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Oct 13- 20 Notes

by: Valeria Quintana

Oct 13- 20 Notes HIST 1311-010

Valeria Quintana
GPA 3.5
US history to 1865
Prof. Stephanie Cole

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US history to 1865
Prof. Stephanie Cole
Class Notes
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This 9 page Class Notes was uploaded by Valeria Quintana on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1311-010 at University of Texas at Arlington taught by Prof. Stephanie Cole in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see US history to 1865 in History at University of Texas at Arlington.


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Date Created: 10/21/15
October 13 2015 At the time the people had a facetoface economy 0 John Marshal could have expected the vote of most rural voters if he had run for office in 1800 0 Had nondivisive dinner conversations with Alexander Hamilton 0 Because they are both federalists I Wanted to expand trade network if your talented enough 0 Hamilton shuddered at the idea of small thoughts and depending on Briton markets 0 There was a economic revolution coming while Jefferson was in the presidency he wanted to keep the government small and economy small and farmbased 0 However there were unintended consequences to his policy decisions 0 Barter vs Market economy why a transition in a nation of farmers 0 What was the impact Role of the Supreme Court 0 Marbury vs Madison established Judicial review and gave the Supreme Power 0 Final word on all legislation and policy and rule it either constitutional or unconstitutional 0 Martin vs lessy o 1811 0 During the revolution both sides would confiscate the land of the opponents at the end both countries reversed any confiscation I Any loyalist confiscated would be returned to patriots o In Virginia they were slow and a family sued to get the land back 0 The Virginia court ruled in favor of the lessee and the Supreme Court was brought into the question I The overturn of the Virginia decision federal courts decide these issues and confiscation I Fairfax heir s court won in the end and the Supreme Court was named the tiebreaker o Harmonizes all courts because the US has A LOT of courts 0 McCulloch vs Maryland 0 bank of US clerk McCulloch refused to pay Maryland s tax on bank transactions 0 1816 Madison recreated the Bank of the US AFTER IT FELL under Jefferson I Maryland was not happy on it but it wanted to tax it I The head of the Bank refused to pay the tax and the case ended going to the Supreme Court 0 The court ruled in favor for McCulloch and the Bank of the US 0 Constitutions unenumaated powers meant BUS legal I The bank of the US is constitutional doesn t matter if legislators want to deny a law the federal law will supersede o The power to tax is the power to destroy so the US bank couldn t function under those circumstances 0 Fletcher V Peck 0 Yahoo Land COM Bribed GA legislature to purchase the land I The voters discovered this and the new legislation wanted to repeal the law and sell them to new entities and one of the people Ms Peck o Widow Peck sued for right to resell her lot I The people under the new legislation wanted the right and case went to supreme court 0 The supreme court ruled in favor of Peck because the sale of Peck was legal 0 While bribery is the criminal issue and the court protects business environment 0 They acted in GOOD faith 0 Contracts need to be honored so businesses could have confidence that any contracts made would be honored I Marshall ruled in her favor because of good business environment not because it was the moral thing to do I Contract is SUPREME o Dartmouth College vs Woodward o Dartmouth claimed NH improperly invalidated their Charter issued by the Crown for a private school I The Supreme Court under Marshal honored the charter of Dartmouth because the Charter was an ironclad constitution and they needed to honor it 0 Judge Marshal was a federalist and these cases were ruled under federalist environments so they created central governments and business environment Demise of Jefferson s world 0 Technological increased the reach of the market 0 Multiplied the number of Americans who could then maximize their own interests 0 The US in these stages was built in foreign investments 0 BUT the changes created by technology was not derived by no one just the advancement on economy and tech 0 Internal improvements railroads bridges canals etc and inventions cause I Lowered costs I Decreased time I Allowed reginal specialization the products desired could be bought and imported from other states 0 Cotton Gin increased production brought capital financed growth 0 50 times more efficient o Financed slavery and expansion of railroads banks etc o This crop helped finance infrastructure of the country 0 The cotton gin was what derived the economy of the south I Black Belt states 0 Transportation Revolution I Waterways rst steamboats in 1810 s make a trip from New Orland s to other arts from months to 6 days I Created navigational tools to aid up and down river troops I Canals Eire canal 1825 0 Were able to move products at a cheaper