Chapter 15 review
Chapter 15 review
Popular in Course
Popular in Department
verified elite notetaker
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Fatima Ahmed on Tuesday January 13, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at a university taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 40 views.
Reviews for Chapter 15 review
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/13/15
Chapter 15 Review A Freudian therapy that emphasizes the use of free association dream interpretation resistances and transference to uncover unconscious con icts o in psychoanalysis the technique of having a client say anything that comes to mind regardless of how embarrassing or unimportant it may seem o Freud believed that dreams disguise consciously unacceptable feelings and forbidden desires in dream form The psychoanalyst can help the patient work past the obvious visible meaning of the dream its manifest content By analyzing dream symbols images that have personal or emotional meanings to uncover the hidden symbolic meaning its latent content 0 When free associating or describing dreams patients may resist talking o tendency to transfer feelings to a therapist similar to those the patient had for important persons in his or her past As the patient reexperiences repressed emotions the therapist can help the patient recognize and understand them 0 Does the therapy aim to bring clients to a deeper understanding of their thoughts emotions and behavior Or is it designed to bring about direct changes in troublesome thoughts habits feelings or behavior without seeking insight into their origins or meanings o Does the therapist provide strong guidance and advice Or does the therapist merely assist clients who are responsible for solving their own problems 0 Does the therapy involve one therapist with one client Or do several clients participate at the same time o Openended vs timelimited therapy Is the therapy open ended Or is it begun with the expectation that it will last only a limited number of sessions A nondirective therapy based on insights gained from conscious thoughts and feelings emphasizes accepting one39s true self 0 Unconditional positive regard Unshakable love and approval given without quali cation 0 Empathy A capacity for taking another39s point of view the ability to feel what another is feeling 0 Authenticity In Carl Rogers39s terms the ability of a therapist to be genuine and honest about his or her own feelings an insight therapy that focuses on the elemental problems of existence such as death meaning choice and responsibility emphasizes making courageous life choices An approach that focuses on immediate experience and awareness to help clients rebuild thinking feeling and acting into connected wholes emphasizes the integration of fragmented experiences A therapy directed at changing the maladaptive thoughts beliefs and feelings that underlie emotional and behavioral problems Perceiving only certain stimuli among a larger array of possibilities Blowing a single event out of proportion by extending it to a large number of unrelated situations Classifying objects or events as absolutely right or wrong good or bad acceptable or unacceptable and so forth According to BeckI selective perception overgeneralizationI and allornothind thinking are codnitive habits that underlie depression An approach that states that irrational beliefs cause many emotional problems and that such beliefs must be changed or abandoned ABC The letter A stands for an activating experiencel which the gerson assumes to be the cause of CI an emotional conseguence For instanceI a person who is reiected the activating exgeriencel feels degressedI threatenedI or hurt the conseguencel Rationalemotive behavior theragy shows the client that the real groblem is what comes between A and C In between is B the client39s irrational and unrealistic beliefs In this examgleI an unrealistic belief leading to unnecessary suffering is quotI must be loved and approved bv evervone at all timesquot 0 Any therapy designed to actively change behavior 0 Suppressing an undesirable response by associating it with aversive painful or uncomfortable stimuli Reducing fear or anxiety by repeatedly exposing a person to emotional stimuli while the person is deeply relaxed Use of computergenerated images to present fear stimuli The virtual environment responds to a viewer39s head movements and other inputs 0 A technique for reducing fear or anxiety based on holding upsetting thoughts in mind while rapidly moving the eyes from side to side operant principles p erant extinction The weakening or disappearance of a nonreinforced operant response 0 Any event that increases the probability that a particular response will occur 0 A therapeutic program in which desirable behaviors are reinforced with tokens that can be exchanged for goods services activities and privileges O A treatment for severe depression consisting of an electric shock passed directly through the brain which induces a convulsion requires surgery but allows for electrical stimulation of precisely targeted brain regions Implanted electrodes can be used to treat disorders other than depression such as obsessivecompulsive disorder
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'