Genre and Film Noir
Genre and Film Noir ETS 154 - M001
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ETS 154 - M001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Mitchell Jones on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to ETS 154 - M001 at Syracuse University taught by R. Hallas in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see Interpretation of Film in Foreign Language at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
Genre Why does it exist Pleasure similarity and difference Tastes are designed for repetition of same type of movie Works tension between similarity and difference to overcome boredom Genre hybridity combination of two different types of genres Star Wars Cowboys vs Aliens Meaning cultural myth and ritual Works to illuminate values and beliefs within society Done through sense of rituals Allows us to rehearse and think about certain values can be contested Economy suited to industrial mass production Appeals to many people Film Noir French movement Film Black Hay day in 1940s1950s in France and Europe Only UK had access to US films through 19411945 Hollywood swamps mainland Europe with US films after war Killed European film movements which was fragile after war Crime and sexuality through violence More of a historical cycle than genre Dead Men Don t Wear Plaid Satire on film noir Funny because it makes takes the elements of film noir to the extreme Genre Part 11 1021 Classical period of film noir 1941 The Maltese Falcon 1958 Touch of Evil Critical genre category comedy of remarriage A subgenre of a film Isn t used by critics or average people Generally used by film scholars Film noir started as critical genre Popular genre category RomCom Known by everyone Film noir now in this category Idea known throughout popular culture Origins of film noir Film technology faster film stock more sensitive to light smaller cameras Allowed directors to film at night and in darker lighting Visual in uence German Expressionism and French Poetic Realism emerged in 1930s France petty crime shot in beautiful scenes more realistic than German Literary in uence hard boiled fiction Chandler Cain Hammett Film genre in uence Hollywood gangster films social problem films melodrama Cultural context postwar crisis Profound deep seeded changes within society Many at war women at work many died People s view on societal roles altered PTSD kept soldiers from assimilating back into society Middle class women move into work force more social mobility Film noir is transatlantic phenomenon Mass exit of artists eeing Europe during 1930s Hitler and Nazis come to power Many Jewish liberal or both Sought to control and regulate film Many went to Paris first then most ed to Hollywood Generic Conventions of Film Noir Character Types Hardboiled protagonist cynical usually detectiveman for hire Femme Fatale Binary set of women characters good and evil Underworld bossbigtime gangster Themes Murder betrayal Web of corruption troubled past Individual moral code vs institutional morality Fatalism and cynicism Relationship between sexuality and violence Settings Always urban the city bars nightclubs apartmentsoffices streets Night scenes Compositional elementsforms of narration Complex chronology use of ashbacks Voiceover narration Low key lighting contrastive use of light and shadow Emphasis on expressive character blocking over dramatic action Femme Fatale Suffrage movement in late 19th century women fight for right to vote Liberal women framed as out of control Femininity and death sex is dangerous Christian duality of femininity good women vs bad women The new woman and the apper 1920s Women s sexuality became more public Women more independent The Vamp in 1920s cinema sexual dangerous women deadly Theda Bara Rosie the Riveter WWII Mobilization of women Celebrated and encouraged mobilization of women Flipped stereotypes of feminism Maladjusted war veterans Postwar boom and nuclear family Economic boom Suburbanization Pushed women back into the home Second wave feminism 1970s National trauma of Vietnam War 1960s and 70s Always available to public Race riots Reemergence of film noir in late 60s and 70s Aren t same as classics Real life has evolved social standards altered
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