other elements A Thus carbon is the element with atomic number 6 Molecular Weights A The molecular weight is the sum of the atomic weights of the constituents of the molecule A Example water H20 the molecular weight is 16 101 101 1802 atomic mass units The Mole A The weight in grams equivalent to the atomic or molecular weight in atomic mass units A A mole of water has a weight of 1802 grams A A mole of any substance contains AVOGADRO S number of particles 602 x 1023 PROTON NEUTRON NUCLEUS G ELECTRON L CARBON Versatility Diamonds Graphite 4 The shells 0r arbits which contain the electmns have characteristic accupanc39ry capacity A The first three cantain 2 8 and 58 or 18 respectively 4 Atams tend to ccmbine chemically forming either ionic or covalent bands so that the enter arbits are camplete The Ionic Bond Sodium Has An Excess Electron Chlorine Lacks One The Ionic Bond Orbits become complete by donation acceptance of an electron g 39 O O u o t o O o o O Q o u n 39 O POSITIVE NEGATIVE ION ION The Covalent Bond S n 0 r t C e 1 g n 1 v a h S V b e t e 1 m 0 m 0 C e b S H m 0 SHARING OF TRANSFER OF ELECTRONS ELECTRON positive ion ion Carbon Chemistry A Homologous Series 9 A group of molecules which have similar chemical properties and a gradation in physical properties All members conform to a general formula A Alkanes 9 General formula CHHZMZ Saturated hydrocarbons Have the maxim um number of hydrogen atoms for the number of carbons ie all the C C bonds are single bonds Assignment A Read MCain 112 today 12272


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