HIST OF TEXAS
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Carolanne Tremblay on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 226 at Texas A&M University taught by Philip Smith in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 210 views. For similar materials see /class/226151/hist-226-texas-a-m-university in History at Texas A&M University.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
Presidential Reconstruction Radical or Congressional Reconstruction Civil War Amendments 13 14 15 aslavery citizenship vote Freedmen s Bureaue bureau of refugees and abandoned land 70 agents adjusting protect rights find families foodclothes whites responded by shootings burning black schools By 1868 almost all shut down 1870 bureau closed Plight of freedmen white resistance to Reconstruction reconstruction failed lost slaveskept land ended officially with compromise of 1877 prez elec of 1876over who would win demotildon V repubhayes Sharecropping and tenant farminge 1890 census 43 tenants and sharecroppers worked land 34 sharecroppers and 9 tenants Small farmers small cash crops Grew for the market and buy from market with profit made Took on profit riskerisk profits fail Cotton prices fell Over production of crops in market Weren t organized anyways Factorworked for factoring co Talked to the farmers Tx fa rmersegrange movement Carpetbaggers and Scalawags a derogatory term originally describing worthless livestock applied to native white Southerners who supported the federal reconstruction plan and cooperated with the blacks in orderto achieve their ends Some ofthe scalawags were entirely above board having opposed the Confederacy in earliertimes and later wanted a new South to emerge from the rubble Others cooperated with or served in the Republican governments in orderto avail themselves of moneymaking opportunities Carpetbaggers but applied to Northerners who went South during Reconstruction motivated by either profit or idealism The name referred to the cloth bags many ofthem used fortransporting their possessions but today is applied to any recently arrived opportunist Despite the negative connotation of the name many carpetbaggers were sincerely interested in aiding the freedom and education of the former slavesout of towners Redeemers and Bourbonse criticized reconstruction party of reconstruction Texas Redeemer Constitution 93rd time new constitutional convention 1876 new constitution Govterm 2 years nolittle control all do to resistance to limiting education to black children still have to doamended 456 times For a while protected freedman Attempts to reconstruction Morrill LandGrant Act 9 set lands aside in each state sold for making educationprovided education for blacks Texas didn t have any fed landsretained its own Fed gov made deal funded by Colorado 180000 for 75 centsfounding Had to educate blacks conditions of Texas AampM foundinge 1871 organize a public institute of higher learning Compromise of 18779 Indian policy Adobe Walls Quanah Parker cattle and ranchingebraham cattleadvcan sweat handle heat better originate from india good mothers with babies santa gertrudisunique to tx cowboys used to be paid in kind work for a whilte get start accepting wages Strike for higher wagesfail XIT Ranchelargest ranch in texas Over 3 million acres ofland Dalhart TX Along NM border End 18905 british investors weren t getting enough It sold off in parcelts til 1963 Proceeds of ranch built the state capital barbed wire and windmillsewindmill driven pumps railroadseafter civil war 1890 railroads in every city in TX State gave 16 sections of land to railroad companies for every mile of track 32 million acres total given Continue to attract population Communities offered tax breaks Brought world into tx shows By 1890 5 cities with 20000 people san antinio largest DFW Houston Waco Galveston 1886 rail workers in marshallviolence Tx militia came into resotre order transporting crops out Railroads run togetherprices ridiculousmonopolies Unjustly applying trans prices Iawlessness Roy Bean The Law West of the Pecosquot9 Judge Roy Bean the law west of the pecos born in Kentucky set up bar beanville by pecos river salooncourthouse Became justice of peace 1896just outside langtreeheavy weight boxing onisland in Mexico Couldn t inforce on that side of border Called it the jersey lilly Because of the singer Lillie Langtry English singer Texas Rangers reorganized 1874especial force under govt 1874 recreationcattle Nueces strip against cattle wrestlers stoen cattle by Indians fronteir battalionsent to west pursuit of Indian battlesthinned out 300 outlaws sam bassround rock bank rangers killed him in Gun battle tx outlaw John Wesley Hardinkilled a freedman killed 7 others 3 kansas 4 more jailebroke outeFC captured jailed he got parolled in 1894 Judge Roy Bean the law west of the pecos born in Kentucky set up bar beanville by pecos river salooncourthouse Became justice of peace 1896just outside langtreeheavy weight boxing onisland in Mexico Couldn t inforce on that side of border Called it the jersey lilly Because of the singer Lillie Langtry English singer The New Southesouth after the civil war urbanization and industrialization Farmers Alliance91877coop for farmersmore political anglelimiting powers of railroads or dangers of what banks will do to them Cleburne Demandseendorsed platform convention in cleburn reguation of railroad rates pubic lands sold to farmers reguation of banks notjust fold to back up but silver Burst for alliance movementwomen could join too By 1888150000 members Issue on crop represented the common person voices of 19th century 1886 electionsul ross James hoggalso attacked railroads Subtreasury planefundseperated the parties Populists People s Partyefarmers alliance movement pubic ownership of railroads Blackwhite members broke the color barriers Economic interest over color Lower end blackwhite Gov ownership of railroadtelegraphpublic utilities demographic and economic changes in Texas 187018909 What was Reconstruction Describe its two main phases Who controlled Texas politics after the Civil War and how did this control change over time Did Reconstruction succeed or fail How and when did Reconstruction end 50 points What was sharecropping How did it work Why did it develop Why was it more common in southern than northern states 25 points Between 1870 and 1900 what happened to Indians in Texas 25 points Between 1870 and 1900 how did the Texas economy change How did it stay the same 25 points What was the Texas Farmers Alliance Who were its members What were its political issues What became of the Alliance and its issues 50 points In The Captives why did white Indians find it difficult or impossible to return to their former lives after captivity 25 points In The Strange Career of Bilingual Education in Texas the author discussed additive Americanization and subtractive Americanization What does he mean and what do each of these mean for bilingual education in Texas 25 points
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