Health Psy 10/20-10/22
Health Psy 10/20-10/22 PSY 382 - M001
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alexis Hanford on Thursday October 22, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 382 - M001 at Syracuse University taught by L. Gellis in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see Health Psychology in Psychlogy at Syracuse University.
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Date Created: 10/22/15
102015 Tuesday October 20 2015 1059 AM Alcohol Moderate drinking 12 drinks per day associated with a decrease in cardiovascular diseases At risk drinking 2 or more episodes of binge drinking in past month 5 for males 4 for females 2 or more drinks per day CAGEassessment have you ever tried to cut down your drinking have people annoyed you by criticizing yourdrinking have you ever felt bad or guilty about your drinking have you ever had an eyeopener Disordered substance use DSMV Lack of control drinking more or longer than intended persistent desire of unsuccessful efforts to cut down or stop a great deal oftime spent on obtaining alcohol drinking or getting over its effects craving or strong desire to use Social impairment or risky use failure to fulfill major role obligations important activities given up or reduced because ofdrinking continued use despite knowledge of a problem use in physically hazardous situations Pharmacologic tolerance withdrawal Mild 2 to 3 of symptoms Moderate 45 symptoms Severe 6 symptoms Smoking Single greatest cause of preventable deaths accounts for about one in 5 deaths Increase cholesterol increase blood pressure cancer producing chemicals into the body Smoking and aging enhances the physical effects of aging Children and adolescence start smoking because of experimental and social influences Reduces perception that smoking is hazardous normalizes shapes what is attractive andcool Experimental evidence showed movie to two groups of adolescents one group with smoking scenes one without Findings adolescents who saw smoking scenes attributed higher social status to adolescent smokers increased personal intention to smoke Smoking and drinking run in families Multiple genes and complex trait Personality and alcohol dependence impulsive and sensation seeking intolerance of frustration negative emotionality Why we continue using Early consequences and function Positive affect regulation leading to pleasurable experiences Negative affect regulation tension reductionno stress no fear Withdrawal smoking irritability headaches anxiety peak 48 hours after quitting and generally resolve within 30 days Alcoholdelirium seizures Physiological mechanisms ofdependence Inlffquotf f ln1rlr A nnlll nlf nhmflf an AAAI FA I Innquotkvn IllLlCdbC ICVCIb UI LIIC llCUlUlellbllllLLCl UUpdllllllCdb UUCb 56X CdLlllB Iduglllllg teaches people to repeat the behavior overstimulate produces less dopamine in response to natural rewards Damage to the prefrontal cortex critical to judgment decision making behavioral control Process ofaddiction experimentation functioning component copingrewarding beliefs genetics environmental cues withdrawalphysiologic Medications for addiction Alcohol Naltrexone reduces rewards associated with drinking decrease cravings Smoking nicotine replacement therapy Antabuse aversive conditioning and alcohol if used with drugs it causes nasea dizziness vomiting causes alcohol aversion Functional Analysis of behavior smoking 3 A39s avoid alter alternatives 1 Stimulus stress coffee work friends 2 Response smoking 3 Consequencealert relaxed craving reduced Intervention avoid or alter the behavior establish alternative behaviors Contigency contracting self rewardspunishments Why treatments fail 80 of smokers relapse after a year and 60 ofthose with alcohol dependence Environmental cues Dhuclnlnalr II Ilnorahlllhl I IIYJIUIUEIU VUII ICI GUIIILy Multiple factors contributing to use Conclusions Manyfactors contributing to substance use and dependence Once dependent difficult to have long term improvements Prevention ofdependence is key
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