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by: Pat Prosacco


Marketplace > Texas A&M University > Kinesiology > KINE 199 > MAJORS AEROBIC MOVEMENT
Pat Prosacco
Texas A&M
GPA 3.63

Francis Thomas

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Francis Thomas
Class Notes
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Pat Prosacco on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to KINE 199 at Texas A&M University taught by Francis Thomas in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 25 views. For similar materials see /class/226200/kine-199-texas-a-m-university in Kinesiology at Texas A&M University.




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Date Created: 10/21/15
HISTORY 0f ARCHERY I Before the use of gunpowder the bow did more than any other weapon to change the face of the world 0 The oldest bows in existence were found in the Nile River Valley amp date back to 2000 BC o In the late 1200s the English established the long bow as their national weapon I Realizing the importance of the bow Edward III declared that archery was to be practiced by all males This practice with the bow enabled the English to defeat France in the major battles of the Hundred Year War 0 This was the last major con ict where the bow was the prominent weapon The decline of the practice of archery continued until 1545 when King Henry VIII commissioned Roger Ascham to write the first book on archery o The book was entitled Toxophilus 0 King Henry VII also organized groups to practice archery as a sport The first organized contest was held in 1583 and was sponsored by the Society of Finsbury Archers 3000 archers participated Indians LIVED by the bow They used it for 0 Hunting sport protection worship and war 0 Almost every tribe in America used the bow Organized archery came into America in 1828 when the United Bowmen of Philadelphia was formed 0 By 1879 the sport had grown to such a large proportion that a governing body was formed I The National Archery Association of the United States NAA Archery returned to the Olympics as a gold medal event in the 1972 games I The Federation of International Target Archery was formed in 1931 to promote archery throughout the world E QUIP T BOWS I The composite take down bow is the most used bow in target archery today It combines the durability of fiberglass with the precision of wood 0 Price ranges from 250 500 I The most important aspect in selecting a bow is in determining the proper draw weight for the archer o The weight stamped on the bow is for a 28in draw length 0 For every inch you draw over 28 inches the standard is to add two pounds EYE DOMINANCE I Refers to the eye that will take over the aiming process if both eyes are left open when aiming I Should determine whether archer shoots left or right handed o If an archer chooses to shoot with their nondominant eye they must keep their dominant eye closed while aiming ARROWS I The arrow is the most important piece of equipment in archery I When selecting arrows there are three factors to consider Arrow length arrow spine and the type of vanes or fletehing to use 0 Arrow length To determine length draw an oversized arrow to full draw Select the arrow length that is closes to one inch past the back of the bow 0 Arrow spine experimentation is the best way to select Vanes or Fletching Fletching is the best for indoor shooting as they stabilize the arrow ight quickly but they reduce the arrow speed They drift in wind Vanes are made to suit outdoor shooting They do not give as much stabilization as fletching but they fly much faster Experimentation allows you to find what works for each individual 0 ACCESSORIES I Finger tabs gloves and no gloves offer protection for the fingers drawing and releasing the string I The Finger tab is the most efficient type of finger protection 0 They come in many shapes and sizes amp usually are made of leather or cowhide I Arm Guards protect the archer from string slap 0 Arm guards do not solve the problem of string slap I The Quiver used to hold arrows while the archer is shooting 0 Several styles Hip or side quiver shoulder quiver and the ground quiver I The Mechanical Bowsight the most accurate method of aiming 0 These provide finetuning devices for micro adjustment of the sight pin I Components of the Bow 0 String Grooves Upper Limb Arrow Rest Handle Riser Back Lower Limb Tip Face Grip Center Serving I Components of the Arrow 0 Tip Shaft Cresting VanesFletching Nock Locator SCORING I Most common target face is the Official NAA Target Face 0 Color scheme starting in the middle and going out is god red blue black and white 0 If an arrow touches the line between two rings it will count as the higher value 0 Official NAA target faces come in 40 60 80 and 122 centimeters I The number of arrows shot before going to the target to record scores is called an end I An end is usually three or six arrows I The total number of arrows scored is called a round 0 Rounds usually range from 30 to 144 arrows I The official score sheet has a place for each arrow s score the number of hits that end the end score the total number of hits and the total score 0 A hit is any arrow that lands on the scoring part of the target face TECHNI UE The objective is to have the same performance on each arrow If this is done the arrows will land in the same pattern In order to achieve consistency the elements involved in shooting must be understood and developed into a consistent shooting performance This has been broken down into nine basic steps The steps are stance and body position nocking the arrow setting the grip and string ngers draw