cost 0 Were statefunded projects I Railroads 1830 23 miles 1850 9000 miles 0 All of these had ripple effects in the country I Alex Tocqueville Today other US export product from nations who implicitly have slave workers October 15 2015 Transportation and technology 0 During the J acksonian period the social order of before organized by class the market revolution changes bring more people to a more commercial economy 0 People change economic position change location entrapanourship and make more money I Class order move up and becomes meaningless 0 There is up and down social mobility o The people of this people period instead started to classify people by sex and race I These become more important 0 Before the owning of land was the sign of independence 0 Brought social and geographical MOBILITY 0 Charles River Bridge case 187 0 Had a contract but as the tech advanced the contract was invalidated I Re ection of politics change I Hamilton notion of offering economic opportunity to people 0 He only meant the rich but it opened up to more people 0 Revealed new notion of propertied 0 Competition is in the peoples interest Market Revolution increased social and geographical mobility led to new economic policies and political rights o The election of Old Tip showed how politics and society changed Age of the common man 0 Result of the Market Revolution 0 Eroded traditional reliance on inherited class status 0 Deferential notion was going away 0 Changed family organization 0 Manners entertainment 0 Ideas about God 0 Expansion of the franchise 0 Changes in the 1830 s states set the policy on who could vote requirements I Into the 1820 s required land 0 Some like Georgia and Pennsylvania only required a tax 0 Low boundaries I 1820 s states called constitutional convention to revisit rules for voting they decided no property requirements 0 1 man 1 vote 0 Inserted race 0 Saw white men as the superior sort and their gender that makes them independent I In their nature 0 Class was to uid 0 Said god gave them a way for order to differentiate in Race 0 1825 the African American could vote 0 1826 they could not vote in New York I Race used explicitly to disenfranchise New political culture before choosing office positions was a private process They stood for office Than they created political parties In the 1830 s the presidential election was a 2 month process 0 After the Democratic party formed 0 Compare election campaign material 0 1792 in black and white I Words were in Latin I Was more reserved I Fancy frame symbol for luxury I Deferment to government officials o 1840 and beyond use colors I Use more words I Used common clothes with a cabin in the distance 0 Portrayed like that to get people to identify with him 0 Reminded people of his military campaign 0 Being identi ed as a common man was good 0 Insiders of government was not good anymore 0 Whigs distributed whiskey in EZ Booz distillery logcabin shaped bottles Booz comes from Jackson campaign 0 Gimmicks were used to win elections 0 Voting participation was around 80 of the potential voters 0 Jackson man of the people 0 Hated anything associated with Hamiltonian privilege I Hated banks and big governments aka nonproducers I In his first term he vetoed the renewal of the bank 0 Whigs Jackson will ruin America 0 crazy 0 For an active government Jackson and the Whigs Party were fighting in the 183040 s 0 Jackson during his presidency increased the presidential power made his position more popular 0 He was popular and opened up the white house challenged men for his wife s honor tough guy 0 Started to reward people who supported him by giving them jobs the spoils system I But when the senate gave him advisors he didn t use them just went to friends for advise I Vetoed a transportation bill plus 9 more legislation bills 0 All of this created fear of being overtaken by immigrants and prompted the creation of the antimason party 1832 I More than 200 urban riots in the 1830 s 0 1832 the Mason was thought to be the power behind the scenes 0 Nature of relationship of people in society change 0 Became more impersonal became a wage relationship not personal 0 Master boss apprenticeemployee o Bosses move to the rural surroundings because of the mass transportation developments 0 Factory owners in the Lowell Mills I Young girls worked there 0 Established boarding house gave them vaccinations watched their behavior was moral 1770 s 1780 s 1830 s Context events that Continental army Shays rebellion Market revolution shaped ideas of who prevails Economic problems More social mobility should have power correspondence Factional fights committees are important Outcome gov nature who had power and WhY State constitutions open to vote Constitutions centralized strong president bill of rights slavery national protection Disenfranchisement of black people all white males get to vote classis not important anymore because it is uid The people now thought only white people should be in power expanding economy made democratic changes necessary Common government features October 20 2015 The context of the period help explain the governing of the period In the 1830 s the market revolution is