Notes Migration and ethnicity 10-21
Notes Migration and ethnicity 10-21 2300
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Isaiah Hicks on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to 2300 at Bowling Green State University taught by Karen Johnson-Webb in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 40 views. For similar materials see Cultural Geography in Geography at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
Migration and ethnicity All humans descended from a group of Africans who began to migrate out of Africa about 60000 years ago Much of the ethnic pattern in many parts of the world is the result of migration Voluntary migrations have produced much of the ethnic diversity in the United States and Canada Involuntary migration of political and economic refugees has always been an important factor in ethnicity worldwide and is becoming ever more so in North America Types of Migration Chain Migration The tendency of people to migrate along routes over a period of time from speci c source areas to speci c destinations Channelization a process whereby a speci c source region becomes linked to a particular destination 0 Step migration a process by which a group proceeds to its nal destination via a series of intermediate migrations Involuntary Migration Involuntary migration forced migration The forced displacement of a population Internally displaced persons IDPs refugees coersed Return Migration Return migration a type of ethnic diffusion that involves the voluntary movement of a group of migrants back to their ancestral or native country or homeland The largescale return since 1975 of African Americans from the cities of the northern and western United States to the Black Belt Cultural Isolation The degree of isolation an ethnic group experiences in a new home helps determine whether traditional traits will be retained modi ed abandoned or even adopted by the host culture A Long View of Race and Ethnicity Longstanding cohesion through shared language religion or ethnicity provide group members with the perception of a common history and shared destiny quotwenessquot Race and European Colonization Europe39s colonization of vast territories was predicated on the drawing of sharp distinctions between the colonizers and the colonized often depicted in racial terms quotdivide and conquerquot Indigenous amp Minority Identities in the Face of Globalization Exposure to USbased cultural practices is thought to encourage people to shed their distinctive ways in favor of adopting a homogenous modern Westernized culture Culture Preadaptation A complex of adaptive traits and skills possessed in advance of migration by a group giving it survival ability Cultural Maladaptation Poor or inadequate adaptation that occurs when a group pursues an adaptive strategy that in the short run fails to provide Environmental racismjustice The targeting of areas where ethnic or racial minorities immigrants andor poor people live with respect to environmental contamination or failure to enforce environmental regulations Political Geography and states Political Geography The geographic study of politics and political matters Sovereignty Sovereignty The right of individual states to control political and economic affairs within their territorial boundaries without external interference Territoriality learned cultural response Nationalism and the nationstate Nationalism the sense of belonging to and selfidentifying with a national culture Late 18th century The nationstate Modern nationstates include Germany Sweden Japan Greece Armenia and Finland