position set up drawing anchor aiming release follow through and afterhold STANCE amp BODY POSITION I Three stances in archery open closed and square stance I Feet at shoulder width and the shooter s weight should be evenly distributed I The shooter should assume the same stance and position for every shot NOCKING THE ARROW I Assume the stance holding the bow at the grip with the left hand I Hold the arrow by the nock and snap it on the center serving just below the nock locator I Have the fletching at 90 degrees facing away from the bow in order to clear the bow without hitting the sight window or arrow rest SETTING THE GRIP amp STRING FINGERS I With the bow pointing down set the grip and string fingers in place I Do not grip the bow I The string fingers are placed on the string in the distal joints 0 This is done by making the string fingers into a hook o The thumb and little finger are tucked down I The grip and string fingers can best be set by pulling the string back a few inches DRAW POSITION SET UP The archer is beginning to draw the string I There are three parts to this step 0 Raising the bow arm setting the bow shoulder and pronating the elbow I The bow arm is raised to shoulder height with the back of the bow directly at the target The bow shoulder is then set in place I The last step is pronating the elbow The elbow is turned down and away from the string THE DRAW I The initial pull comes from the arm I Pull the string back with a steady motion towards your chin to either the front or side anchor I The shoulder and back take over the shot as you roll the arm over the shoulder joint using the posterior deltoid I Then you pull the arm down into place using the rhomboid located beneath the scapula I The drawing arm should be in line with the arrow at full draw and be pointing directly behind you THE ANCHOR I There are two types of anchors front and side o In the front anchor the drawing hand slides under the jaw bone causing the index finger to touch along the bottom of the jaw o The string then runs up the center of the chin and you touch the tip of your nose lightly to the string AIMING I Check the string pattern then put the sight on the target I You do not want to try to hold the sight completely still 0 Trying to do so will result in creating tension in the bow arm and the sight will move even more 0 Instead push the bow into the target RELEASE amp FOLLOW THROUGH I In order to release the string you simply quit holding it I By relaxing the string fingers and continuing to pull with the back the string will pull away from the fingers throwing them out of the way The string fingers should stay in close to the face and drag along the side of the jaw during the follow through AFTERHOLD I The archer should keep the bow arm up and his concentration on the spot in the gold where he wants the arrow to land CORRECTING ERRORS I If the arrow hits high 0 Raise your sight Your hand isn t touching chin39 raise hand Nose is up off string39 touch tip of nose to the string Stand straight up Keep teeth together on each shot 0 Concentrate on afterhold I If the arrow hits low 0 Lower the sight pin Keep drawing hand under chin Be sure archer afterholds Draw to the same spot each time39 don t lean head 0000 000 THE MIND GAME Once the physical training of the body is done an archer then must turn to the training of the mind Fluctuation in a beginning archer s scores is likely due to a lack of mental consistency An archer must I Define his goals amp desires for archery I Understand his form I The beginning archer needs to understand that he is not trying to shoot a certain score but rather shoot one arrow correctly I Each arrow is a learning experience Once you know what a good shot is practice it in your head Visualize it As a beginner you have to train the subconscious to take over the shot Nothing other than the shot itself should enter into the conscious mind ARCHERY VOCABULARY Actual Draw Length The length of the arrow needed by the archer when at full aw Actual Draw Weight The amount of energy it takes to draw the bow back to full draw Afterhold Maintaining the shooting position after the string has been released Anchor The placement of the hand amp string In relation to the face when at full draw Arm Guard Protection worn on the bow arm to prevent string slap Arrow Rest Piece of plastic or metal that protrudes from the arrow plate Brace The act of stringing the bow Brace Height The distance from the pivot of the bow to the string End Specific number of arrows shot before going to the targets to score Field Captain The male official in charge of the archery tournament Finger Sling Piece of leather worn between the thumb and index finger of the bowhand to keep the bow from falling when an arrow is released Finger Tab Piece of leather worn on the string fingers for protection and to give a smooth release FITA The governing body of target archery worldwide Fletching Feathers attached to the arrow to aid in stabilization Lady Paramount The female in charge of an archery tournament Limbs The working portion of the bow located above and below the handle riser NAA National Archery Association Nock The plastic piece located on the end of the arrow that attaches the arrow to the string PAA 7 The Professional Archery Association Quiver Device for holding arrows Round Total number of arrows to be scored Toxophilite A person dedicated to arche Toxophilus The first book written on archery39 written by Roiger Ascham in 1544 Work Cited Thomas Frank Target Archery for Beginners Third Edition Edina MN Burgess Publishing 1999


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