Wednesday- october 21st class
Wednesday- october 21st class HDFS 320
Popular in Prenatal, Infant and Toddler Development
Popular in Human Development
This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jacy Notetaker on Wednesday October 21, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to HDFS 320 at North Dakota State University taught by Dr. Rebecca Woods in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Prenatal, Infant and Toddler Development in Human Development at North Dakota State University.
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Date Created: 10/21/15
HDFS 320 October 21St Sex Differences and Gender Development in Infancy 0 Sex classification of people male female that corresponds to perceptions of anatomy and physiology Eg genitals facial hair 0 Gender experiences and socially constructed understanding of people as feminine or masculine Eg bluepink clothes makeup hair length sports jobs Di erence between sex and gender What you have between your legs and what you have between your ears Categorical Self A person s classification of the self along socially significant dimensions like sex and gender What does it mean to be a woman What society says that a woman is Nurturing What does it mean to be a man Aggressive Limited emotional expression Anything that a woman is not Gender Identity An image of ourself as relatively masculinefeminine in characteristic How you feel that fits best for you Gender Labeling The awareness of separate gender categories and the ability to use gender category information Eg babies identify ppl by the way they dress hair length etc Limitations of the Gender Binary Limiting ppl experiences by masculinefeminine Gender is seen as fixed and rigid men or women boy or girl Masculine gt Feminine There are stereotypes in adults with parenting roles Places people s experiences of gender in a box to which one must conform T ransgender an umbrella term to describe ppl who do not fit within the gender binary Gender Roles Prescription for masculine or feminine behaVior HDFS 320 a Masculine instrumental character traits and behaviors Eg breadwinner b Feminine expressive character traits and behavior Eg caretaker Origin of Sex and Gender Differences Nature Are observed differences due to biology genes hormones Nurture Are observed differences due to socialization Why does it matter Better equipped to understand differences Gender Stereot in Gender Typing any association of objects activities roles or traits with one gender of the other that conform to cultural stereotype Eg all women wear makeup and all men take out the trash Starts in the womb Gender Stereotype generalizations about the gender differences and roles of individuals or groups to make assumptions about that person Gender Stereotyping Negative Impact on Girls Lack of confidence Impacts their wellbeing and health 0 Increased rates of eating disorders depression and anxiety Gender Stereotyping Negative Impact on Bovs Impacts their social and emotional development 0 Limited emotional expressions 0 Aggression and violence The manbox Tony Porker Gender Neutral Caregiving Impact on Development Benefits 0 Boys could connect with more feminine traits 0 Girls could connect with more masculine traits Cons o Victims of bullying 3 Homophobia 3 Transphobia o Confusion about what others wear and play with compared to me 3 Eg parents trying to raise child with neutral caregiving Dressing him as a girl or boy no matter what s hisher gender Can cause selfesteem problems as they grow up HDFS 320 Sexual Differentiation Differences based on biology o Hormones genetics primary and secondary sex characteristics etc Androgen hormone found in greater quantities in males Estrogen hormone found in greater quantities in females Differences in Activitv and Motor Development Few differences between male and female infants See differences during toddlerhood o Tend to see males with greater gross motor skills and female with fine motor skills Cultural values and childrearing customs contribute to the emergence and refinement of early motor skills How do you think this could impact Motor Development If you don t have that particular experience you are not going to develop it Differences in Language and Communication Parents and others talk differently to boys and girls 0 In uences language development and gender development Gender Socialization Treatment by Parents Parents tend to have different expectations for their sons and daughters 0 Boys are more rigidly gender typed hypermasculine Heterosexual fathers are more insistent that boys conform to gender roles than gaylesbian parents Parents who hold nonstereotyped values and consciously avoid behaving in stereotyped ways have children who are less gendertyped
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