Chapter 8 part 1 : individual differnces
Chapter 8 part 1 : individual differnces KIN 2332
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Delia Navarro on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to KIN 2332 at University of Texas at El Paso taught by BOYLE, JASON B in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 20 views. For similar materials see Motor learning and control in Kinesiology at University of Texas at El Paso.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
Motor Learning and Control Notes Chapter 8 Individual Differences Oct 2022 2015 People vary in their individual characteristics and capabilities Heredity 0 Environmental experience 0 Combination of both Edward Thorndike Investigation of individual differences The concept of individual differences and traits o Traits o inherited factors 0 Stable and enduring 0 Normal distribution 0 Types of traits 0 Cognitive art music Emotional Feelings empathy Personality motivation aggression Physical height body soma type muscle composition kinesthesis handedness perceptual abilities motor abilities 000 Individual differences and motor skills 0 Motor abilities oStable and enduring oUnderie or support the performance of motor skills oMotor abilities as a limiting factor oNot all abilities are equally important oPredisposed limitations on skill performance and learning oMotor abilities establish upper limits 0 Generate factors set limits for environmental factors Abilities vs skills oAbilities oGenetically determined oLimit ability to perform oSkills oDeveloped by practice oDeveloped by experience How many motor abilities are there 0 About 4050 motor abilities debatable o Underlie all human motor skills behavior 0 Fleishman s Taxonomy of motor abilities 0 Identi cation of 21 motor abilities 0 table 82 in text Theories that explain abilities General motor ability a single global ability is the basis for all motor behavior 0 Based on biology Fallacy of observed correlation the tendency to draw conclusions based only on relationships that can be readily observed Correlation The ability to measure the strength of a relationship between two things 0 Similarities between tasks 0 Scores 0 Etc r correction coef cient Range from 1 to 1 Line of best t r 90 strong positive 35 25 15 05 O 05 1 15 2 25 90 strong negative 25 15 05 O 18 2 22 24 26 28 3 32 r 0 no correlation YValues 35 25 05 1 15 2 25 Everyone is good at something 0 Nobody is poor at every motor skill 0 Alternate reasons for poor motor skill performance 0 Motivation 0 Encouragement 0 Instruction oExposing children to a variety of activities and sports