Week 7 of Lecture Notes
Week 7 of Lecture Notes Psych 101
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Audrey Notetaker on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to Psych 101 at James Madison University taught by Dr. David Daniel in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 22 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at James Madison University.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
VI VII VIII XI XII Our Baby Parental Development 3 stages not trimesters Geminal Stage fertilization 2 week create zygote fertilized egg released from fallopian tube cell division implantation into Uterine Wall Monozygote twins some sperm and egg DiZygote fraternal twins Embryonic Stage 28 week construction fo support structure development protestant secreting waste of major body structures nervous system respiratory Fetal Stage 8 weeksbirth Fm string touches growth refinement Age of viability can live outside host for short period of time 2228 weeks Environmental Effects on Potential Development fetal alcohol syndrome sight learning disabilities Teratogens timingwhen something is developing TypeDifferent types effect different development parts amountdosage and how much Genetic VulnerabilityWhat you re sensitive to and how much Other Factors maternal stress maternal weight gain 25 lbs less than 25 lbs maternal age baby s gender boys at high risk survival rate Adolescence pubertybeginning of sexual maturation rapid physical growth sexual maturity menarche spermarche Secular Trend lowering of the age of puberty 5 years earlier than a century ago1900 1517 2000 1012 Proposed Reasoning for Secular Trend Better nutrition and medical care genetic mimimmreaction range Primary Sex Characteristics Pluming needed to make baby Females ovanes fallopian tubes Utens vagina Males Balls Penis Ball Sack Seminal Vesicles Prostate Gland Xlll Secondary Sex Characteristics Females Breasts public hair under arm hairs change voice muscles broad hipspelvis Males broad shoulders facial hair Psychometrics putting a number Achievement Tests measures what you know right now Aptitude Tests what you could know Personality Tests trying to quantify this thing inside you called a personality IQ intelligence quotient result of a formula tied to a specific theorydoes not measure how smart you are Intelligence there is no set definition of intelligence people don t agree on what it is doesn t exist in many cultures Potential ways to measure what you are Physical Attributes ex eyes nose Mental Processing Speed how fast can you think the more you can do in a minute Physical Response Time information from eye to brain to hand finger tapping 2 kinds of intelligence unified vs multiplies is intelligence one thing unified capacity g a number of highly correlated characteristics is it a number of independent traits a number of uncorrelated traits Theories of Intelligence unified verbal score vs performance score full scale IQ Score ex all different part of something bigger correlated not part of something bigger uncorrelated What is an IQ Binet 1904 Mental Age Stern then Terman 1916 MACAx 100IQlt formula for calculating IQ Normal Distribution bell curve measured round the mean 100 or 15 is around the average IQ words such as slow learner mild retardation superior giftedall used to describe the normal distribution not allowed to use the word average anymore Reliability consistency test retest score should be stable Validity does the test measure what it says it measures content criterion how valid is ratemyprofesor Issues Aptitude vs achievement nothing we can find that experience doesn t play into Standardization Sample norms representative score valid only if represented in norming group constantly comparing Fluid V Crystallized Intelligence fluid raw mental ability skills you use to build those crystals tested with novel tasks abstract reasoning how we learn ability to process and learn Crystallized things we know ex nuggets of knowledge words for things formulas for things culturally transmitted knowledge vocabulary and general knowledge what we learn What you know is influenced but what you can know Intelligence by age Stenberg s Traiarchic Theory of Intelligence 3 different kinds of intelligence Analytical book smarts think efficiently coding and representing information abstract thinking Creativity ability to combine facts in a novel fashion to combine unrelated facts Contextual common sense street smarts adapt environment to maximize strengths and compensate for one s weaknesses Gardner s Theory of Multiple intelligence independent high v low no correlated traits some people excel in only a few areas brain damage 8 different intelligences in book I logicalmathematic scientific ll linguist language Ill musical IV spatial good at seeing things in space navigators V bodilykinesthetic athletes dancers VI interpersonal good with other people VII Intrapersonal good with self knowledge not correlated if you re good with other people does not necessarily mean you re good with yourself VIII naturalistic ability to distinguish among and classify and see patterns IX Can You change you Intelligence Genetic and Environmental contributions to IQ the more genetic twins raised apartgenetic 5075 majority of intelligence is genetic VI Pygmalion in the Classroom Rosenthal amp Jacobson 1968 known for being an environmental study on intelligence 2 groups retested 8 months later Way your treated can change your IQ selffulfilling Prophecy role for environment reaction range genes tell you your range if environment is good high end if bad low end you adapt as best you can to it Influence of Society Flynn Effect intelligence test performance has been rising Influence of Western Society VII What is an IQ Test Good For predicting academic success comparisons reliable test can use in research to see if something changes NOT GOOD Diagnosis IQ test is too big to tell if something is wrong culturally biased Vlll What is it bad at Sir Francis Galton Darwin s cousin very brilliant greatness runs in family for over 200 years no one questioned based on IQ test took way and ability to breathe Hitler and Intelligence idea taken from America Eugenics good genes Genetics could breed better people the same way you breed better cattlequot Target son Eugenics in US infirm disabled poor feeble minded immigrants native and african americans