changing the economy 0 By new technology 0 Commerce connections trading routes 0 Market transactions and connections were made 0 Governing documents changed 0 White males didn t have to have property to be able to vote 0 Government policies changed I Created racial restriction I The US put embargos on European products to protect the American industry 0 The agricultural south did not like these tariffs and created a second bank of the United States 0 Created internal improvements 0 Market Revolution 11 0 Change in work and decline in classbased order led to con ict 0 Small factories deskilling and new work relations boss rather than master I Worried about new possible locations salaries and profits now I Young women that worked in factories had rules that correlated with the society values 0 Had to be protected patriarchal o Manufactures did this because women didn t have to produce products for the house anymore now they could just buy products and 0 They could become a newpool of workers and give them low wages and more profits 0 J effersonian ideals were still present and wanted to hold natural image and treat workers fairly o Transitions are messy so class and roles were difficult I Textile mills were powered by water steam factories o Boarding house workers were built for keepers there were nighttime rules and society expectations 0 Yankee daughters new England workers less than workers I Eventually all of these expenses started to change 0 The boarding house rent went up 0 Machine speeded up 0 Wagecuts started to be introduced I The workers started to try to organize strikes 0 The women working in factories use the cultural language and rhetoric of the past revolutions to get owners that get them to change them the policies 0 Win the battle lose the WAR than many immigrants started to come from Europe Ireland famine 0 Women from the US working in factories declined and immigrant worker increased 0 Lack of familiar arrangement is the product of the economy changes and increases 0 Recruiters or slavers would go to small towns to get girls to work in the mills o Fathers expected them to store money to get a family home 0 Cities the environments of the cities changed I Working 1213 hours a day I Cities got bigger o 1839 Albany New York cannel was already completed 0 1879 Albany New York the city was more organized pollution population sky rocketed more than 100 I Bosses moved out of the city and into the rural places so attitudes changed 0 In the Premarket revolution went from the parental relationship 0 Postmarket workers and employers lived farther apart worried about production feel anxious feel a moral responsibility look down or bad about not guiding them 0 Bosses think new workers need God a second great awakening 0 Charles Finny led convents to selfdiscipline I Was encouraged to putting people in the front specially selected that got people to encourage others to accept the new theology 0 Second great awakening 18201850 0 Individual responsibility for salvation 0 Thought Jesus would come to the US so they felt responsibility to create a perfect society they lived in society where people could improve their station I Rags to riches people decide that people through faith and actions individuals will earn their salvation can decide they will be part of the chosen I People can CHOOSE to be saved this theology was new I Earn salvation 0 Individuals had the obligation to change 0 Individualism in the US filtered into the evangelical theology 0 American Christians must create a perfect society 0 When they converted to Christianity the productivity increased this was an accidental product NOT a planned action 0 The New Millennium in the 1830 s people started to predict the rapture I Miller predicted the dates and they sold their stuff It never happened 0 The second great awakening overshadows the numbers of the first great awakening I Spread easier 0 In the 18th century the men dressed to show money and trends 0 Could do this because they never worked 0 Class differences were distinct o In the 19th century men did not just own land now had to work 0 The common working man was admired 0 Class was not so important BUT race was 0 The role of men and women changed I This re ected in clothes 0 Men black and white wore suits o Selfmastery importance of restraint and character 0 More disciplined put off desires for immediate wishes 0 Women had elaborate clothes 0 Women were more domestic more religious o Submissive not competing in the economy and work 0 Not lusty innocence and pure I This ideology was encouraged by society like magazines 0 This is a cultural message or the prescribed role these are attitudes I This image is new 0 Impact middleclass women empowered to reform society 0 true women were not in streets or in trouble I However this image varies by classes in pour families the women and children may had to work I The differences between these behaviors were and class driven 0 Family changes 0 Marriages started to be more of companionate I Emotional intimacy I Fewer children I As a team 0 Marriage as a contract I Divorce is possible I Custody to mothers


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